BC: Made in Memory of: Edgar Allan Poe
FC: Edgar Allan Poe As A Literary Critic
1: What inspired him to critique other people's writing | When Poe couldn't afford college the only thing he could think to do next was start working for the newspaper. He wrote thing in the newspaper and it was dull and wasn't his best. Then he was upgraded to criticism when he realized how well he was at it he continued and continued to do it. He was very harsh in his criticism, and he was very well known for that. He was influenced by his mothers death, and his fathers hatred towards him. He wasn't really inspired by anything he had to work for the newspaper because he didn't have any money. Edgar Allan Poe made American history in criticism
2: Edmund Wilson, one of the most highly regarded American literary critics of the twentieth century, had stated that between both the French and English writers and critics in the first half of the twentieth century, Poe had been the only critic that had been the only critic to criticize the methods and guidelines of literature. | How Poe Influenced Future Critics
3: Poe was one of the few critics of his time who were harsh on other writers. He absolutely didn't care about what other writers thought about him. By doing this, he was one of the few critics who would make sure that other writers would follow the basic guidelines of literature. As Poe did this, other critics would do the same thing. More and more writers would now follow the basic and simple guidelines to each and every genre and stay to topic as they learned from the critical criticism. Poe influenced the future critics and taught them to criticize based on the piece of writing, not the writer and to criticize how you think it should be fixed, no matter how hard it might be.
4: What other people said about his critiques | William L. Andrews, editor of The Literature of the American South, said that early in Poe’s career he suffered a “series of literary associations that, though initially productive, ended in disappointment.” Andrews also stated that some critics claim Poe “courted failure out of a perverse compulsion toward’ professional derailment.” Another man named Daniel Hoffman, agreed with Andrews about Poe leading the most luckless life of any writer. Daniel Hoffman also stated that “his only talent was for suffering.” This may have been state due to the fact that he had way more enemies than supporters during his lifetime as a critic.
5: Overall Poe distanced himself from respected writers of the day, by writing often unfair and stinging critiques of their pieces. Most people took his criticism to heart and were quite offended and for that, disliked him, for they were not satisfied with his truthful and overly harsh criticism. While others didn't mind and understand the mistakes they made, and respected his harsh criticism. This meaning they did not take great offense to what he said, instead they took the criticism well and took it as a learning experience.
6: On the Left is the book the Twice Told Tales by Nathaniel Hawthorne. This was one of Poe's most famous criticisms.
7: An Example of what Poe wrote to criticize to Nathaniel Hawthorne [Text: Edgar Allan Poe, Review of Hawthorne -- Twice Told Tales, from Graham's Magazine, April 1842, p. 254.] The style of Mr. Hawthorne is purity itself. His tone is singularly effective — wild, plaintive, thoughtful, and in full accordance with his themes. We have only to object that there is sufficient diversity in these themes themselves, or rather in their character. His originality both of incident and of reflection is very remarkable; and this trait alone would ensure him at least our warmest regard and commendation. We speak here chiefly of the tales; the essays are not so markedly novel Upon the whole we look upon him as one of the few men of indisputable genius to whom our country has as yet given birth. As such, it will be our delight to do him honor, and lest, in these undigested and cursory remarks, without proof and without explanation, we should appear to do him more honor than Is his due, we postpone all farther comment until a more favorable opportunity.
8: Reversed double-angle brackets “>>...<<” show text that Poe has canceled by striking or scratching out. Text contained within square brackets “[...]” is not part of the original. This text is intended as notes or corrections of typographical errors. In the original printings, some text occasionally appears within square brackets “[...].” In such cases, these have been changed to standard parentheses to avoid confusion. (Note: Over time, we will be changing our previously stated policy concerning square brackets to retain Poe’s usage and distinguish our own editorial notes by enclosing these in double-square brackets “[[...]]”.) | Another example of what Poe said about Twice Told Tales is: But under whatever titular blunders we receive this book it is most cordially welcome. We have seen no prose composition by any American which can compare with some of these articles in the higher merits, or indeed in the lower; while there Is not a single piece which would do dishonor to the best of the British essayists. He critics very harsh for stories he is not fond of (especially stories with happy endings) but when he comes across a story he enjoys he may write a verry good review, saying good things about the book and the author.
10: Examples of Poe's critic document. | Poe once again acknowledged his debts to Coleridge in a review of Robert Montgomery Bird's novel, Sheppard Lee(Southern Literary Messenger , September 1836), one of his first significant critical statements on prose fiction. The main character in Bird's novel experiences metempsychosis (inhabiting the bodies of persons who had died), a plot device that Poe would use in “Ligeia” and “A Tale of the Ragged Mountains. ” In the review Poe seizes upon Bird's handling of the occult. Objecting to incredible or improbable elements in the narrative, Poe claims that unraveling a plot by awkwardly appealing to the supernatural constitutes an affront to artistic standards. This censure of Bird's idiosyncratic characters and extraordinary plot devices may seem like an early call for realism in fiction, but the review calls for more than minute attention to credible detail.
