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A-Z Islam

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FC: A-Z Islam

1: A is for Arabian Peninsula The Arabian peninsula is the place where Muslims worship their God, Allah. Christians and Jews also occupy this area. The peninsula consists of places such as Muscat, Yemen, Mecca, Medina and Aden. Trade plays a big part in the Arabian Peninsula. Goods such as spices, incense, perfumes, precious metals, ivory, and silk are items that are traded on the peninsula | Frances Distefano

2: B is for Bedouins Bedouins live according to strict tribal law and tradition. They most commonly occupy Sinai Peninsula. Bedouins believe strongly in water conservation and being respectful to nature. Activities that could potentially harm human or animal habitats are prohibited. The Bedouin population is divided into 8 tribes, there are approximately 3000 individuals in each tribe. Frances Distefano

3: C is for Caliph The word caliph means "successor". All caliphs used the Qur'an as a guide to leadership, and they are known as the "rightly guided" caliphs. Some caliphs were Umar, Uthman, and Ali. Abu-Bakr was the first and promised to stand what Muhammas stood for. Umar, the second caliph, Muslim armies conquered Syria. The last two Caliphs expanded the territory. A caliph was a follower of Muhammad and everyone knew him. Frances Distfano

4: D is for Dome of the Rock Located in Jerusalem, the Dome of the Rock, is known to be the sight in which the prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven. It is thought to also represent the place where Abraham prepared to sacrifice Isaac and where the Jewish Temple once stood. Therefore it has much religious significance and brings two cultures together to worship. It is curious that these same two groups are constantly at war when they have so much in common. | Frances Distefano

5: E is for Eurasia Eurasia is a huge landmass that connects the connects Europe and Asia. Eurasia formed when Siberia, Kazakhstania and Baltica joined. Eurasia is considered a supercontinent and is highly associated with the silk road. powerful trading routes run through this land to exchange goods both in Asia and Europe.

6: F is for faith The Islamic religion is strictly monotheistic. Muslims believe in God as a super natural being. They try not to refer to him as a thing or a human. The Arabian God is called "Allah" to distinguish him from all other gods such as those of Judaism and Christianity. all followers must accept Muhammad as the messenger or profit of "Allah." Faith, being first of the five pillars (Shahadah) is fatal to the culture of Islam. | Frances Distefano

7: G is for God We know that the Muslims are monotheistic - meaning the believe in one God. | They call this God "Allah". Allah is the same God that is worshiped in Christianity and Judaism. However, Musllims | view Jesus as a prophet, like Muhammad, but not as the son of God. | Andrew Angioillo

8: H is for Hajj Hajj, also known as pilgrimage, is a basic act of worship in the Islamic culture. This is the journey to the city of Mecca during a certain time of year. The hajj is performed annually during the twelfth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. Tis is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. Muslims take off their ordinary clothes and put on a simple white dress, a symbol of purity. Muslims also walk between the hills of Safa and Marwah.They finish the hajj by sacrificing an animal that is to be shared with the family. | Andrew Angiolillo

9: I is for Islam Islam is the will of Allah. People who believed in the basis or Islam also followed the Muslim Religion. All Muslims all believe and take their religion strongly, and also worship Allah directly through themselves. The basis of Islam is the Qur'an, which is the word of Allah. Also, the Five Pillars of Islam show am]re a major part of any Muslim's life. | Andrew Angiolillo

10: J is for Jeruselum Jeruselum is the capital of Isreal and is located between the Mediteranean Sea and the northern edge of the Dead Sea. Jeruselum is one of the most holy cities and it is a spiritual center for monotheistic religions. | Andrew Angiolillo

11: K is for Knowledge and Inventions With new inventions and trade items, knowledge became alot more possible. For instance, the making of paper made it easier and less expensive to make books for the Muslims to learn. As the Muslim Empire expanded, more art and creation was coming alive. The Quran is the standard for all Arabic literature and poetry. Also, many people turned to calligraphy because since Muslims believed that only Allah can create life, they tried to stay away from drawing living things. | Christina Bucci

12: L is for language The development of Arabic into the language of international scholarship was a big accomplishment. This played a big part in the knowledge of the people of Islam. Scholars were able to communicate with each other. Greek, Latin, ancient Egyptian, Chinese, and other languages were translated. Information from manuscripts and other documents in different languages could now be deciphered and Islam became a more powerful nation. | Andrew Angiolillo

