FC: FRENCH REVOLUTION | Wikipedia. N.p., 26 May 2012. Web. 15 Nov. 2012.
1: During the French Revolution, France was split into three estates. The Nobility: was highest power, they were rich and didn't pay taxes, the clergy:the head of churches,the third estate:this included everyone else, we made up the majority of the population. We, the third estate had absolutely no say in government and payed heavy taxes. | History Wiz. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2012.
2: During the French Revolution, France was an absolute monarchy. The King was King Louis XVI, and Marie Antoinette, the Queen. | Cem 333. N.p., 19 Apr. 2000. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
3: King Louis XVI paid little attention to government officials. The royals' luxurious life led France to debt. Yet instead of cutting his expenses, King Louis XVI planned to impose taxes on the nobility. We were tired of paying taxes, working, and making up the majority of the population, yet not having a say in government. Before King Louis could tax the nobility,the second estate forced him to call a meeting of the Estates-General. This was an assembly of representatives from all three estates, to approve the new tax. This meeting was held May 5, 1789 at Versailles.
4: Our representatives were determined to make major changes in government. We wanted all three estates to meet together and vote, giving a huge advantage to the us poorer people since we had the majority of the population. The king, of course, sided with the nobility and forced everyone to follow the rules. We, still trying to change the government, renamed ourselves the National Assembly. The National Assembly was to pass laws and reforms in the name of the French. On June 17, 1789, everyone voted to finalize the National Assembly, ending the absolute monarchy, and establishing a representative government. This was the first act of revolution. Afterwards, we were locked out of our meeting room. So, a bunch of us decided to break down the door, entering a tennis court. There we pledged to stay until a new constitution was written. This is known as the Tennis Court Oath. | Kings Academy. N.p., 2011. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
5: In Paris, many people thought King Louis XVI wanted to use the military in order to destroy the National Assembly, (and we couldn't have that happen. The National Assembly may have been the best idea yet, I mean, atleast we were actually making a change). People began gathering many weapons to defend themselves against this attack. July 14, people searching for gun powder, stormed to the Bastille ( a Prison in Paris). The angry people killed many guards and the prison commander, then everyone marched through the streets with the heads of those killed, on sticks. The Fall of the Bastille is similar to July 4, for the United States, in the sense that it symbolizes great revolution. | A Prayer to Our Father. N.p., 15 July 2011. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
6: Rebellion soon spread throughout the country, along with many rumors. A wave of panic called the Great Fear rolled through France. Peasants became outlaws and broke into the homes of nobility, destroyed old legal papers, and some even burned the Noble homes. In October, thousands of women rioted because bread prices were skyrocketing. Carrying knives and axes, the women stormed to Versailles, demanded the National Assembly to take action, and broke into the palace.These women were FURIOUS! They demanded the King and Queen return to Paris. If the King came back to Paris, it would be a lot easier for him to listen to us. They, in agreement, left their palace. This was a signal of change in power and radical reforms. After the Great Fear ended, speeches made by noblemen declared their want for liberty and equality of all people. This ended the Old Regime. Three weeks later, the National Assembly adopted the Declaration of The Rights of Man and of Citizen. this document stated that "men are born and remain free and equal in rights". After this movement, two groups were set up. The Emigres were made of nobles and others who fled France, and hoped to restore the Old Regime. The Sans- Culottes wanted to bring greater changes from the revolution to France. | Wikipedia. N.p., 7 Nov. 2012. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
7: France soon became very separated, to the sense you were either with the Jacobins, who were a radical group wanting to speed up the revolution, or you were against the Jacobins. Nobody was in between. The leader of the Jacobins was Maximilien Robespierre. He was TERRIBLE! Robespierre built a "republic of virtue" and wiped out anything having to do with France's past. He even changed the calendar taking out Sunday, and renamed every single month. Since the radicals thought religion to be old-fashioned and dangerous, they closed all churches in Paris. The period of Robespierre's rule was known as the Reign of Terror. In 1794, people turned in Robespierre and demanded he was arrested and executed. July 28, 1794, Robespierre was executed by the Guillotine (like many others during this time). This was a machine to behead people. As an effect of his execution, the radical phase was ended. | Bastille Day. N.p., 1 July 2012. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
8: During the French Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte was the leader of the French army. Napoleon's friends urged him to seize power. he did this quickly and tool the title of first consul and assumed power of a dictator. An immediate seize of power, such as Napoleon's in known as a Coup d'etat. In 1800, a plebiscite( a vote of the people), was taken to approve the new Constitution, giving all power to Napoleon. In his rule, Napoleon signed a concordat, establishing a new relationship between church and state. During his reign, the French empire was huge, yet very unstable. In fear of who would take power after him, he really wanted a son, which his wife couldn't give him. Later he divorced his wife and remarried, his new wife gave him an heir named Napoleon II, who was named the King of Rome. | NNDB. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012.
9: Napoleon had a passion to extend the French empire and crush great Britain. In efforts to do this, he set up a blockade( forcible closing of ports) in order to stop and prevent all communication and trade between Europe and Great Britain. Napoleon soon went to war with Spain,called the Peninsular War, which was one of his many costly mistakes. During this war, Guerrillas(Spanish peasant fighters, surprise attacking the French army) defeated, and weakened the French Empire in open battle. Another costly mistake Napoleon made was, he sent thousands of soldiers to Russia. As Napoleon advanced, Russia practiced a Scorched-earth policy, which involved burning fields and killing livestock, leaving nothing for the enemy to eat.
10: After the defeat of Napoleon, a new European order was wanted, including Security, and stability for the whole continent. A series of meetings in Vienna, known as the Congress of Vienna, was called. The Congress of Vienna was to set up policies to achieve these wants. The Congress of Vienna was only supposed to last four weeks, but instead lasted eight months. Many goals were set for the Congress of Vienna, one of which was to re-establish a balance of power. This would not allow any country to uphold a threat to the other countries. | Wikipedia. N.p., 15 Nov. 2012. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
11: Napoleon was soon defeated and exiled to Elba, and Louis XVI's brother claimed throne as Louis XVIII. Louis XVIII became hated. People suspected him of wanting to undo the land reforms of the French Revolution, Napoleon needed to try and regain power,so he escaped Elba, landed in France, and again claimed Emperor of France. In response to this, European allies marshaled their armies and the British army prepared for battle near the village of Waterloo in Belgium. The French army was defeated in this battle, ending Napoleon's last bid for power called the Hundred Days. Napoleon was then sent to St. Helena where he lived for the rest of his life and died of stomach cancer. | 16 Ld. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.