S: Westward Expansion
FC: Westward Expansion
1: Back in the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, people had just begun to make tools easier to use and more accurate. | Accuracy was important because it was the beginning of Interchangeable parts. | Making the tools easier to use was important also because it helped to get things done much faster.
2: The Industrial Revolution appeared first in New England:Massachusetts,Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, and New Hampshire. These places were very rich in natural resources for farm land such as coal and Iron. The map above is a picture of these colonies.
3: The New England original colonies were conveniently located because of natural resources such as coal and Iron.
4: Social Interactions that took place during this time were with the Indians. They bartered land with them with unfair contracts and other legal papers. This all had made an effect on the event we know of today as The Trail of Tears. The Cherokee Indians were forced off their land and expected to move south to Kansas. Thousands were killed from starvation, sickness, and lack of heat.
6: Panic of 1837 This was a time when land values dropped sharply, investments declined suddenly, and banks failed. Farmers plunged into debt and lost their land. President Martin Van Buren believed in laissez-faire, which means that government should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy.
7: The Democrats had been in charge of the presidency for 12 years. But with the country still in the depression, the Whigs thought they stood a chance in the election of 1840. They nominated William Henry Harrison to run against Van Buren, with John Tyler as his running mate. Because Harrison had gained national fame defeating Tecumseh's followers in the Battle of Tippecanoe, their campaign slogan was "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too."
8: Adams-Onis Treaty Many Americans wanted control of the Oregon County to gain access to the Pacific Ocean. John Quincy Adams played a big prt in promoting this goal. In 1819 he negotiated this treaty with Spain. The treaty agreed to set the limits of their territory at what is now California's northern border and gave up any claim to Oregon. In 182 Russia also surrendered it's claim to the land south of Alaska, which left only Britain to challenge American control of the state.
10: There were many cultures that were clashing after the Adams-Onis Treaty was created, such as the Mexicans, and other native Americans such as Comanches, Apaches, and Kiowas.
11: Interchangeable Parts Eli Whitney was the inventor who first thought of the idea. The definition of it is Identical machine parts that could be quickly put together to make a complete product. This enabled machines to be manufactured with less-skilled labor and they made machine repair easier.
12: Spinning Jenny This machine spun threat and wove the thread into cloth and made it possible to perform many steps in making cloth by machine which saved time and money. This new machine ran on water power which means that they were built near a river or stream.
13: The Gold Rush had lasting effects on California's economy. Agriculture, shipping, and trade expanded to meet the miners' needs for food and other goods. many people who had come looking for gold stayed to farm or run a business. California's populations oared, increasing from about 20,000 people to more than 220,000 people only four years later.
14: Democrats were disturbed that the federal government had become a bureaucracy, a system in which non-elected officials carry out laws. Jackson responded to people giving him harsh insults by setting new federal employees. They had then handed out government obs to supporters of this idea. The practice of replacing government employees with the winning candidate's supporters became known as the Spoils System.
16: Cause and Effect: What were the causes of the past events? | The causes of this past event was the expedition of Lewis and Clark exploring the West. It helped America benefit, but it also brought a lot of problems along with it.
17: Change and Continuity: What has changed? | The things that had changed were not small things. We gained a lot of land because of the Louisiana Purchase, and we gained a lot of riches because of the farming there. These changed things such as where people lived, and how they lived as well.
18: Using the Past: How does the past help us make sense of the present? | The past often has a history of repeating itself. And we can make sense of the present from this by looking at what has happened before our time, and noticing similar patterns. Then we can begin to determine why these things are happening.
19: Turning Points: How did decisions or actions significantly transform people's lives? | There are lots of big decisions that went into play during Westward Expansion. One of the biggest, though, is electing the president. This significantly transformed people's lives because of the different acts the president would place and the different laws. The citizens always would have to abide by the laws of the government, and the president played a large role of decided what those were.
20: Through Their Eyes: What values, skill, and forms of knowledge did people need to succeed? | The values the people needed were a strong sense of belief. You had to know what you did and didn't believe in. Skills that were important were definitely farming, and factory working. You would also need a great deal of knowledge to preform either of these tasks.
21: Works Cited: | Appleby, Joyce, Alan Brinkley, Albert Broussard, James McPherson, and Donald Ritchie. The American Republic To 1877. Columbus Ohio: McGraw-Hill Companies Inc., 2005. 304-380. Print.