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A Walk Through the Ancient World

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BC: http://isy6a2011awd.wikispaces.com/ | http://www.indiabuzzing.com/2009/05/05/the-first-emperor-of-india-chandragupta-maurya/


1: A Walk Through the Ancient World. By:Samantha Ramsey, Kayla Prosser, Stephanie Cocozza, and Colby Cracco.

2: Bobby and his parents decided it was time for him to go visit his grandparents in the Middle East. Bobby packed his bags and headed to the airport, he knew it would be a little bit scary with out flying with his parents, but he got through it. He arrived in the Middle East hours later to meet his grandparents.

3: When Bobby got to his grandparents house he was exhausted, so he took a nap. Later that day Bobby's grandparents took him to a Museum of Ancient History and they learned about cultures from 3,500 BCE - 500 CE.

4: Mesopotamia

5: Mesopotamia is an Ancient River Valley Civilization, it was a birth place of Urban Society, writing, agriculture, irrigation, and wheeled transportation. They had a king which is a Monarchy government. Monarchy means a government that is ruled by one ruler. Mesopotamia also had City- states and used Hammurabi's code."what are city-states?" asked Bobby. City-States are a smaller region in a country. | The Mesopotamia was known for many things such as the wheel, sail, using bronze, the number system based on 60, and the irrigation system. Their most famous Architecture (buildings and structures) was the Ziggurrats which was a ancient temple. They used Cuneiform for their writing system. The Mesopotamian's religious belief was Polytheism which means they believed in many gods.

6: Nile River Valley

7: "The Nile River Valley's Government was Monarchy which means Egypt is ruled by one King or Queen," said the tour guide. "Egypt had a lot of cultural achievements and inventions like the Pyramids, papyrus, medicine, and the 365 day calendar." As the the tour guide kept explaining the Nile River Valley, I could not wait to find out more exciting stuff about all the other exhibits. | "Their writing system was Hieroglyphics. They also had a belief system named polytheism which is the belief of many gods or goddesses," said the tour guide as she was walking to the next exhibit.

8: Indus River Valley

9: "The Indus river valley had many achievements which included Grid-cities, Harrapa which was art, and Molerjo Daro who was an astronomer." "During the era of the Indus River Valley, they had many inventions that were used." "They had an irrigation system for watering plants and crops, oven baked bricks for building houses and buildings, and plumbing and sewer system for bathrooms.' "They also had a writing system which is to this day, not deciphered." "They used symbol writing that was almost like hieroglyphics." "The Indus people believed in Polytheism.' 'What is that, i know you said it beofre but its hard to remeeber with all this information?" Asked Bobby. " It is the belief in more than one god." "Their government is unknown, but we are lead to believe that it was centralized." | "The next exhibit we visited was the Indus River Valley." "The Indus people had many achievements. They included grid-cities, Harrapa, which was a type of art, and Molerjo Daro, who was an astronomer" The tour guide explained very enthusiastically.

10: Yellow River Valley

11: "The Yellow River Valley had a monarchy government which means it was ruled by a king or queen." "They were known for their timber framed homes also known as wall cities and they created the irrigation system." "Ancient China has a polytheistic religion." "China has a very unique writing system called character writing which was based off of oracle bones."

12: "The Zhou dynasty had an Emperor, they used federalism which is a 2 level government, and the Zhou was at constant war." "Their economy included agriculture (farming), and small scale trade. The belief system they used relied on the Mandate of Heaven, which gave honor to the rulers." "However, the Zhou did not have a philosophy. The inventions the Zhou used were bronze, jade, and iron for weapons, crossbows, blast furnaces, poetry,and built roads and canals." " What were the roads and the canals used for?" Asked Grandpa. " They used them for trading with other civilizations." Explained the tour guide.

