FC: What If? | Jacob Colombo Gus Shaqaidef
1: Table of Contents | Page 2: Ancient River Valley Civilization Page 4: Classical Greece/Rome Page 6: World War I Page 8: World War II page 10: Cold war page 12: medieval Europe Page 14: post classical Asia/Africa Page 16: renaissance/reformation Page 18: Enlightenment/Revolutions
2: The Ancient River Valley Civilizations were scattered south of Europe and south of Asia. They were also famous for inventing technologies such as the use of metal and copper, glass making and many other technologies that we use today. Refered to as the first scientific revolution, the study of astronomy and astrology dated back to this time. During this time, people thought there was a purpose to everything in astronomy and most of them related to religions. Then there were people who focused on Agriculture. Because of the geography of Mesopotamia, agriculture could only work under irrigation and good drainage. Some cities were built on the edges of rivers to provide nutrients benefits to the farmers.
3: What if people had not learned how to farm? – If people had not learned how to farm the people of the Ancient River Valley may not have survived as long as they had. Agriculture was one of the most efficient and easiest way to produce food for themselves. This might have changed they way they find food possibly by hunting or scavenging.
4: Classical Greece flourished during the 5th and 4th centuries BC. During 510 BC, a man named Cleisthenes who was an aristocrat in Athens invented the democratic government. He came up with the idea to give poor people more power. He decided that every man would get one vote and all meet to vote on what to do. This meeting was called the Assembly. He might have tried to be fair but he gave his family for voting power than anyone else. Then years later, they were attacked by the Persians. This was a big threat because the Persians were one of the greatest fighters. The Atheniens took the fight up to the city of Marathon. They thought they would lose but with a new strategy, they were able to win.
5: What if Athens had not embraced democracy? – If Athens did not embrace democracy, the whole city could have been destroyed or overtaken by the Persians in 490 BC. The reasoning behind this is that the people felt more respected under a democracy and that they had an equal part in the city. This caused them to listen to the orders of the leader and work together to defend their city. If this had stayed as an Oligarchy government, then people might not feel as respected and feel worthless. This might have caused them not to obey the orders of their leader and not try and defend their city.
6: On June 28 1914 the assasination ofArchduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria while in Serbia is what started world war 1, followed by German invasions of Belgium, Luxembourg, and France. The war was fought using trench warfare. Trenches are long ditches dug by soldiers to provide cover. Conditions in the trenches were poor, dead bodies covered the ground along with rats, mud, and there is little to no food. World war 1 is considered the second deadliest war in western history due to the technological advances in chemical warfare or the use of chemicals as weapons. Chemicals such as mustard gas, a deadly gas created by Germans, could be sprayed upon an area and completely wipe out an entire army from the chemicals. The war was thought to be a quick battle but ended up being a 4 year war from 1914 ending in 1918 when Allie forces drove back the German army. The Germans agreed to cease-fire on November 11, 1918. | World War 1
7: What if? | What if the Austrian heir to the thrown had not been assassinated? | If the Austrian heir had not been assassinated then war would not have been so large scale. The assassination caused a huge amount of tension between Austria and Serbia, thus causing war but without the assassination then world war 1 would not have happened. Thousands of people fighting for their countries would have still had their lives instead of dying on the battle fields
8: World war two is considered the most deadly war in human history. The Holocaust alone in blamed for 11 million deaths and an estimated 60 million people died throughout the entire war. The Holocaust was an act by Hitler and the German army to get rid of any one Hitler did not see value in. Many Jews, gypsies, gays, and disabled lost their lives or were sent to concentration camps and put to work until their deaths. The actual war was started on September 1, 1939 with the German invasion of Poland. The united states decided to remain neutral in the war, but later joined the allies after the bombing of pearl harbor. Pearl harbor took place on December 7, 1941 and was an attempt by japan to keep the U.S. from interfering with their attack on china. 5 years after the war started, the Allie forces performed the attack known as D-Day which halted axis powers in northern and southern France and led to a successful defeat of the German divisions in Italy. As a war was coming to a close the U.S. dropped two atomic bombs on Japanese cities and the war was declared to be over on September 2, 1945. | World War 2
9: What If? | What if the U.S. had not dropped the atomic bombs on japan? | If the U.S. had not dropped bombs on the Japanese, we may have had bombs dropped on us first and this would have caused our whole country to be different then how it is today. We would have been overtaken by the Axis powers after the bombing during our time of weakness. Not only would we be taken over but i believe that we would also be a communist government or a dictatorship and cease to see the freedom we are given.
