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Classic Mixbook

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BC: The End

FC: By:Amanda Friedman Period 8 | Shakespeare and his Elizabethan England

1: Geography | * England: the strip of land surrounded by water, (mostly the Atlantic Ocean,) on all sides but one. This allows for foreign interactions, trade, and also, invasion. Towards the northern part, it is extremely mountainous, where as in the more southern region, the land is flatter, (except for around the border.) The smoother land in the center is where many of the populated cities are located. | * To the right of England is the North sea which, mainly during the Elizabethan era, was a transportation passageway. England is part of western Europe and is in close proximity to the large countries of Germany and France.

2: Geography Continued... | One way in which humans adjusted to the environment was by creating/riding specific forms of transportation that allowed them to get around quickly as well as efficiently on the different types of terrain. The ships they built enabled them to easily cross bodies of water, and the horses they rode enabled them to move across miles of flat land in a shorter amount of time than walking would.

3: Religion | * Many Christians during the era believed in witchcraft and the use of black magic. It was common to blame out-of-the-ordinary events and all other negative outcomes of any random happening, on the town "witches," (those who were accused of practicing the dark magic.) Some were deeply convinced that the devil had possessed the alleged "witches'" souls. Many innocent people's lives were ruined due to the false convictions against them...

4: Religion Continued... | This is a painting of one of the first grand Protestant churches that existed within England. Years before the Elizabethan area again, Protestants were persecuted against for practicing a form of Christianity that slightly varied from the commonly practiced form: Catholicism. The Protestants deeply wanted to allow for the ideas of one of their leaders, Martin Luther, to spread. This upset the Catholics and caused a violent outbreak. Yet, when Queen Elizabeth came to the throne, she brought peace with her and calmed the tension. She also made Protestantism the official religion.

5: Religion Continued... | * Catholicism was what most people of the Elizabethan England period partook in. Ever since the split of the powerful Roman Empire, when the western half became the Holy Roman Empire and the eastern became the Byzantine, this religion had been the most popular. (Roman Catholic) | * The Catholic churches were grand, decorated, and very upper-class.

6: All things grow better with love. | ACHIEV EMENTS

7: Leonardo da Vinci's Inventions: | Leonardo, (as seen in the picture to the left,) lived around the time of the "Shakespeare era;" a time in which his creations flourished and became extremely popular in England. | Examples- * Airplane *Helocopter *Parachute *submarine *armored car *rapid fire guns

8: Achievements Continued... | * The horizontal water water wheel was invented to turn flowing water into usable power. Today, they closely resemble the economically friendly water turbines. | * The flush toilet was created to dispose of waste into a sewer through a series of pipes rather than leaving it in one area located within ones home, etc... This invention helped decrease the spread of diseases. | * The knitting machine was invented with the purpose of speeding up the usually long process of knitting. Cloths were produced at a quicker pace.

9: Politics | * | * Queen Elizabeth I was the head of the government during this time and had control over all that inhabited England, (to some extent.) She enforced the restoration of Protistant Christianity, and allowed England to extend its exploration as well as trade. | * The pope, along side the queen, was an extremely powerful man as far as politics and religion went. He, as some citizens saw it, almost had held more power in his hands, for since dating back to the beginning of the Holy Roman Empire, religious leaders always had a higher status than emperors, (queens/kings.) Higher status= more of a say in government...

10: Politics Continued... | Facts About Government Laws | * Laws of punishment were especially strict due to Queen Elizabeth's and the government underneath her's desire to keep all in order. Those who killed, stole, and/or shared their negative opinions about England's rule ,were sent to die. This would often be done in rather embarrassing ways. | What political leaders had no tolerance for: * High Treason * Sedition * Spying * Rebellion * Witchcraft *Blasphemy *Alchemy

11: Economy | The economy of England throughout the era relied on trade with other continents. Mostly, England would export herbs, honey, preservable dairy products, lamb, cow, bird and fish meat. In return, they received products such as tomatoes from Mexico/ Central America, kidney beans from Peru, and chili peppers from the New World. Vanilla, pineapples, peanuts, lima beans, corn, coffee, and pumpkins were also introduced to England during this time. The world wide trading allowed for the creation of a thriving economy.