13: "Like the Zhou, the Qin also had an Emperor (Shi Huangi) who had total power, centralized (united China for first time), bureaucracy which is a complex social organization, and Mandate of Heaven." "Their economy included agriculture, and improved trade with China." "The Rulers used Legalism for a religion." "Qin had many inventions Roads, canals, burned Confucian books, killed Confucian scholars, standardized weights and measures, standardized writing, and the Great Wall of China." | Classical China: Qin

14: The Han also had an Emperor who had total power, civil service system used, highly centralized, strong centralized government, bureaucracy, and mandate of heaven The Han's achievements included agriculture, they built silk roads, and traded with Rome and other parts of Asia. Unlike the Qin, the Han Rulers used Confucianism for a philosophy. Han people believed in strict education, and thought it would lead to promoted universities. The Han population reached over 60 million people. The Han invented paper, Chinese literature, made/traded silk, farming inventions, collar harness, plow and wheelbarrow. | Classical China: Han

15: "Confucianism started in China by the famous Confucius." "He is famous for teaching the 5 Key Relationships, which are parent and child, husband and wife, sibling and sibling, friend and friend, ruler and subject." "He also taught filial piety, which is respect for your parents, and the Golden Rule." Confucius wrote the book The Analects. In it, were ideas about order in society." "They believed that order began with the individual, they stressed proper behavior, thought leaders should rule by example, and that education helps bring order to society." | "Legalism started in Ancient China by the individual Hanfeizi." "In Legalism, they believed that Confucianism was wrong." "Legalism thought that they couldn't trust people, practical, and they thought that the rule of law is supreme." "Harsh punishments, and strong laws were necessary." "Hanfeizi's ideas about order in society, were that the Government should only do projects that benefit the most people; the majority, the position of leader is more important that the man, strong laws bring order." " Any questions for ancient China?" " Can we stay here longer?" Says Bobby. "NO BOBBY!" Stated Grandma.

16: Mauryas

17: "The Maurya's began in 326 B.C with many rulers such as Alexander the Great, Chandragupta, Kautilya, and Akosa." "They each did or invented something important during this time period." "They used Buddhism for their religion. Buddhism is broken down into Four Nobel Truths." "Akosa, Kautilya, and Chandgragupta invented achievements during this time." "Akosa invented the Huge stone pillars inscribed with his new policies." "Kautilya invented the Rulers Handbook to follow, and Chandgragupta invented the Four Provinces." "They had a lot of rules; therefore they had to be careful of what they did." "The Maurya's didn't have a writing system that they created."

18: Guptas

19: "The Gupta's had a monarchy government their rulers were Chandra Gupta from 320A.D. Samudra Gupta 335 A.D. and Chandra Gupta II 375 A.D." " Some accomplishments that the Gupta's had were Indian astronomers discovered the world was round before Columbus existed, they created modern numerals, zero, the decimal system, and pi." "They also calculated solar years." "The Gupta's believed in the caste system which was part of Hinduism." "The caste system had many levels, the levels represented what you meant to other people." "The levels were from the least important to the most important: the untouchables which meant they couldn't touch or go near anyone above their classification, Sudras which were servants, vaisyas which were skilled workers and farmers, kshatriyas which were warriors, and the Brahmin's which were the priests at the top of the pyramid and they also believed in Buddhism." "Lets go we are almost done." No, i wanted to learn more so take your time." Yelled Bobby.

20: Classical Greece

21: "Classical Greece had many parts to it, these were called City states such as Athens and Sparta." "Were there any other city states of Greece?" asked grandfather. "Yes, but we will learn about that another time," replied the tour guide, "The military state, Sparta, had a government called Oligarchy which is where the women get a majority of equal rights." "The city state Athens had a government named Direct Democracy which means that the people of the state get to vote for their rights." "But everyone has a chance to vote today," Bobby stated. "Yes, but back then women did not have a chance to vote," said the tour guide. "Athens and Sparta had a lot of cultural achievements." "For example, comedy and tragedy for fine arts, larger than life sculptures and columns for signs of architecture, and Athens had a came up with the idea of astronomy and math." "All of Greece was polytheistic."


23: "Classical Rome had a government that was ruled by Republic which means that its ruled through representatives; the three branches of government( i'm times of trouble, a dictator could rule with absolute power, but after six months he had to give it back), they had a Senate, Imperial Rome(ruled by a dictator or empire, it was highly centralized, and their law code they used was Twelve Tables." " It had many achievements like The Pax Romana which was time of peace, large trading network by sea and by land. "They invented the arch which people still use today on buildings that make them more safe, dome, concrete, roman roads for trade, realistic art, literature and language." "Their writing system was Latin." "They all used one belief system; therefore they used Polytheism, and a while after they adopted Christianity in 380 CE, which is Monotheistic." "Monotheistic means belief in only one god." " Wow, there are so many vocab words!" As Bobby freaks out!"

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