13: M is for Mosque The Mosque is the place of worship for Muslims. Most Muslims refer to this as the masjid, its Arabic Name. This is where the Muslims came together at prayer time to worship together one on one with their God, Allah. | Andrew Angiolillo

14: N is for Nomads Nomads are gatherngs of people who constantly move from one place to another rather than settling in one area. Islams commuted all over for trade. | Andrew Angiolillo

15: O is for Obligations Carrying out the Five Pillars of Islam is a main duty of every Muslim. They live their faith and serve the community. Every Muslim is forbidden to eat meat or drink intoxicated beverages. The Muslim Community doesn't have priests or anyone holding religious authority because Muslims are to worship Allah directly. | Christina Bucci

16: P is for Prayer A Muslim's daily prayer is called Salah. These are five times of praying and are a duty of every Muslim. Muslims must pray between dawn and sunrise, noon to mid afternoon, between mid afternoon and just before sunset, at sunset and after twilight. All Muslims pray in the Arabic language. While performing these prayers, a true Muslim must give their undivided attention. | Christina Bucci

17: Q is for Qur'an The Qur'an is the Islamic holy book of the Muslims which is written in Arabic. Muslims believe that this is the word of Allah, but it can't be interpreted to any other language. It is only the word of Allah when it is in their language. Muhammad received this from Allah. He was to show how to apply the word of God to life. | Christin Bucci

18: R is for Ramadan Ramadan is the time when fasting takes place in the Muslim world. This is the time when Muslims don't eat or drink anything between dawn and sunset, which takes place in the 9th month of the Islamic Lunar Calendar. Muslims believe that in this month the Qur'an was send to Muhammad from Allah. Fasting is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, and is a time of reflection. | Christina Bucci

19: S is for Shahada The Islamic Creed, the Shahada states the basic beliefs of any Muslim. This creed states: "I witness that there is no god but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God. Reaching all aspects on life as a Muslim, it tells the direct relationship with God and humankind. It defines the role of a Muslim and affirms that Muhammad was the prophet of God. | Christina Bucci

20: fTT | T is for Trade Trade routes connected Arabia to major oceans and landmarks, which united people and brought new ideas in and out of the Muslim community. These trade routes ran from the Arabian Peninsula to the Byzantine Empire. They transported spices and other products from Yamen to the west. This brought information and ideas to places outside of Arabia | Andrew Angiolillo

21: U is for Ummah Ummah, in the Arabic language, means the coming together or unity, but it only refers to a community of believers. Muhammad is the founder of the ummah and it shows how everyone is equal and believes as one whole. | Janis Wilson-Bey

22: V is for Veil In Islam, the veil is warn by women to show their respect and social status. It is an Islamic law that this veil is warn to cover the head and face, excluding the eyes.It shows a sign of protection of their body. | Janis Wilson-Bey

23: W is for Wud Wudu is the cleansing of the body before prayer. Muslims are required to cleanse their body with water before they prey. This is because the Qur'an is o be held when the od is pure and clean. This shows a sign or respect to Allah before you pray to him. This wudu cleanses the body spiritually and physically. This i a time when the head, arms, and feet are all cleansed. | Janis Wilson-Bey

24: X is for X'ian China Xian, China is where one of the major mosques of Islamic culture can be found. Many Muslims go to this mosque to pray directly to Allh. Xian was also a place where the Silk Road Traveled through that made trade easier. | Janis Wilson-Bey

25: Y is for Yathrib Yathrib is where the the Islamic culture began to flourish. People accepted Muhammad as their king and were united under his rule in Yathrob, which is now known as Medina. | Janis Wilson-By

26: Z is for Zakah Zakah basically means charity, or to give. This time of charity, though, is a duty that all Muslims give paying 2.5 of a years savings reminds Muslims of those less fortunate. Also, that wealth is not a possession, but a gift from Allah. Each person is responsible for finding out how much money they owe and distributing the money to the needy. Charity is necessary for every Muslim. | Janis Wilson-Bey

27: Works Cited holidays.net/ramadan readingislam.com http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/GLOSSARY/UMMAH http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wudu http://www.islamicity.com/mosque/w_islam/veil.htm main.pmcisoc.org chinatourist.org www.lib.utexas.edu/.../saudi_arabia_rel91.jpg www.islamreview.com/news/veilAP_228x228.jpg i66.photobucket.com/.../adilnajam/hajjEid.jpg www.masjidunur.com/port/images/stories/zakah.jpg www.quranandscience.com/images/stories/zakah2.jpg www.sacredsites.com/middle_east/israel/images home.online.no/~li-ree/islam/bilder/wudu.gif

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