10: The cold war started shortly after world war II, in 1946 it had officially been named the cold war. It was a dispute between the U.S. and soviet union where no countries openly fought each other because they were afraid of what they were capable of. As the tension rose, so did the number of countries involved. Soon it was a dispute between Communist and the non communist war. Nuclear weapons were made by both sides, enough to devastate the world but was never actually launched, but instead the two sides continued to one up each other on who could obtain the more powerful weapons. This conflict officially ended in 1991 with the downfall of communism. | The Cold War
11: What If? | If the soviet union had landed on the moon first, communism would have proven to be more superior than ourselves. The world would have fallen under communist control and the soviet union would have taken over the United States. Also more countries would be interested in the technology that the communist states than ours and would have made new alliances between countries. | What if the Soviet union had landed on the moon first and not the United States?
12: Medieval Europe | Often referred to as the dark ages, very little documentation came from this time period. Empires were run by kings, Castles covered the landscape, and cities built behind towering walls protecting them were the normal to be seen in this time.Long gruesome wars were fought and vast empires covered the world much different than what our maps look like today.The crusades were on a mission to turn people to christianity through the use of force, often destroying whole towns. Death was everywhere in this era. The bubonic or often called black plague was being spread throughout the nation killing almost 50 percent of its population. Many people turned to the church for answers and believed god would help them, but as more people died daily their faith began to wear out and interest in the church had faded. This had an impact on culture and society as well. Most literature and art from this time were about death and the struggle that people were going through in Europe.
13: What If? | What if the black plague did not attack western Europe? | The world would be more substantially populated. Not only that but history itself would be very different than it is. Our world leaders might have been different, maybe hitler wouldnt have been in power and there would be no world wars. Maybe we would be less advanced or the bubonic plague would have happpened at a later time in life and in a different area of the world .
14: Post classical Africa/Asia | During the post classical period, following the decline of the great classical empires of Asia and the Mediterranean, many more parts of Asia and Africa were being migrated too. The spread of Major world religions such as islam, one of the most widely practiced religions in the world, were just starting to be spread in these areas. The chinese silk road was also developed opening opportunities for merchants to safely travel to trade for new products. This also gave new countries undescovered technology to bring back shaping the world as we have it today.
15: What if? | What if the mongols had not opened the silk road to safe travels? | If the silk road was not opened, the world as we know it would be far less technologically advanced than it is today. All the silks for clothing, and all the products shared through the silk road would have never been shared and only sections of the world would have them. China would be far mor advanced than any other part of the world is.
16: Renaissance/Reformation | The Renaissance or "rebirth", was the time period where cultural and technological advances were being made to improve or "rebirth" greece and rome. During this time reform leaders began humanism or the study of literature and rhetoric from classical times which brought up some great new inventions and discoveries about humans through the study of humanism and the world around them. The Reformation also stirred questions about religion and god. As people were becoming more educated they began questioning the church and making decisions on their own. The Gutenburg printing press was a major invention of this time allowing writing to be made in bulk and made bibles available to the public for everyone to read.
17: What if? | What if Gutenburg hadn't invented the printing press? | If Gutenburg's printing press had not been invented, there would be no way to recieve new information or news from around the world. What happens in our town would be all that we knew of the world. Literature would also be less available making our society dumber and less advanced. Without the printing press we would be an uneducated and moronic society.
18: Enlightenment/Revolutions | During the 18th century the enlightenment era emerged as social, literature, and political movement. Enlightenment is what was thought as as leaving the dark and ignorant times of their past. The enlightenment thinkers studied science, life, and the goodness and sinful ways of humankind. They believed in goodness of humans rather than in religion and questioned the church and religions. At the time the church was very influential and powerful in peoples daily life so enlightenment thinkers were deemed as dangerous. Meanwhile new inventions were being made to ease daily life and work in factories. The industrial revolution was a boom of increase in factory work and produced a change in agriculture, mining, transportation and technology. Starting in the United Kingdom, the revolution quickly spread throughout Europe. Many of the most important inventions came out during this era and can still be used today such as steam engines and iron making. Although the new jobs for factory work opened up opportunities to make money, factories were in poor condition. Child labor and abuse were pushed to the extremes by using them for very dangerous jobs for little pay. Families were split due to long hours, and very little food was given. Jobs were dangerous and dirty but were needed to build the society we live in today.
19: What if? | What if Industrial revolutions had started in Germany or Russia? | If the industrial revolution had been started in Germany or Russia, i believe they would hold way more power and influence in the world then they currently do in the world. The industrial revolution brought in lots of money from other countries interested in the products made in the factories. If this was being done in Germany then we would have had to go to them for products we need thus making them in control of trade and making our relationship having to be that of an Allie to them.