S: American Revolution
BC: The End
FC: American Revolution
1: People: Dorna Mansouri | Causes: Courtney Darling | Events: Marissa Phillips | A New Beginning: Lauren Finamore
2: Name- Button Gwinnett DOB- Circa 1732-1735; DOD- May 19, 1777 “Side”- Americans/Continentals Contributions/Best Known For- Signed Declaration of Independence, Represented GA at the Continental Congress Life After War- He was challenged to a duel against his rival, Lachlan McIntosh on May 16, 1777. Both men were severely wounded, but McIntosh had miraculously survived. Gwinnett died 3 days later due to the injuries he had suffered from. | Name- George Walton DOB- 1741; DOD- February 2, 1804 “Side”- Americans/Continentals Contributions/Best Known For- Signed the Declaration of Independence, Represented GA at the Continental Congress Life After War- He was elected as the Governor of GA in 1779 and was reelected in 1789. Later, he retired to farming at died at the age of 64.
3: Name- Lyman Hall DOB-April 12, 1724; DOD- October 19, 1790 “Side”- Americans/ Continentals Contributions/Best Known For- Signed the Declaration of Independence, Represented GA at the Continental Congress Life After War- Elected to the House of Assembly and then became Governor of GA in 1783, also served one year as a judge. Afterwards, he returned to his personal life and participated in the continued development of agriculture in the state. Later, he died in 1790 at the age of 66. | Name- Nancy Hart DOB- Circa 1735; DOD- Circa 1830 “Side”- Americans/ Continentals Contributions/ Best Known For- GA heroine who killed two British soldiers; only woman to have a county in GA named after her Life After War- She and her family moved to Brunswick in the late 1780’s. After Nancy’s husband died shortly after they had just moved, she relocated her family back to her Broad River, but her cabin had been destroyed by a flood. Hart spent her last years in Henderson County, Kentucky where her son had taken her and their family to live near relatives.
4: Name- Paul Revere DOB- January 1, 1735; DOD- May 10, 1818 “Side”- Americans/ Continentals Contributions/Best Known For- Engraved the famous Boston Massacre picture, famous for his “Midnight Ride” call that the British were exceeding to Concord Life After War- Opened a hardware/home goods store and became interested in metalwork beyond gold and silver. He had many business ideas and plans but did not have enough money to support them. He later died in 1818 at the age of 83. | Name- Elijah Clarke DOB- 1733; DOD- December 15, 1799 “Side”- Americans/Continentals Contributions/Best Known For- Leader of the Georgian Patriots at the Battle of Kettle Creek Life After War- He fought against the Indians in 1781. Later, he received a plantation and retired as Brigadier General. Afterwards, he was involved in several schemes to solve land issues but later died in 1799 at the age of 66.
5: Name- Thomas Jefferson DOB- April 13, 1743; DOD- July 4, 1826 “Side”- Americans/ Continentals Contributions/ Best Known For- Primary author of the Declaration of Independence, founded the University of Virginia, and became the 3rd president of the USA Life After War- Retired from office in 1808. He continued his life's work and later reunited with his longtime friend, James Madison, to work together in establishing the University of Virginia. He also created many establishments such as the Library of Congress. Jefferson died at the age of 83 on the 4th of July as the nation celebrated the 50th anniversary of his spectacular Declaration. | Name- George Washington DOB- February 22, 1732; DOD- December 14, 1799 “Side”- Americans/Continentals Contributions/Best Known For- Commanding officer of the Continentals during the American Revolution, and became the 1st president of the USA Life After War- He became the 1st president of the USA. He left office in March 1797 and became commander of the army during the unsettled war against the French but was very inactive in that position. Later, he contracted a minor case of laryngitis and had become very ill. He died soon afterwards at his estate in 1799 at the age of 67.
6: Name- John Treutlen DOB- January 16, 1734; DOD- March 1, 1782 “Side”- Americans/ Continentals Contributions/ Best Known For- Became the first Governor of GA; helped write the US constitution Life After War-He retired from politics in 1778. After the British burned down his home in GA, he fled to South Carolina where 5 men set fire to his new home and killed him in full view of his family. | Name- John Hancock DOB- January 12, 1723; DOD- October 8, 1793 “Side”- Americans/Continentals Contributions/ Best Known For- Represented Massachusetts at the Continental Congress; Signed Declaration of Independence; Largest signature on the document Life After War- Became 1st and then 3rd governor of Massachusetts and then resigned in 1785. He ran for vice president of the US in 1789, but only got 4 votes, making him lose. He spent his last few years as a figurehead governor and died in 1793 at the age of 56.
7: Bibliography | ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association. 4 Jul. 1995. Web. 4 Oct. 2011. Google images. Google. Web. 4 Oct. 2011. Revolutionary People Sheet.
8: THE BOSTON TEA PARTY The Boston Tea PArty occurred on November 1773. Colonists dressed like Indians went on British ships, and dumped tea into the Boston Harbor. The Boston Tea Party led to the consequence of the Intolerable Acts, which were only held in Massachusetts. | THE BOSTON MASSACRE The Boston Massacre occurred on March 5, 1770. It started because the colonists and the British( Redcoats) were throwing insults at each other. The colonists were taunting the British. The British started to fire at the colonists, and of them died. One of them was Crispus Attucks, the first person to die for independence for America.
