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S: A Walk Through Time

FC: A Walk Through Time | Ashley and Ashton

1: Ancient River Valley Civilization...........................................2 Classical Greece/Rome..........................................................4 Post-Classical Africa/Asia.....................................................6 Post-Classical (Medieval) Europe..........................................8 Renaissance/Reformation....................................................10 Enlightenment/Revolutions.................................................12 World War I.........................................................................14 World War II........................................................................16 Cold War..............................................................................18 | Table of Contents

2: Ancient people of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Israel, Indus River Valley, and China are known as those who started the earliest known records of civilization. All of these pre-historic civilization where established by rivers that supplied them with fresh drinking water, food, and when farming came about, allowed watering crops to be easier. When the Neolithic Era sprouted domesticating animals and farming where the new trend. As word gets around, different cultures began to diffuse between civilizations. Since culture played a big role, three out of the four of these early civilizations were polythestic, meaning they believe and many gods, while the Israelites were monothestic, in which they only believed in one God. | Ancient River Valley Civilizations

3: What if???? | What if people never learned how to farm? | Well, first things first, if people had not learned to farm, we would still be out hunting for food. Society would not be as technically advanced and not nearly as large. If people didn't die off quick enough, the hunters would end up killing off all the animals and the human race will disintegrate.

4: Classical Greece & Rome | Greece's polis' : Athens vs. Sparta Athens introduced the world's first democracy and its highest priority was education. Art, literature and philosophy where among the top aspects of of the Athenian society which later influenced the western world. Sparta had an oligarchy government and was built on having the best military. | When in Rome? Rome had a republic for a government which consisted of two parties: the patricians who were aristocratic landowners that obtained the most power, and the plebeians, who were the common man. Hundred years after having a republic, Rome spreads its power and becomes a large empire which results in the collapse of the republic.

5: What If? | What if Athens had not embraced democracy? | If Athens had not embraced democracy, then idealism of man would be much different. Mornarchy governments would still be the norm.

6: Post-Classical Asia & Africa | The Bantu-speaking people of the savanna south of the Sahara, moved southward throughout Africa making it to be one of the greatest migrations in history. | The Mongols of the Asian steppe began to conquer neighboring civiliations. by 1221, they conquered central Asia with the help of there leader, Genghis Khan. As he would take over, he would assimilate to the culture of those people. The people of along the silk road paid tribute to Genghis. | The Chinese revolt against the Mongol rule in China even though the Mongols brought prosperity into the country, The Chinese then practiced isolationism until the Japanese influenced otherwise.

7: What If? | What if the Mongols had not opened the Silk Road to safe travels? | If the Mongols had not opened the Silk Road to safe travels, then goods could not have been transported from Asia to Europe and ideas from the western world would not have been spread to Asia.

8: Medieval Europe | By the end of the 5th century, many different Germanic groups overran the western half of the Roman Empire. Resulting in disruption of trade, downfall of cities and population shifts.The common language of Latin is now lost as different dialects that deprived from Latin began to arise. With the change in language comes the schism of religion. As the crusaders diffuesed ideas from place to place, religious tolerance grows. With the invasions of crusaders, people want protection from there government. This leads to a feudalist society. Then comes the knights who practice their chvalrous acts.

9: What If??? | What if the Black Plague did not attack Western Europe? | If the Black Plague did not attack Western Europe, then people wouldn't have looked to the Church for answers, which lead to them revolting.

10: Renaissance & Reformation | The European Renaissance was the rebirth of art and learning from the classical heritage of Greece and Rome. Scholars during this time period studied classical texts that led to humanism, the focus of human potential and achievements. While most remained devoted to their Catholic religion whereas, basic society became secular, more worried about wordly things rather than spiritual. While beautifing Rome, Popes began to spend huge amounts of money and become patrons of the arts. During the spread of Renaissance ideas, problems sprout up. Since everybody was big on having lavish things, Johann Tetzel raised money to rebuild St. Peter's Cathedral, but instead of doing a fundraiser, he sold indulgences which released a sinner from performing penalty.The secular beliefs now interfere with the Church which causes a Reformation.

