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CA Project ENGL 201

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CA Project ENGL 201 - Page Text Content

FC: Their Impact of the World

1: Table of contents | Page 2: Who He Was Page 3: Chinua Achebe Images Page 4: Achievements Page 5: Cultural Impact Of Achebe's Writing Page 6: Achebe's Writing Style Page 7: Language Page 8: Impact On Other Writers Page 9: Complete List of Works Page 10: Things Fall Apart: How it came to be Page 11: What is it About Page 12: Impact of Its Culture on Other Writers Page 13: Feminist Views on Things Fall Apart Page 14: Symbols Page 15: Things Fall Apart and Chinua Achebe today

2: Who He Was | Born in Ogidi, Anambra, Nigeria on November 16th of 1930 and recently died on March 21st of 2013. Achebe was a writer from birth, learning English at the University of Ibaden and beginning his career as a writer then. He wrote mostly in English, which many African Americans criticized him for because they thought the African traditions he wrote about should be written in their cultural language. Achebe, despite some of the resentment towards him, wrote many novels but was most famous for his first novel Things Fall Apart. Not only did this novel impact the United States and Africa, but it impacted the world. In a car accident during the early 1990's, Chinua Achebe was paralyzed from the waist down, ending his writing career all together when he finally decided to retire in Boston, Massachusetts where he later died.

3: Chinua | Achebe

4: Achievements | Margaret Wrong Memorial Prize, 1959, for Things Fall Apart Rockefeller travel fellowship to East and Central Africa, 1960 Nigerian National Trophy, 1961, for No Longer at Ease UNESCO fellowship for creative artists for travel to the United States and Brazil, 1963 Jock Campbell/ New Statesman Award, 1965, for Arrow of God Commonwealth Poetry Prize, 1972, for Beware, Soul Brother Neil Gunn International Fellow, Scottish Arts Council, 1975 Lotus Award for Afro-Asian Writers, 1975 Nigerian National Merit Award, 1979 named to the Order of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1979 Commonwealth Foundation senior visiting practitioner award, 1984 Booker Prize nomination, 1987, for Anthills of the Savannah A Man of the People cited in Anthony Burgess's 1984 Ninety-Nine Novels: The Best in England since 1930 Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize

5: Cultural Impact of Achebe's Writing | Achebe's unique voice within his writing was not only symbolic to the African culture, but it gave a new meaning to their life. Achebe's writing was responsible for giving Africa its "first authentic voice". Written when he was only 28 years old, Achebe gave Africa a new life in the eyes of foreigners. His most famous novel, Things Fall Apart has been translated into more than 50 languages and its taught worldwide. A professor | at Howard University named Victoria Arana said, "the book was a part of the re-storying of people who had been knocked silent". Their culture was told through a story that impacted the way many people thought about the dying African American culture. Their third world country became rich in culture and traditions within the eyes of white people, known to Achebe as the "Europeans." The culture quickly became understood again.

6: Achebe's Writing Style | The writing style mainly used throughout his African cultured centered novels is generically very simple, yet it stands out among the rest. Achebe uses dialog, for example to draw the reader closer into the culture. capturing the "cadence" of the people. He also uses proverbs that are indicative of the Achebe's native culture: the Igbo. Specifically, he includes African words into his English written novel Things Fall Apart which draws his reader in to believe that they coexist along with the narrator of the story; they live within the storyline. Here is an example from this novel: | "Some of the women cooked the yams and the cassava, and the others prepared vegetable soup. Young men pounded the foo-foo or split firewood. The children made endless trips to the stream. “The market in Umuike is a wonderful place,” said the young man who had been sent by Obierika to buy the giant goat. “There are so many people on it that if you throw up a grain of sand it would not find a way to fall to earth again. “It is the result of great medicine,” said Obierika. “The people of Umuike wanted their market to grow and swallow up their market and their neighbors. So they made a powerful medicine. “And so everybody comes,” said another man, “honest men and thieves. They can steal your cloth from off your waist in the market."

7: Language | It's instinctive for anyone to think that you must write in your culture's language and develop yourself through the study of that culture. Chinua Achebe can be called the exception. Growing up, he learned how to speak English, but was fascinated with his African culture and learned how to speak Nigerian, the language of his native tribe. He appreciated the English language and used that in multiple of his works. He is appreciated by many other authors, both African and American from his use of both languages and making it accessible to the reader, no matter if they understood Nigerian language or not. This became a big role in breaking the tension between different cultures and the African world during the 20th century into today.

8: Impact of Chinua Achebe on other writers around the world | Ama Ata Aidoo of Brown University: “You can imagine what a revelation and inspiration “Things Fall Apart” was for me. I became aware not only of other literatures, but that I, too, could write it.” Simon Gikandi at Princeton University: “I know we’ve been making extravagant claims about the book. But ‘Things Fall Apart’ was an awakening. It created new parameters of thinking about African literature.” Jeanne M. Toungara of Howard University: “Achebe’s work initiated an entire generation of scholars who fought to understand the complexities of African societies.” Famous author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie claimed, "Chinua Achebe will always be important to me because his work influenced not so much my style as my writing philosophy: reading him emboldened me, gave me permission to write about the things I knew well"

9: Collections: Girls at War, and Other Stories (1972) Collected Poems (2004) Anthologies: The Art of the Tale(1986) Rebels and Reactionaries (1992) Fiction: A Harpercollins Pocket Anthology (1993) Christmas Poems (1999) Telling Tales (2004) Novels: Things Fall Apart (1958) No Longer at Ease (1960) Man of the People, a (1966) Chike and the River (1966) Arrow of God (1969) Anthills of the Savannah (1987) Picture Books: How the Leopard Got His Claws (1972) Series: Harpercollins Anthology Series

