S: Zach is cooler than Lindsey
BC: The End
FC: Children's Book!
2: Ancient River Vally Civilization | Once upon a time there was an ancient civilization that lived in Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and was known as the fertile crescent. There they supported themselves by farming and agriculture by irrigation and farmed on silt. Hammurabi made a set of 282 laws that carried forward an important idea in Mesopotamian civilization.
3: If the Mesopotamians had not learned to farm they would have stayed nomadic hunters. This would have led to poor record keeping and a much smaller population. The human population would not have thrived as well as it could have. | What if??
4: Greece was a small peninsula that was surrounded by many islands. Two main groups occupied Greece and they were the Spartans and the Athenians. Sparta was a military state unlike most of Greece and Athens being a city state. Athens set up a democracy. Rome began as a group of farmers and herders that grew into a large empire over time. With such a large gain so fast the gap between the rich and the poor grew which caused revolts. Julius Cesar became console and brought Rome back by leading with a triumvirate government. When he died Rome collapsed again. | Classical Greece/ Rome
5: If Athens had not embraced democracy, we probably would not have it now. Most countries throughout time based their democracies off Athens in hope of success. | What If??
6: Post Classical Africa/Asia | A major civilization in post classical Africa was the MAli empire. The Mali controlled almost all of the trade that passed through west Africa and the Sahara. The empire declined because of the fighting within the empire, and also military pressure from neighbors and nomads. During the post classical era, Asia expanded through trade, migration and conquests of neighboring areas. Empires such as the Han dynasty which established a centralized government, the Shang, Yuan, Ming and Tang thrived and declined. The Bantu migrations took place, spreading languages and ideas. the Mongols controlled the Silk Road, which served as a vital element to the economy of Europe and Asia.
7: If the Mongols had not operated the silk road to safe travel, then trade relationships between countries would have failed, and the economy would have declined. Also, mix of culture would not have taken place as quickly due to the intermarrying of different races. | What if??
8: Medieval Eurpope | Medieval Europe was a time of strong religion and the following of Chivalry. Religion was so big then that churches would go to war over Jerusalem, the holy land. These wars were known as Crusades. The Bubonic Plague was an epidemic that struck the world and killed one third of Western Europe's population. the plague led many away from their religion because the gods would not cure them from this disease. In the end Medieval Europe was a time of death.
9: If the black plague had never hit Europe then society would never have gone into the deep depression that was put upon them. People would have a different interpretation of their religions and the world population would be much greater. | What If??
10: Rnaissanc | THe Renaissance took place from 1300-1600. The word rebirth". It began in Italy, then eventually spread north throught europe. The classical Heritage of Greece and Rome had a major effect of the world and success of it's countries. New ideas such as humanism began to spread, along wth the importance of education. THese ideas were spread by Johannes Gutenberg's invention, the printing press. Society began to become secular, or very focused on worldly things.
11: What if?? | If Gutenberg had never created the printing press, then ideas such as humanism, and ideas that sparked the protestant reformation, would not have spread throughout Europe
12: Enlightenment | The Enlightenment was a time where philosophers tried to apply reason and science to all aspects of society. Philosophers such as Voltaire, John loke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau spread ideas such as social contract, natural rights, and seperation of powers Salons were a common place to pass time, and they played an important role in the spread and acceptance of enlightenment ideas throughout Europe, and eventually the American colonies.
13: What If?? | If Enlightenment ideas would never have been embraced by the colonists, then political leaders would not have had the motivation to persue freedom, and to =fight against the British. America would not have been created, and out founding fathers would not have had the motivation to fight for freedom.
