S: The Cold War
FC: The Cold War | A review of the the main events and people of the cold war
1: By: Danette Singh
2: Collapse of Communism: | Key Description: the spread of communism ended after a seris of meetings between the USSR and United States.
3: Key Terms: Star Wars: This was a treaty between the United States and the USSR. Star wars was when the two countries agreed to explode some of their atomic weapons in space. Berlin Wall: separated communist East Germany and democratic West Germany. Detente: A cooling of relations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Key People: Mikhail Gorbachev: Last leader of Communist USSR. The end of his term as leader marked the official end of communism. Ronald Reagan: Convinced Gorbachev to end the cold war and stop the production of atomic weapons. Margaret Thatcher: Prime Minister of Britain when the cold war ended. She traded hoping that the capitalistic ways would help end Communism in the Soviet Union
6: Containment: | Key Descriptions The Domino effect was a theory that stated if one country was to fall to communism, then many other countries would fall in response. This theory was one of the reasons the U.S. fought so hard to prevent the spread of Communism. The Soviet Union was the main communist country that was attempting to spread communism to the rest of the world. Therefore, this country was the primary enemy of the United States. Our policy of containment obligated the United States to join several wars, including the Korean and Vietnam wars.
7: Key Terms Nato: Nato stands for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The organization was a mutual defense pact formed by Allied nations against the Communist axis nations. Truman Doctrine: This Doctrine stated President Truman's beliefs on communism and firmly stated that the U.S. was against communism. The doctrine also explained that the U.S. would be dedicted to stopping the spread of communism at all costs. Marshall Plan: The Marshall Plan was the large-scale American program to Europe where the United States sent them monetary support to help rebuild European economies in order to combat the spread of communism. Key People President Harry Truman: President Truman was a huge proponent of the U.S. containment policy. He was one of the founders of NATO and also made the Truman Doctrine, which firmly stated that the U.S. would do everything it could to stop the spread of communism. President Lyndon B. Johnson: Johson was a strong advocate of the containment policy and this support of anti-communism was the reason the U.S. entered the Vietnam War. John F. Kennedy: President in favor of anti-communism policy. He prompted the Bay of Pigs and other attacks against Cuba because they were communist.
10: Key Descriptions The 38th parallel was the line between the two countries when the war began. After the war, this line was virtually the same, no land had been lost or gained. U.S. forces landed at the city of Pusan to aid S. Koreans that were being pushed back rapidly. The battle of Inchon turned the tide of the war back in favor of the Southern Koreans, and saved Korea from becoming Communist. An Armistice was signed to stop fighting, but a true peace treaty was never actually signed. | Korean War:
11: Key Terms Seoul: The capital of South Korea. This city changed hands several times in the war between North and South Korea. 38th parallel: This line of latitude marked the general dividing line of North and South Korea. Inchon: site of a battle that turned the tide of the war in favor of the South Koreans, pushing back the Communists. Key People Kim Il Sung: Communist leader of North Korea during the war Douglas MacArthur: Leader of U.S. forces during the war. Was removed when he questioned the command of President Truman Syngman Rhee: First President of S. Korea who helped lead the South Koreans in the war.
14: Cold War: | Key Descriptions: The cold war was the next war after WWII. It pitted the U.S. against the Soviet Union and the threat of nuclear missiles was close to starting a third world war. After the war, communism was a type of government that replaced nazism as the U.S.'s primary threat. The U.S. would soon do everything it could to stop the spread of this evil system (see containment)
15: Key Terms Warsaw Pact: An alliance of mostly communist nations led by the Soviet Union and Germany. Communism: A type of government where all people are equal and all aspects of society are chosen by the government. People given very little rights. Cold War: War between communists and non-communists nations, mainly the U.S. and Soviet Union. No real shots fired, just the threat of a nuclear war. Key People George Marshall: Proposed Marshall Plan that helped rebuild European countries after WWII Joseph Stalin: Leader of Soviet Union when they were defeated. Determined to get revenge! Adolf Hitler: Defeated in WWII and killed himself at the end of the war. His speeches made Germany bitter and eager for revenge. The Soviet Union was the new enemy of the United States after WWII. We competed with them with technology, weaponry, the space race, and many other aspects. The Soviet Union were our main rivals.
18: Descriptions Many new weapons were used during the Vietnam war including Napalm and Agent Orange. These chemical weapons were effective, but very detrimental to the health of many innocent civilians. The Vietnam war was very controversial and highly protested in the U.S. The Vietnam war is viewed as the only war that the United States ever lost. | Vietnam War:
19: Key Terms 17th Parallel: This line of latitude was the border between North and South Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh Trail: A transportation route through Vietnam used by the North Vietnamese Communists to transport weapons and supplies. Vietnamization: A policy of Richard Nixon to expand, equip, and train South Vietnam's forces and assign to them an ever-increasing combat role, at the same time steadily reducing the number of U.S. combat troops. Key People Ho Chi Minh: The communist leader of North Vietnam. Vietminh communist army named after him. Ngo Dinh Diem: Leader of South Korea during the war supported by the United States. Richard Nixon: Launched Vietnamization and removed many U.S. troops. This decrease in troops ultimately allowed the Northern Vietnamese to defeat the South and form one country.