10: Things Fall Apart | {How the novel came to be} | During a literary movement in the 1950's, Achebe grew tired of the endless comments towards Africa about how its society foils exactly that of Europe. Countless white men were remarking on how primitive and socially unacceptable African Americans were; Achebe decided to do something. He wanted to write Things Fall Apart to show the flourishing culture and exceptional voice African Americans have. He wanted everyone to understand the fuller meaning behind the practices of his culture and convey that to outsiders who may not seem to get it. | Particularly, Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness was a novel that truly created a hate within Achebe for this narrow-minded people. Things Fall Apart was a response to Conrad's novel to show that the African American culture was something all its own. Achebe wanted to show the white Europeans as the antagonist, not as the Africans as victims, because they were not. This novel had extreme views on both sides, but nonetheless was a remarkable success and grew to be one of the most talked about novels in history. It has received many awards and is now being taught in many schools around the world.

11: What Is It About? | Things Fall Apart is the tale of a warrior named Okonkwo who is respected throughout his village of Umuofia. He is forever haunted by his father's name and his characteristics; Okonkwo refuses to be like his poor, erratic father. During the Week of Peace, Okonkwo beats one of his wives, Ojiugo for being negligent. He shocks the community by his actions and they begin to question if this is the beginning of his downfall. And in fact it has. The Oracle has now told Okonkwo that he must kill his adopted son because he calls him father. Instead, Okonkwo sends him to another village and claims he is dead. Sinking into depression, he learns about his good friends death that he hasn't seen since his adopted son's banishment, and without thinking, Okonkwo shoots a gun that ends up killing his friends 16 year old son. He and his family are banished for 7 years. | Upon returning from his banishment, Okonkwo finds that white men have come into his village. They are very subtlety trying to claim the land in which the Igbo live on. Okonkwo makes note of this and ends up killing their leader, even though this does not result in war because his tribe does not want to fight. In the end, Okonkwo hangs himself in suicide due to his ever present thoughts of his inability to lead his tribe.

12: Impact of its culture upon other writers | The culture used in Things Fall Apart had a significant impact on the rest of the world. Achebe featured his own culture, the Igbo, as the highlight in his novel to show the complexity, yet sophistication of his culture. The characterization of the Igbo culture influenced historical, social, and biographical factors that play into literature for current day writers. | Expanding about the African culture has opened up many doors for writers, white, black, Asian, Indian, etc. The ability to write freely about his culture led others to believe that they could do the same.Today, many critics believe that Achebe was the founding father of African literature.

13: Feminist Views On Things Fall Apart | Feminist views on Thing Fall Apart did not come about until the beginning of the 1990's. However, when these feels of being repressed came to be, they came on strong. Women believed the men in the novel were portrayed as dominating the woman and overpowering them to the point of abuse, which they saw as offensive. | Many female critics thought that Achebe was trying to show the dominance in Christian males because the men of the Ibo tribe take on jobs that are supposedly for women. Male dominance is shown through African culture as well as the white European culture in the novel.

14: Symbols | Locusts represent the incoming of the white settlers who will feast on the resources of their village. The fact that the Igbo eat locusts just shows how harmless the Europeans look to them. | Fire is a symbol of Okonkwo, the protagonist. It alludes to his dangerous anger that he always has burning up inside himself. With anger being the predominant emotion he displays, fire is a meaningful symbol that connects directly back to Okonkwo. He remarks in Chapters 17 and 24 that fire destorys everything it consumes. Likewise, Okonkwo does the same, physically and emotionally. | Yams is the most common word used in Things Fall Apart party because it's significant. The overabundance of yams the tribe has symbolizes the dominance of men because it should be a womans job to grow food but men grow them instead. It conveys the ever present male dominance.

15: Things Fall Apart and Chinua Achebe today | Unfortunately, Achebe recently passed away at the age of 82 on March 21 of 2013. However, the impact of his novel Things Fall Apart carries on. Today, it is the most read African American novel with over 12 million copies sold, which is also translated into 50 different languages worldwide. Before his passing Achebe taught Africana Studies at Brown University, then retired from teaching later on. His impact upon African American culture and the world still lives on through Things Fall Apart today. | Although it is one of the most argued novels of all time, it continues to inspire and provoke conversation about culture in many schools today across the world. Chinua Achebe's impact continues to thrive even after his death.

16: Works | Images: | All images used are credited to Google Images

17: Cited | Textual Support: Page 2:http://www.biography.com/people/chinua-achebe-20617665 Page 3: All are Google Images Page 4: http://enloehs.wcpss.net/projects/west02/achebe/awards.html Page 5: http://www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/0812/achebe.html Page 6: http://www.shmoop.com/things-fall-apart/writing-style.html Page 7: http://www.qub.ac.uk/imperial/nigeria/language.htm Page 8: http://www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/0812/achebe.html http://salempress.com/store/samples/critical_insights/things_fall_reception.htm Page 9: http://www.iblist.com/author611.htm Page 10: http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/things/ Page 11: http://salempress.com/store/samples/critical_insights/ things_fall_reception.htm Page 12: http://www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/0812/achebe.html Page 13: http://salempress.com/store/samples/critical_insights/ things_fall_reception.htm Page 14: http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/things/themes.html Page 15: http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2013/03/22/175025166/chinua-achebe-nigerian-author-of-things-fall-apart-dies

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