14: In the early 1900's, nations across the world began to fight about land, economy and a lot of other things. Then, in 1914, a terrible war broke out. It was called the Great War, because it was the first war that involved almost the whole world. The world was divided into two powers, the Central Powers (Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, and Turkey), and The Allies. (US, Great Britain, France, and Italy) Trench Warfare was, used and Battles were fought on two major fronts, The Eastern Front and THe western Front. Propaganda was used to motivate and draft soldiers, and to increase national pride. Then in 1918, the war finally ended, and the Allies won! | WWI
15: If Germany had not been solely blamed for WWI, then most likely Germany would not have defied the treaty of Versailles, or if they would have been involved in the negotiations, it wouldn't have taken such a downward spiral as Hitler tried to restore their country. WWII possibly could have been prevented. | What if??
16: WWII | The Second World War was started by Germany in an unprovoked attack on Poland in 1939 because of the Treaty of Versailles. Britain and France declared war on Germany, and Hitler's Final Solution. The US became involved, led by Dwight D. Eisenhower, after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.. There were two sides. The Axis powers and The Allies. World War 2 ended with the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers on may 8, 1945, otherwise known as The Battle Of the Bulge
17: What if?? | Even after Japan had been defeated, the emperor still would not surrender. if the US wouldn't have dropped bombs on Japan, the allies would not of been able to take control of Japanese islands. Even if they had them under control of the military the Japanese people would have rebelled.
18: THe Cold War was the State of Diplomatic Hostility between the U.S and the Soviet union in the decades following WWII. We were opposed to communism, and in response to the Soviet's use of communism, Truman issued the Truman doctrine. The US formed a defensive military alliance called NATO, and in response the Soviets developed the Warsaw pact | The Cold War
19: What If?? | If the Soviet Union reached the moon first, then The united states would not have had the upper hand in outer space exploration.
20: Vocabulary! | Ancient- of or in time long past Irrigation- the artificial application of water to land to assist in the production of crops Silt- earthy matter, fine sand, or the like carried by moving or running water and deposited as sediment. Nomadic-a member of a people or tribe that has no permanent abode but moves about from place to place, usually seasonally and often following a traditional route or circuit according to the state of the pasturage or food supply. Peninsula- an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland. Democracy- government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system. Revolt- to break away from or rise against constituted authority, as by open rebellion. Triumvirate- a government of three officers or magistrates functioning jointly. Chivalry- the sum of the ideal qualifications of a knight, including courtesy, generosity, valor, and dexterity in arms. Crusades- any of the military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslims. Bubonic plague- a serious, sometimes fatal, infection with the bacterial toxin Yersinia pestis, transmitted by fleas from infected rodents and characterized by high fever, weakness, and the formation of buboes, especially in the groin and armpits. Epidemic- a rapid spread or increase in the occurrence of something. Renaissance- the activity, spirit, or time of the great revival of art, literature, and learning in europe beginning in the 14th century and extending to the 17th century, marking the transition from the medieval to the modern world. Humanism- any system or mode of thought or action in which human interests, values, and dignity predominate. Johannes Gutenberg - German printer: credited with invention of printing from movable type. Secular-of or pertaining to worldly things or to things that are not regarded as religious, spiritual, or sacred. Voltaire - French philosopher, historian, satirist, dramatist, and essayist. John Locke- English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience. Natural rights- any right that exists by virtue of natural law. Salons- an assembly of guests in such a room, especially an assembly, common during the 17th and 18th centuries, consisting of the leaders in society, art, politics, etc.
21: Allies. (US, Great Britain, France, and Italy) Trench Warfare- Form of warfare in which armies fought each other in trenches dug in battlefields. Eastern Front- The region along the German border, in World War I, where Serbs battled German's Austrians, and Turks. Propaganda- The appeal to emotion to persuade one to think or act in a certain way Final Solution- Hitlers attempt to perfect Germany, genocide Dwight D. Eisenhower- President of the US. Pearl Harbor- December 7, 1941. japan's attack on american base. Battle of the Bulge- final and succesful battle for the Allies in WWII The Cold war- State of diplomatic hostility between the US and Soviet union. NATO- Noth Atlantic Treaty Organization Truman doctrine- truman's support for all countries that rejected communism Warsaw Pact- soviet Alliance system