9: What's the Sugar Act? The Sugar Act occurred on 1764. The Sugar Act was when Britain taxed sugar and molasses. | What was its effect on Georgia? Georgia traded a lot with sugar-producing countries such as Jamaica and Barbados. The Sugar Act made them only trade with certain countries. | The picture above is a sugar refinery .
10: THE STAMP ACT The Stamp Act occurred in 1765. The Stamp Act was when Britain put taxes on anything made out of paper. For example, wills, marriage and death documents, diplomas, newspapers, etc. A stamp was required to show that the tax had been paid. | JOIN, OR DIE The Join, or Die slogan drawn by Benjamin Franklin, was known as the first political cartoon. Each part of the snake represents a state except for N.E. The head of the snake represents New England.
11: Bibliography | "Sugar Act." Photograph. Bing Images. Web. 6 Oct 2011.
12: The Battle of Yorktown was between the colonies and Great Britain. This battle took place in Yorktown, Virginia. George Washington led the American Army. General Lord Cornwallis led the British Army. The American Army was helped by the French. They surrounded the British and captured many of their soldiers. General Cornwallis had to surrender. It took two days to figure out a negotiation, and General Cornwallis had to surrender. The United States and Great Britain’s negotiation ended in the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
13: In 1779 the French and Americans arrived at Tybee Island. They combined their armies to try and capture the city of Savannah. They were not able to capture Savannah. Savannah remained in the hands of the British for 3 1/2 more years. | In 1779 the colonies won the Battle of Kettle Creek. This event boosted their spirit. The army was led by Colonel Elijah Clarke. This was not considered a large battle, but it did make the colonists feel better. The colonists also got needed supplies from the British. These supplies included weapons horses.
14: The Battle of Lexington and Concord took place in Lexington and Concord Massachusetts. It happened in the year 1775. This battle was between the colonists and Great Britain. The British were told to capture and destroy military supplies. The Americans found out about this raid and moved most of the supplies. The British was pushed back by minutemen, but still managed to destroy some weapons and supplies. | The Battle of Saratoga took place in Saratoga County, New York, in 1777. The British wanted to take control of the Hudson River. The American army surrounded the British at Saratoga. The British had no choice but to surrender. This was an important win for the Americans. The colonists now supported the fight for independence. This win also influenced the French to join the fight on the colonies’ side.
15: The American Revolution. n.p., n.d.. Web. 6 Oct. 2011. The Battle of Saratoga. Saratoga County Chamber of Commerce, 1999. Web. 6 Oct. 2011. Notes XII- XIII | Bibliography:
16: One major problem was that the central government could not get the states to obey any laws. It also did not have the power to tax or enforce any laws. They had no national or state army or navy. A big problem if they were attacked. Another problem was that they had no strong leadership. The reason for this is because they just came free from a super powerful country. And last but not least they put a tax on trading between states which was hard to do considering each state could have a different type of currency. The currency was practically meaningless. It is like paying for a flag in Monopoly money. | Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation | Take my money! But this is the only money I have! | NO! I am not giving you this paper for the money you have. Your Monopoly is useless.
17: Our government is broken up into three branches: The Executive branch, The Judicial Branch, and The Legislative Branch. The Executive Branch is made up of the President, Vice President, and Executive Department. The Judicial Branch is a system of courts made to protect the rights of citizens. The Legislative Branch is there to make and pass laws and to represent the people. The Legislative Branch had a problem way back then. The states were debating how many representatives should be there from each state. Smaller states decided that they wanted an equal amount of representatives, while the larger states wanted to have more representatives for the larger population. This was resolved by The Great Compromise. The Legislative branch would be split up into two separate houses, The Senate and The House of Representatives. The Senate would have two representatives per state and The House of Reps. would be determined by the states population. | The Basic Structure of the U.S. Constitution
18: The Basic Structure of Georgia’s Constitution | Revisions, Revisions, Revisions | Georgia’s new Constitution states that its Capitol was Augusta. Soon to be changed to Atlanta. In 1788 and 1789 the delegates met in its capitol to justify its state Constitution. The changes were made to fit the national Constitution. The U.S. Constitution and Georgia’s Constitution has been added to several times. Georgia’s Constitution has been changed a whopping TEN times. The last revision was in 1983. There were three branches now even though the powers were not balanced.
19: Georgia's two Constitutional Convention Leaders. | William Few | Abraham Baldwin
20: Articles of Confederation | U.S. Constitution and Articles of Confederation | U.S Constitution
21: Lauren's Bibliography | Teaching American History. Verizon Foundation. 2010. Web. 9 Oct 2011. | Social Studies. Page 1. Keystone National Middle School. 2008. Web. 9 Oct 2011. | Mellichamp, Josephine. Biographical Directory of the United States. n.p. 2011. Web. 9 Oct 2011. | Matchette, Robert B. National Archives. Volume 3. National Archives and Records Administration. 1995. Web. 9 Oct 2011. | Georgia Historical Society. U.S Institute of Museum and Library Services .n.d. Web. 9 Oct 2011. | Constitution Day. Wikipedia. 2010. Web. 9 Oct 2011. | Ashleigh, Winkie. Angel Learning Management System. N.p. N.d. Web. 9 Oct 2011. | Adnan Hussaini. “The Second Continental Congress.” Adnan Hussaini’s Weblog. WordPress. Web. 2011.