11: Basically Poe's criticism of the document is that it was one of his first significant critical statements on prose fiction. Poe seized in Bird's story, the out of the ordinary and magic essence of it. He also was aiming in on the objective of the impossible or unlikely to become true elements in the writer's narrative. Poe also claimed and stated that unraveling a plot by unskillfully appealing to the abnormal establishments a disrespectful of some kind to artistic standards. This disapproval of Bird's uncommon individual characters and extraordinary plot devices may seem like an early call for actually real actions and things in fiction, but the review calls for more than minute attention to believable detail. Overall Poe has made on Bird's writing, some strict and harsh and very detailed criticism's. This showing that he did take the time to read and go through the people's stories that he critiqued. Also he took notes and got in to details and gave the writer's tips to help them, though they might have taken it in a wrong and harsh way.
12: More On Poe's Thoughts After he reviewed Robert Montgomery's Bird Novel | Poe gave many feedbacks to Montgomery’s novel and some of his words and thoughts about his novel are below. After scoring and evaluating Bird's capricious exploitation of the “explained supernatural” – a technique he may have associated with the works of Washington Irving and AnneRadcliffe – Poe eschews “directness of expression” in narratives of improbable events.He states a preference for leaving “much to the imagination – in writing as if the author were firmly impressed with the truth, yet astonished at the immensity, of the wonder he relates, and for which, professedly, he neither claims credence – in minuteness of detail. ” Minute particulars, Poe suggests, have little bearing on the thrust of narrative fiction. A subtle author can exploit “the infinity of arts that give verisimilitude to a narration, ” and at the same time, he can leave a residue of wonder at events “not to be accounted for. ” Rather “than explaining away his incredibilities, ” the artist can give them vividness and character (E&R, 402–403).
14: Writers inspired by Poe | Arthur Conan Doyle was one of the most famous writers that was inspired by Edgar Allan Poe. Doyle was a physician and writer most famous for his Sherlock Holmes detective stories.
15: During Doyle's lifespan, there was multiple movies based on stories written by Doyle. These story-based movies include "The Lost World", "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes", "The Sign of Four", and "The Lost Special". | Inspiration from Poe Arthur Conan Doyle once stated that "Poe was the the model for all time." Doyle was fascinated from Poe's story, "The Chevalier C. Auguste Dupin", and it inspired him to start writing detective stories. | Sherlock Holmes One of Doyle's world famous writing series is the "Sherlock Holmes" series. This series of novels were made into movies and are one of the most well known detective stories in US. "Sherlock Holmes" was made into many different modern movies.
16: The Lasting Legacy
17: Poe's life was never simple normal or easy. First of all he was adopted by a man and women happily married. The dad always hated him, and when his mom died he was left alone with a person that hated him. Imagine what that would be like alone no mother left to live with someone that hated you, not fun right. Poe was about to go to college and his dad wasn't going to lift a finger to help. He got into a college but when he got there he needed money for books and supplies to be able to participate in class. He sent letters to his dad because he needed money, but his dad never replied. So, he had to leave college and he started working for the newspaper because he needed money. He ended up working in literary criticism.
18: Poe made lots of money being a literary critic. He reviewed over 200 pieces in his lifetime. Poe showed his differences from other critics in many ways. One of the differences he had from others is the way he annotated the mistakes of the writers. He wrote within angled brackets <> he directed the main document himself. He also wrote in double angled brackets, >><<, which he used to remove and scratch out the writing. Poe’s other way of annotating was writing in square brackets, and noting the corrections that were not in the original document he was editing. Poe admired originality, often in work very different from his own. Poe’s most popular recognition for his criticism was how harsh he was to people. | Summary
19: He stressed many writers by his harsh critical notes. It was said that Poe laid down the rules of short story writing. He angered many literary writers; an example would be the poet Longfellow. At times when Poe was reviewing the writing he argued with the writers. He was so intense about his critiquing methods that at times he accused people of plagiarism. The writers that Poe critiqued were influenced by the way that he wrote his stories. Poe also contributed to French poetry, for he was known as the French “Poetic Master Model” and he was the guide French poetry and its criticism. Edgar Allan Poe made an undeniable mark on American literary criticism.
20: Bibliography: | bing images Cengage, Gale. "Edgar Allan Poe Critisism." Enotes. Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism, n.d. Web. 29 Nov 2012.
21: "Edgar Allan Poe." Encyclopdia Britannica. Encyclopdia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopdia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 04 Dec. 2012.
22: By: Allie K. Christine Madison and Matthew
23: Edgar Allan Poe (1809 - 1849)