11: What If? | What if Gutenberg hadn't invented the printing press? | If Gutenberg hadn't invented the printing press, then the advancement of media and news would be at a stand still. Mass production for books, newspapers, etc would have been surpressed.

12: The Enlightenment Ideas began in the 1600s with two political Englishmen, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke who experienced the turmoil of England early in the century. With their clever ides, they both had very different views on human nature and government. Hobbes believed that all humans were born wicked, government needed to keep order, and started the social contract in the belief that if you give up individual rights, you are creating a more organized society and government. On the other hand, Locke believed that people could learn and improve themselves and as human beings, have the natural ability to govern their own affairs and look after the welfare of society.He favored the idea of self government. He believed that all people are born free and equal, with three natural rights- life, liberty, and property. All of the great philosophers advocated reason, nature, happiness, progress, and liberty. One of the most brilliant influential philosophers was Voltaire, who published more than 70 books of political essays, philosophy, history, fiction, and drama. Another influential French writer was by the name of Montesquieu who called the division of power among different branches the separation of powers. The impact of Enlightenment challenged long-held ideas about society. These great ideas inspired the American Revolution, French revolution, and other long-term effects that helped shape Western civilization.

13: What If? | What if the Enlightenment ideas were not embraced by the colonists? | If the Enlightenment ideas were not embraced by the colonists, then America would not have gained it's independence from Britain as swiftly as they did. The enlightenment ideas allowed colonist to reach out for answers to there problems.

14: WWI was a major war centered on Europe that began in 1914 and ended in 1918. It involved the worlds greatest powers separated into two groups. The Allies and the Central Powers. Th start of the war was because of many secret alliances and the death of the Archduke, triggering a domino effect where everyone had to make up for their alliances and join the war. The domino effect is if one country turns towards one thing, others will follow. The United States later joined when Russia dropped out because of several reasons including the Zimmerman Note, the unristricted submarine warfare, the sinking of the Luisitania, and the russians pulling out to deal with there own problems. It was Germanys fault according to the Treaty of Versailles which is the peace treaty signed by Germany and the Allied powers after WWI. When WWI finally ended, Germany had to pay for the entire war, destroying their economy and stripped their army.

15: What If? | What If Germany had not been solely blamed for WWI? | If Germany had not been solely blamed for WWI, then Hitler could have become even more destructive because there set back wouldn't have been as significant. Many countries would not have there independence and war would have sprouted more frequently.

16: WWII was first started by Germany because they had a non aggression pact with Russia and then they invaded Poland. The French and the British first tried to use appeasement which meant to satisfy Hitler so that he wouldn't take anymore form them although he still did so France and Britian declared war on them. By the time they came to attack, Hitler was ready for them and beat them. He then tried to invade Britain but his forces were defeated. After this war, he broke his non aggression pack with Russia and went to war with them, involving two fronts.At this time he had two axis powers which were Italy and Japan. Japan ultimately impacted Pearl Harbor which is was brought us into WWII. At the end of the war, Britain, Germany, Italy, and Japan were defeated by the Allies who were Russia, the US, and Britain.

17: What If?? | What if the U.S had not dropped the Atomic Bomb on Japan? | If the U.S had not dropped the Atomic bomb on Japan then the war would have lasted much longer than it did. Japan wouldn't have surrendered as soon and there would have been more American casualties.

18: The Cold war was more of an intimidation between Russia and United States over nuclear weapons and becoming a detyrant. The closes they ever got to war was the Cuban Missle Crisis which was when Russia put nuclear weapons in Cuba. They agreed to take them out because everyone was afraid of huge damage since nuclear weapons were so powerful. During the Cold war, there was the Korean war and the Vietnam war. In these wars, we did not directly fight Russia but we fought supporters of Russia. The Cold war did not have a defined ending but thawed during the early 1990s because of the collapse of the Soviet Union.

19: What If?? | What if the Soviet Union had landed on the moon first and not the United States? | If the Soviet Union landed on the moon first and not the United States, then the Russians would have had a great advantage over the U. S. because they were already so far ahead in the lunar space program. The ego's of Americans wouldn't have been boasted but the race to see who was better would have still continued.

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