S: THE CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR
BC: "Let us at all times remember that all American citizens are brothers of a common country, and should dwell together in the bonds of fraternal feeling." -Abraham Lincoln | Honest Abe and those who fought in the Civil War.
FC: The second war for independence How did it start? | By Alyssa Aguilar | "A house divided against itself cannot stand" -Abraham Lincoln
1: The war of America... | The Civil War lost many American lives. 3 million men fought in the war, but more than 620,000 men died. It is a known war across America. Brothers fought against each other. Boys under the age of 12 even fought for each side. But many events led to this war...
2: The North | The North was very industrial. They lived by building large cities and factories, producing new inventions and products. | The sewing machine was one invention produced in the North.
3: Many railroads were built in the North for trading. | Trading went on a lot in the North, so railroads were built. Immigrants were also welcomed to get a job in the North. The North was against slavery, so the states there were called free states.
4: The South | Plantation owners became rich and had nice houses. | Unlike the North, the South was more agricultural. The people of the South owned and started farms and plantations.
5: Slaves were sold and bought in the South, and they worked for masters in plantations for long hours. Cotton was a big crop in the South. Slaves worked all day picking cotton, and sometimes, other crops. | Slaves were auctioned or sold, as if they were animals, in the South.
6: Let's Make a Compromise! | The North and the South disagreed about many things, such as slavery and their ways of life. Eventually, Missouri had wanted to join the U.S. and be part of the South. The North was mad, for they believed that slavery was wrong. Then, Henry Clay, decided to let Missouri join as a slave state and Maine as a free state. But this wasn't the whole compromise.
7: The line at latitude 36 degrees 30' was a line any slaves in the South couldn't cross. Henry Clay was called the Great Compromiser. | This is the Missouri Compromise. The green line is 36 degrees 30'
8: "I'll show you to freedom!" | Abolitionists believed slavery was wrong and wanted to end it. One abolitionist was Fredrick Douglass, a slave who escaped to New York. As a former slave, he wanted to end slavery. | This is Fredrick Douglass. He gave many speeches and wrote a book on his times as being a slave.
9: Slaves still had a chance of escaping to Canada. There was a route called the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad was a series of houses in the North for slaves to hide in. These houses led to Canada, where slaves were free. | This is the Levi Coffin House, a station on the Underground Railroad
10: She Saves the Slaves | One famous abolitionist was Harriet Tubman. She was an escaping slave called "Moses." This was because she led many slaves to freedom. When she made it to freedom, she said this: "I looked at my hands to see if I was the same person, now I was free. There was such a glory over everything-and I felt like I was in heaven." She wanted to share this feeling with her family and other slaves in the South.
11: So, after getting a job in Philadelphia, she did exactly that. She went to the South at night and led many slaves to the North or even farther, to Canada. | Here is Harriet Tubman with some slaves she had rescued. She is the one on the left.
12: The Great Compromiser Strikes Again! | Soon California asked the U.S if they could join as a free state. The South was angered by the request because there would be more free states than slave states. So, Henry Clay made another compromise. It was called the Compromise of 1850. He said that California could join the North and the selling of slaves would be stopped in Washington D.C.
13: New Mexico and Utah could vote if they would allow slavery in their territories, and a new law called the Fugitive Slave Law. This law said that all runaway slaves in the North were to be captured and returned to the South. The North became angry about this law. | Henry Clay, also called the Great Compromiser.
14: Kansas, are you bleeding? | Kansas and Nebraska were ready to join the U.S, and both states were North of latitude 36 degrees 30'. But Congress passed a law called the Kansas-Nebraska Act. This law stated that people of Kansas would elect to either allow slavery on their lands. Many Northerners and Southerners rushed to Kansas. On election day, the Southern settlers won, but the Northerners said they had cheated. But the Southerners settled in Topeka, Kansas anyways.
15: The United States in 1854 | In 1856, a pro-slavery mob attacked Lawrence, Kansas to arrest people and leaders from the North. Eventually, an abolitionists named John Brown became angry about this attack and went to Pottawatomie Creek with some followers. 5 settlers were killed.
16: 16th President | In the year of 1860, Abraham Lincoln became the president of the United States. He was against slavery, but he would let the South keep their slavery. But one there was one new rule: no spread of slavery in new territories. This was enough to anger Southerners. The South could tell that they needed to be careful with this president. Only two weeks after his election, on December 20, 1860, South Carolina seceded from the U.S.
17: Seven other Southern states followed, forming their new country, the Confederate States of America. On April, 12, 1861, the Confederacy attacked Fort Sumter because of the problem of who owned the fort. The Confederacy won. It was the start of the Civil War! | 16th president, Abraham Lincoln. This picture was taken before the war.
18: to the picture sources I used: | Cover Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/50965924@N00/3920435940 | Pg. 2 and 3 pictures: http://www.flickr.com/photos/12700837@N07/2725928239/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/47290943@N03/5994423216/ | Pg..5 and 6 pictures: http://www.flickr.com/photos/10639770@N06/1401417032 History Alive textbook | Pg. 7 picture: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Missouri_Compromise_Line.svg | Pg. 8 and 9 pictures: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Levi_Coffin_House_Fountain_City_Indiana.jpg | Pg. 11 picture: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Harriet_Tubman,_with_rescued_slaves,_New_York_Times.JPG
19: Pg. 15 picture: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Clay.png | Pg. 13 picture: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:United_States_1854-1858.png | Thank you to: Mrs. Reinberg History Alive! Textbook FlickerCC.com commons.wikapedia.org Mixbook Han Jeong | Pg. 17 picture: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Abraham_Lincoln_by_Hessler.png