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Egyptian Newsletter

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Egyptian Newsletter - Page Text Content

S: November 10, 2011 Segarra, Sokoli, Soria, Tobin

FC: The Daily Papyrus | By: | Publisher: Xavier High School Copyright 2011 | Matthew Segarra Omar Soria Krist Sokoli Warren Tobin

1: New Dynasty Arising By: Matthew Segarra Ptolemy V Epiphanes ruled Egypt from 206-180 B.C.E. His father died when Ptolemy V was only five years old. His mother tried to take the throne but his father's two most powerful ministers killed her so Ptolemy V could take the throne. The Rosetta Stone states details of his coronation to the throne. His wife was Cleopatra I. He died at age at age 28 fighting off insurgents at the Delta. It was rumored that he had been poisoned. His son, Ptolemy VI Philomentor, would later take the throne. Thus starting the last great dynasty of Ancient Egypt.

2: A Stepping Stone In Modern Language By: Matthew Segarra This just in, the French have stumbled upon a large stone with strange writing. It appears to be ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, and ancient Greek writing. While French soldiers were rebuilding a fort they discovered a stone with unfamiliar writing. This discovery took place in a small village in the Nile Delta called Rosetta. We still don't know much about this stone, but the writing has been said to date back all the way to 196 B.C.E.! It is also aware the French and Egyptians have come with an agreement to name the rock the "Rosetta Stone". It is unclear when the possibility of the Rosetta Stone being deciphered is. Archaeologists and Anthropologists say it may take up to 20-30 years! It is this day of the year 1799 that a major discovery was made is Egypt.

4: Visit the Wonders of the Ancient World! By: Krist Sokoli The Egyptians left us some interesting monuments that amaze people around the world. Until the Eifel tower, their monument was the largest monument is the world. They built the great Pyramid of Giza, the Temples at Karnak and Luxor, the Temple of Abu Simbel and the Temple of Dendera. These Temples and Pyramids were huge monuments that took years to build. But even years after discovering them, people still wonder about the hidden secrets they hold. Now it’s your turn to explore these mysterious places and see what each one is like! Your tour would start off with a visit to the Pyramids of Giza. The pyramids were a giant construction that amazes scientist how the Egyptian were able to build. The Pyramid is seven hundred feet long on each side, four hundred fifty feet high and is composed of 2,300,000 blocks of stone, each averaging two and a half tons in weight. You may ask why this giant structure was built. It was built for the pharaohs for their passing. In ancient Egypt, the people believed that once you passed away, your soul would spate from your body and go onto a test of the Gods. If your soul passed the test, it would return to the body and you would live the Gods. The pyramids were there to help the soul find the body and recognize it. The pyramid of Giza was built for the Pharaoh Khufu. When the Egyptians found the pyramid, it was thought to be full of gold like the other ones, but instead it was empty. How this ginormous building was built, you may be asking yourself. It was built by the use of the giant workforce the people, but it was also built by the use of the Nile River. The pyramid was very close to the Nile. So when the Nile flooded, they could use the water to barges up the giant blocks they were using to build. They also used to Nile to transport the giant blocks from their quarries. So without the Nile, there would be no pyramid, no matter how many slaves the Egyptians had!

5: During the New Kingdom, Akhenaton and Ramses III caused a sudden up rise in the belief of the god Amun. The people started to build temples for their God and this lead up tone of the world’s largest temples ever built. The building at Karnack was built for the God Amun and consists of three temples inside of it, and large amounts of outer temples. It took many years to build this great building, and inspires many modern day builders with it vast designs. During Ramses the Great’s reign, a temple would be finished, that was dedicated to three different gods and almost defined himself. This temple is one of the most beautiful temples in Egypt. It took twenty years to construct. The name of the temple was Abu Semple. The temple was not just a single construction but yet a giant chain and series of buildings. It was dedicated to the gods Amun, Ra-Horakhty, and Ptah. The reason why this structure was built was to allow the people praise their Gods. Another interesting fact about this structure is that on the 21st of October and February, the sun shines throughout the temple lighting the monuments of the Gods except the statue of the evil God, Ptah. The Temple of Dendera complex is one of Egypt’s most perfectly preserved monuments. The temple was built from mud-brick walls. Within the walls are the temple, two birth houses, a Coptic Basilica, a sanitorium, a sacred lake, and a temple to Isis. All of these structures have modern day connections. Many Egyptains visited these areas either to pay homage to their Gods, or to be cured by the Gods. You may wonder what I mean by “cured by the Gods”. When I say “cured by the Gods,” im talking about when the Egyptians went to the sanitorium, which was basically a spa that if you bathed in it, you would be cured.

