FC: Mixbook Project By:Angelica Vasquez and Desriee Garcia Period 6
1: HELLO :)
2: The Declaration of Independence was written for the 13 American Colonies to separate from Great Britain
3: The Natural Rights that Thomas Jefferson declared on The Declaration of Independence was "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by there Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness"
4: On July 2, 1776 all 13 colonies, but one voted for independence. New York cast no vote.
5: On July 4, 1776 The Declaration of Independence had its final revision. New York casted their vote on July 19. On August 2, 1776 the Declaration was signed.
6: The American Revolution, also known as the U.S. War of Independence, lasted for 8 years. The armed conflict first kicked off in Lexington and Concord on April 1775. By the following summer the rebels were waging a full-scale for independence.
7: Gerorge Washington was the leader of the Americans and King George lll was the leader of the British. Americans had 20,000 troops and Britain had 50,000 troops. There was a defeat on August 17, 1776 at Brooklyn, New York which was thought out to be the devise battle. With the battle going on for two days 377 British died and 1,407 Americans died.
8: France entered The American Revolution on the side of the colonists in 1778. By 1779, 15% of the continental army were African Americans. The British surrender in Yorktown, Virgina in 1781. America had officially won their independence, although fighting would not formally end until 1783.
9: The last fighting of The American Revolution between Americans and British occurred in South Carolina along the Combahee River on August 27, 1782. Congress declared the War to an end on April 11, 1783. On October 7, 1783In Virgina, the House of Burgesses granted freedom to the slaves who served in the Continental Army. Later on November 2, 1783 George Washington delivered his farewell address to his army.
10: After declaring independence in 1776, Congress had tried to unite the states under one national government. Their solution was to plan a government called The Articles of Confederation. The Articles created a "firm league of friendship"in which "each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence."
11: After Shay's Rebellion it shocked Congress into calling for a convention to consider "the situation of The United States." Each state was invited into sending delegates to Philadelphia in May 1787 "for the sole and express purpose of revising The Articles of Confederation" On May 25, 1787 the Constitutional Convention met for the first time. The Great Compromise then declared that there will be a two house of Congress. One would be the House of Representatives that would represent the people. The other would be house of Senate that would represent the states.
12: Only 9 states would have to ratify, or approve, the Constitution for it to take effect. The people that would ratify the Constitution would be the state legislatures, but James Maddison soon argues strongly that the people are "the fountain of all the power' and that they should decide. It soon came to a conclusion that the Constitution would be ratified by a special convention by delegates elected by the people in each state.
13: The Constitution was signed on September 17, 1787. Only 38 of the 58 delegates signed the Constitution. 14 delegates had returned home before the conclusion of the convention. Three others refused to sign. The supporters of the Constitution were called Federalists. The opponents of the Constitution were called Anti-Federalists.
14: James Maddison created The Bill of Rights. to protect the natural rights of Liberty and Property. It was also created to limit the power of the Government
15: Although there was formally 12 amendments made only ten were ratified in 1791.
16: On April 30, 1779 George Washington Becomes President, On March 4, 1797 John Adams becomes president. On June 11, 1800 Thomas Jefferson became president.
17: The Whiskey Rebellion occurred in October 10, 1794.
18: A "mob" descended upon Andrew Jackson at the White House to celebrate his victory in the election of 1828. Public parties were regular occurrences during Jackson's administration.
19: Andrew Jackson is known to have harbored animosity for Native Americans. During his administration, many Native American tribes were moved to the reservation in the Oklahoma Territory.
20: The painting (circa 1872) by John Gast called American Progress, is an allegorical representation of the modernization of the New West.
21: Manifest Destiny was a phrase which invoked the idea of a divine sanitation for the territorial expansionThe United States.
22: In the result of need for cotton gin, slave population increased in the South. The South had more plantations than the North.
23: In the 1860s the north had 20,00 miles of railroads. The North had better transportation than the South.
24: The causes of The Civil War were the differences of economic and social differences between the North and the South. Also, states that were versus Federal Rights. In addition, there was also the fights between slave and non-slave states. Growth in abolition movement was another cause for the Civil War.
25: Finally, a big cause was the election of Abraham Lincoln
26: The American Civil War lasted for four years from 1861-1865. Four years of brutal conflict marked with historic battles at Bull Run (Manassas), Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg among others. | The war between states, as the Civil War was known, pitted neighbor against neighbor and in some cases brother against brother.
27: By the time it ended the Confederate surrendered in 1865. The Civil War proved to be the costliest war ever fought in American Soil. With some 620,000 of 2.4 million soldiers killed millions more injured and the population and territory of the South devastated