FC: Ancient Rome | By: Dana Juby Molly O'Brien Ian Wiernicki
1: Ancient Rome: | Corruption and wrong doing lead to decline of kings: Etruscan Kings Rape of Lucretia
2: Mixed form of government: Consuls -- Monarchal. Senate -- Aristocratic. Assembly -- Democratic. Republic had checks and balances. Families real centers of power.
3: Patricians and Plebeians struggle for power: Patricians superior, members of Senate. Plebeians needed voice in government people called tribunes. Laws of the 12 Tables, Licinian-Sextian laws
4: Loose order of government: Constitution not formal document. Law didn't consider women, slaves, resident aliens citizens.
5: Positions in Ancient Rome: Senate -- Law makers. Consuls -- Highest position. Tribunes -- Represented Plebeians. Assembly of Tribes -- Made of all citizens. Ladder of offices.
6: Ancient Rome's Newly Found Government | Assembly of Centuries and Tribes Government Officials Senate Consuls
7: Assembly of Centuries and Tribes | The Assembly of Centuries were only members of the Army. The Assembly of Tribes were the citizens that approved or rejected laws and also issue war of peace.
8: Government Officials | Government Officials were the senators and held office for life. There is 4 things Government Officials has to do to be in senate. 1.They have to be a military leader 2.Be elected for financial official 3.Then be elected for public works official 4.Then again be elected for being a judicial official Government Officials is in the office for a year than has to return to private life before they can go to another office. After going through all that they are welcome into the senate.
9: Senate | Senates consults with the king Senate then overthrew the kings, they had become the most powerful form of government. Compose of ex-consuls than other officers. Composed of 300 members and was chosen only by kings but then it was consuls. Roman senate was a deliberative governing body, they had studied the proposals. Actual law making power was lacking, senate held authority to Roman politics.
10: Consuls | There was only 2 members of the consuls. They had carried on the functions of the king, supreme civil and military authority. Consuls were aloud to alternate monthly on who the primary director of the senate was. Each consul could veto the other, could led armies, and serve as judges. They are only in office for one year, they then become senators for life. 1 year-term, veto, and co-consulship stopped consuls from having too much power.
11: Rome social structure: | -The levels of class were very strict. -There was a small possibility of moving up in class. -The upper classes were the Equestrians and the Senators. -Lower classes were commons, Latins, freed people, foreigners and slaves. - Upper class women put in class based on men in their life. -Lower class women were put in the class of their parents.
12: Patronage: | - Upper class gave lower citizens patronage. - Patronage was food, money, and legal help. -Slaves became the cliens of their owner. -Patroni were given favors and respected. -Higher status based on how many cliens you had. -Two types of patronage. (Public and Personal)
13: Moving up in class: | -Wealth and property gave you mobility. -Patronage by the emperor. -Slaves could buy freedom/ masters could free their slaves. -Equestrian class gained power over senate.
14: Distinguishing factors between class: | -Dress was different for all classes. -Upper class women had no dress. -Slaves had no dress. -Some slaves had to wear metal collars. -Clothing for upper class males immediately showed rank.
15: Foreigners and non-Roman people in classes: | -Land outside of Rome was always included in society. -Freeborn people were given citizenship outside of Rome, after 212AD. - Italian citizens were given some rights, but not full. - Latin, foreign and enslaved women took the place of their mother. -Slaves that bought their freedom were not fully free.