S: Armenian Genocide
BC: Armenian Genocide Nadia Peyravian and Natalie Chalker
FC: The Armenian Genocide, was the first genocide of the 20th century. It occurred when approximately 1.5 million Armenians living in Turkey were eliminated from their homeland for their crime of being Armenian | ARMENIAN GENOCIDE | Natalie Chalker & Nadia Peyravian | Armenian children working in one of the 25 major concentration camps | Survivors and dead bodies of Armenian Genocide
1: TABLE OF CONTENTS | Introduction...........2 & 3 Editorial..............4 & 5 Non-fiction articles...6 & 7 Quotes................ 8 & 9 Works Cited..........10 & 11 | Poster representing the denial of the existence of the Armenian Genocide by Turkish authority
2: INTRODUCTION | Armenians commemorate the Armenian Genocide on April 24, because it was on that day in 1915 when 300 Armenian leaders, writers, thinkers and professionals in Istanbul were rounded up, deported and killed. Also on that day, 5,000 of the poorest Armenians were butchered in the streets and in their homes. | The Armenian Genocide was the systematic destruction of the Armenian population. It was led by the Ottoman Empire and the Young Turks triumvirate. The leaders wanted to "Turkify" the country so it was decided that all Armenians would be eliminated from Turkey. The Christian Armenians living in Turkey had influenced some Muslim Turks to convert to Christianity. Turkey's government did not like that, so it decided to destruct the Armenian population living in Turkey.
3: INTRODUCTION | Map of Armenian Genocide
4: EDITORIAL | The US government is debating on whether or not to write an official statement calling the massacre of Armenians a genocide by the Turks against the Armenians. There will be no expectations from the Turks, nothing will be done, just a symbolic statement. However, currently the Obama administration has no intentions of writing this statement for its best interests. The author believes that “it is important for the United States to stand for historical truth on the Armenian slaughter.” The author clearly wants the US to write the statement and for the “Turks to come to terms with their brutal history” and end their ongoing denial. | Can the Americans feel the 1.5 million dead Armenians haunting them? Armenians pleading to US to write statement!
5: EDITORIAL | Editorial Article Link: http://articles.latimes.com/2010/mar/08/opinion/la-ed-turkey8-2010mar08 | The US government’s debate of writing an official statement goes in hand with Turkey’s current denial of the genocide. Turkey removed the genocide from history textbooks and Turkish authorities continue to deny the murdering of 1.5 million Armenians, and claim instead that the Armenians were displaced. The memoirs All But My Life and Night depict life centered around the Holocaust. Both books indirectly implied the existence of the Holocuast. Wiesel and Weissmann informed people of what took place that resulted in the mass murder of Jews. However, even though there is much evidence surrounding the reality of the Holocaust, it is still denied by many people. The Holocaust and Armenian Genocide both portray the theme of denial. David Irving, James Keegstra, Bradley Smith, Arab nation leaders, Iranian President Ahmadinejad all deny that the Holocaust existed. Like the Holocaust, Turkish authorities persistently deny the Armenian Genocide. It is one’s responsibility to take a stance by deciding whether or not a genocide took place. | Year 1915 is missing from Turkish textbooks
6: NON-FICTION ARTICLE The Unremembered Genocide | “The Unremembered Genocide” describes the horrors that the American people had to experience throughout the genocide and how the Armenian genocide has been previously overlooked. At first all able bodied men from ages fourteenth sixty were “drafted into “special labor battalions”. This was similar to when Author, from All But My life, getting taken into the war before any of his other family members. Most men were forced to dig ditches and then were shot into them, a lot like in the Holocaust. As for the women and children, they were “relocated”. Just like Gerda and her mother from All But My Life. Once the prisoners were in the camps they were forbidden to drink when not instructed and the guards would steel their food and clothing. The Turks also tortured, raped and mutilated the Armenian people. As a military sport children would be lined up and used for shooting practice. As mentioned in Night, infants were thrown into the air and were caught on bayonets. It is amazing to think how people could let something so horrible happen. | Memorial in Armenian for Armenian Genocide victims
7: NON-FICTION ARTICLE The Armenian Genocide and The Holocaust Compared | “The Armenian Genocide and The Holocaust Compared” shows a comparison between the two genocides. Even though the Armenian Genocide occurred under the circumstances of the Turkish revolution (WWI) and the Holocaust was a product of the Nazi revolution (WWII) they actually have a lot in common with each other. In both cases the target, Jews and Armenians, were ethnic groups, not political groups. Both genocides were labeled “total domestic violence”, and they both were attacks on their own society. The product of the two mass killings was also the same. The goal was to annihilate the Jewish and Armenians, but in the end the Turks and the Nazis were the ones defeated. Even though they were very alike they still had their differences. Armenians were mostly poor peasants where the Jewish people were largely urban communities. Also the Nazis had a global scope, but the Turkish were more focused on only Armenia. It is extremely sad that something this awful could happen multiple times. One would think people would have learned their lesson the first time. | The Genocide that is said to be done, gone, and unknown
8: QUOTES | Imagine the thought of being separated from the loved ones who you have spent your whole life. The thought is both unbearable and inhumane. In Night, Elie was sent to the left along with his father, while his mother was sent to the right, “Yet that was the moment when I left my mother” (Wiesel 29). During the Armenian Genocide, families were broken up as the men and women are separated; the men were usually massacred. It is distressing to consider the thoughts that when through the prisoner's minds during the separation. Did the authority not have the slightest bit of pity towards the prisoners? German supervisors should no sympathy towards Elie’s father. Marching was a difficult task for Elie’s father and he failed miserably at it, and thus was tormented on a daily basis by Franek, a camp authority, “Left, right: he punched him. Left, right: he slapped him.” (Wiesel 55). Pity was not shown towards the young children in the Armenian Genocide. At every sunset, there was a ceremony for the wrongdoers of the day. The children who were convicted of misbehaving were beaten. The worst punishments were saved for those who spoke Armenian, for it was forbidden. A child, who is now and orphan, will face brutal lashings.Elie described in Night that “The beloved objects that we carried with us from place to place were now left behind in the wagon” (Wiesel 29) One imagines losing his most valuable article; an heirloom, family locket, wedding ring, etc. Loosing anything that has great importance to one is unspeakable. The Armenians, like the Jews were stripped from their belongings upon entering concentration camps.
9: QUOTES | Dead Armenian child after sunset ceremony | Babies were separated from their mothers. Their mothers were deported, and the babies were shot
10: WORKS CITED | Klein, Gerda Weissmann. All But My Life. Expanded ed. United States of America: Douglas & McIntyre Ltd., 2001. 3-261. Print. Wiesel, Elie. Night. 1st ed. United States of America: Douglas & McIntyre Ltd., 2006. vii-120. Print. "Armenian Genocide." United Human Rights Council. United Human Rights Council, 2010. Web. 12 Apr 2010.
11: WORKS CITED | A | Abdul Hamid was part of the Ottoman Triumvirate who led the Armenian Genocide. | sipil, heikki. "The Mail Archive." Kominform. N.p., 28 12 2000. Web. 20 Apr 2010.