12: Economy Continued... | COINAGE | Silver Coins: d=penny/pence *Half penny=1/2d *Three farthings=3/4d *Penny=1d *Half-groat=2d *Half-crown=2 1/2d *Threepence=3d *Groat=4d *Sixpence=6d *Half-shilling=6d *Shilling=12d ETC... | Gold Coins: s=shilling *Quarter-angel=2s 6d *Half-crown=2s 6d *Half-angel=5s *Crown=5s *Angel=10s *Half-sovereign=10s *Half-pound=10s *Ryal=15s *Pound=20s *Heavy-sovereign=30s

13: * Depending on what class you were in, you received a certain amount of pay; of money to support children, send in taxes, and afford food. The nobles who worked directly for the royals and the government were given the most, (even if their duties required the least amount of physical labor,) and the lower-working class were given the least, (even though their duties were of the hardest.) | Society | *In society, multiple different classes existed that segregated the public. First there was the royal class, then the noblemen, the merchants, the parsons, the carpenters, and lastly, the laborers. The division among the people led to various lifestyles; completely different from one another.

14: Society Continued... | * Women living during the era, besides Queen Elizabeth, had little to no power in society. They had to follow the orders of men and spend their lives just trying to be invisible. Their goal was not to get in the way. | * Men living during the era were extremely fortunate in the sense that their voices got to be heard and they were allowed to partake in all different types of public events. They were given the opportunity to participate in the government, (some,) as well the chance to make a name for themselves. Men were the head of the households and society.

15: Information Sources | *http://www.william-shakespeare.info/elizabethan-crime-punishment.htm *http://thelostcolony.org/education/Students/History/Elizabethan_Food.htm *http://historymedren.about.com/library/atlas/blatmapce1555.htm *http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-witchcraft-and-witches.htm *http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-life.htm *http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/Library/SLT/society/index.html *http://thelostcolony.org/education/Students/History/Elizabethan_England.htm *http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/Library/SLT/history/index.html

16: Image Sources | *http://www.pbs.org/shakespeare/navimgv2/mapthing.jpg *http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://thelostcolony.org/education/Students/History/Map *http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.leelofland.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads *http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.lambethpalacelibrary.org/files/Lambeth_Palce__painting_of_Mortons *http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://1.bp.blogspot.com *http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://chestofbooks.com/crafts/scientific-american/XL-13/ *http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.crimeculture.com/earlyunderworlds/Images/Sadstocks *http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://1.bp.blogspot.com *http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.melfisher.org/exhibitions/henriettamarie/traderoute.jpg *http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://needleprayse.webcon.net.au/research/images

17: Shakespeare: At the Beginning | * William was born in 1564, in Stratford-Upon-Avon during the Elizabethan era in England. He was one of eight children in the Shakespeare family; a family that was upper-middle class and wealthy enough to support for more than the common necessities. | * William's father, John Shakespeare, was a popular figure in town as one of the government council members. He made a name for himself by practicing politics, as well as enough money to spoil his loved ones at home. He had come a long way from making gloves, (the profession he had fallen into previously.) | * William's mother, Mary Arden Shakespeare, was a housewife who stayed home to take care of all eight of her offspring each day. Before hand, she worked at the farm that her father had left for her. When her husband was able to make a more substantial salary, she no longer had to preform physical labor.

18: Shakespeare: During the Childhood | * Christianity, for Shakespeare, was a large part of growing up. Though his country was indecisive on what the official branch of Christianity would be, his family was strictly Catholic. (No matter what was occurring politically.) He went to church each week and for every special occasion. | * School took up most of the time in his childhood. William attended school six days a week, from six in the morning to five at night. The education was endless, as well as high class, (his family could afford the best.) | * When he was younger, the literature he was exposed to greatly influenced his later plays.

19: Shakespeare: Marriage and Children | Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, a woman six years older than him. With her , he had three children: Susanna(the first,) and then twins Judith and Hamnet. (Hamnet died at age 11 of unknown causes.) As William's career as a playwright started to take off, he moved to London from Stratford-Upon-Avon to persue his dreams even farther. London would give his plays the spotlight they needed.

20: Shakespeare: The Famous Occupations: | * At the very beginning of his career, Shakespeare was an actor in the traveling group called the "Kings Men." They preformed for royalty and all over England. (plays were mostly political ones.) | * Shakespeare wrote sonnets in his spare time and in some cases, wrote whole collections! His poems were not as famous as his plays and are still unknown by many currently. | * When William discovered his talent for playwriting, he soon discovered the ultimate fame. His plays continue to be preformed all over the world today.

21: Shakespeare: His Globe Theatre and His Plays: | *The Globe Theatre was the theatre Shakespeare purchased and made into a palace for his plays. It was a circular theatre that showcased his creations as well as a few others. All in London were welcomed to the theatre, but of course, only if they payed to view. The Globe brought in quite a bit of profit for William. | * Some of his most famous plays were preformed at his theatre; and it was there that most were viewed for the first time by the public. His plays included "Romeo and Juliet," "Hamlet," "Macbeth,' etc... Though he wrote multiple ones, all of them fell into one of three categories: Tragedy, Comedy, or History.

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