FC: A | Abby's Alphabet of Marine Animals By: Abby Reed
1: This book is about sea animals you may or may not have heard of. | So read on to find some cool facts about marine life. Enjoy!
2: Angel fish are found on shallow reefs.They achieve a length of 8 to 12 inches.There are 80 types of Angel fish in the ocean.They must feed constantly so they don`t starve. | ANGEL FISH
3: BARNACLES | Instead of hunting for food barnacles stick themselves on rocks and boats.When waves come they stick out their barbed legs and strain out the plankton.Barnacle eggs hatch into larva,then they leave the parents shells.
4: Crab | Crabs are related to lobster and shrimp.They are evolved so they can walk and run sideways.They can also burrow in sand and swim in water. Their sense of smell is great for hunting for food and for finding mates.
5: Damsel fish are found on coral reefs.The average size of a damsel fish is 2 inches.Damsel fish are in the same family as the clown fish. | DAMSELFISH
6: EEL | Eels eat fish,shrimp,and frogs. After they breed they sometimes die. Baby eels are called glass eels. Eels can climb up waterfalls and dams.
7: FLOUNDER | Female flounders spawn several times during their annual spawning period. They producing about 10,000 eggs each time.young flounder are about 2 inches. Flounders eat shrimp,anchovies,and mullets. Females can get up to 20.5 inches!
8: Groupers live on the bottoms of coral reefs.They eat other fishes on the reefs near them.They can get up to 52 inches long and weigh 179 pounds!The place you can find black groupers are in the western Atlantic ocean. | GROUPER
9: HIPPO TANG | Hippo Tangs live on coral reefs in the Caribbean in a depth of 130 feet.Hippo Tangs eat algae. The Hippo Tangs can be eaten by Groupers and Barracudas.When they travel, they do it in schools of fish.
10: ISOPODS | The Isopod is a carnivore.It eats dead whale,fish,and squid.The Isopod`s habitat is a depth of 550 feet to 7,020 feet.
11: JELLY FISH | Jelly Fish are made up of 95% water.There are about 200 kinds of true Jelly Fish.The Jelly Fish have no brain,no blood,and no nervous system.The Jelly Fish`s mouth is on the underside of its bell.
12: KOI | The length Koi is about 3 feet.Koi eat shrimp and oats.Koi can lay thousands of eggs at once!Koi have different patterns,no two look just alike.
13: LIONFISH | The Lionfish can live up to 16 years old.There are about 8 different kinds of Lionfish in the wild.The Lionfish eats smaller fish near where it lives.The spikes produce poison so the Lionfish can protect its self.
14: MAKO SHARK | The Long finned Mako shark has been spotted in the Western Atlantic and the Western Indian plus many more places.It is believed to spend a lot of time in a great depths.It is also a slower swimmer than the Short finned Mako shark.The shark eats schools of fish, but a sword fish was found in Long finned Makos stomach!
15: NAUTILUS | The Nautilus uses its tentacles to catch shrimp.An adult Nautilus can grow up to about 8 inches.The Nautilus`s life span is about 20 years.The Nautilus cant see very good, because they only have little holes for eyes.
16: OCTOPUS | The biggest Octopus is the Giant Octopus.It is 23 feet long and weighs up to 400 pounds!The Octopus eats small crabs,scallops,and turtles.The Octopus can change its skin color and squirt ink so its predators can not eat it.
17: PUFFER FISH | The Puffer Fish can suck air and water through its mouth to blow up into a ball so predators can`t eat it.The Puffer Fish eats clams,shellfish,and mussels.There are more than 120 kinds of Puffer Fish worldwide.They are about 1 inch long.The spikes on a Puffer Fish are very toxic.There is enough poison to kill 30 adults!
18: QUAHOGS | Quahogs live about 3 to 4 years.You can tell a Quahogs age by counting the growth rings on its shell.The Quahogs length is about 4 inches or more.The oldest Quahog was about 40 years old!The Quahog filter feeds to get its food.
19: RAINBOW TROUT | The Rainbow Trout can be found in the West Coast.The Rainbow Trout can get up to 30 inches long and weigh 15 pounds.The Rainbow Trout eats insects,leeches,and small fish.
20: SWORD FISH | The size of a Sword Fish is14.85 feet and weighs 1,210 pounds!The Sword Fish gets 2 to 5 years old.The Sword Fish is found at a depth of 180 meters and 580 meters.The Sword Fish like temperatures above 58 degrees.
21: TIGER SHARK | The Tiger Shark have great sight and smell.The Tiger Shark eats sting rays,squids,and sea snakes.Tiger Sharks can get up to 20 to 25 feet long.They weigh more than 1,900 pounds.
22: URCHIN | Urchins live in mid or low level tide pools.Urchins eat algae off of rocks,but sometimes they will eat seaweed. Urchins have five teeth on their backside.A Urchin size is about 4 inches long.They come in many different colors.
23: VIPER FISH | The Viper Fish is about 1 foot long some may be a little bigger.The Viper Fish stays in deep water during the day time.It moves it shallower water at night.It eats small fish and shrimp.
24: WHALE | Whales are mammals so they breath air.They go to the surface and blow out their blow hole.whales are warm blooded so their body temperature stays the same.when whales travel,their groups they travel in are called pods.
25: X-RAY FISH | The X-Ray Fish is sometimes clear,silver,or yellow.they reach 2 to 3 inches long.X-Ray Fish are omnivorous they it meat and plants.they mostly eat live things like worms or shrimp.
26: YELLOW FINNED TUNA | Yellow Finned Tunas get up to 450 pounds.Yellow Finned Tunas can be found in the both Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.They are mostly seen in about 500 feet deep.
27: ZOOPLANKTON | Zooplankton can be found in Carolinas bay.a Zooplankton is a filter feeder it strains small pieces of algae from the water.Whales are one of Zooplanktons predators.