10: Ramses II or Ramesses By: Warren Tobin Ramses the Second was born in 1304 B.C.E and was the son of Seti I. Ramses reigned over us from 1279 B.C.E. until 1213 B.C.E. Before he became a great, well-known ruler, he battled with his father. Ten years after fighting, he became pharaoh. He was also a diplomat. During most of Ramses time as pharaoh, he had to struggle with the Hitties. During his fifth year of rule, he planned and executed a major attack on the Hitties and this lead to his greatest battle. Ramses was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty. Ramses moved the capital to Avaris and away from Thebes (the old capital). Ramses was part of the first international treaty. This was signed between the Egyptians and our rivals, the Hittites. Ramses was most famous for his architecture. He built monuments and Hall Columns at Karnak. He had statues built of himself at Luxor. He also built the Ramesseum. Ramses’ architecture is very famous and still influences architecture today. Ramses was laid to rest at The Valley of Kings, which he designed. Ramses accomplished many goals during his reign, but he has left our world at the age of 92. He was the last great Egyptian ruler. There will never be a greater ruler.

12: “Good Bye Pharaoh, Revolts Rise Up In Egypt” By: Omar Soria Farmers, Peasants, Artisans, and all low class citizens are uniting to revolt against the pharaoh. They feel that the pharaoh is being too unfair. They feel that we should not have to pay so much grain in taxes to the pharaoh, which most of us cannot afford. They fell that we should not have to work on the pyramids if we do not pay enough grain. They feel that we should not have to put up with the injustice that the pharaoh and the royal family bring on to all low class citizens. They feel like we are being treated like a worthless piece of papyrus. The royal family and other noblemen wake up in linen sheets, dress in linen clothes and leather sandals, and eat a meal of the finest cakes and meats. A regular low class family eats a small meal of bread, meat, and beer; dress in clothes that were woven from plants; and they wake up in rough and old sheets. The revolution feels that we have enough to put up with in each of the three seasons. During the flooding season most of us have to work on the pyramids and obelisks of our pharaoh Ramses II each day for the whole season. During the growing season farmers plant crops and domesticate animals to provide the country and themselves with food. They work all day and night to keep those crops healthy for us to eat. The pharaoh has his own personal farmers that grow his and the royal family's food. While our farmers are breaking their backs struggling to give us food the pharaoh and his family just sit there waiting for their food to arrive on a silver platter. During the harvest season the farmers gather their crops for their families and gather the surplus for the country. Unfortunately the farmer, just like all other citizens, must give a certain amount of grain to the pharaoh and if he fails to give the exact amount that the pharaoh wants he is forced to work on the pyramids and obelisks during the flood season.

13: As you know we are currently using the agricultural calendar to display the seasons. I prefer using this calendar over the administrative calendar because it splits the year down into three easy seasons: Flood, Grow, and Harvest. Each season contains four months. Each month contains thirty days. This alone adds up to only three hundred sixty days. To fix this we have added five extra days to the year so the year will have an exact three hundred sixty-five days. The only problem with this calendar is that we have an extra five days at the end of the last month. To fix this problem I recommend that we add an extra day to each of the months in the Growing season, so farmers will have more time to work on their crops, and one extra day to the last month in the Harvesting season, so there is an extra day to gather more crops. | Photo from http://historicmysteries.com/social-harmony-in-ancient-egypt

14: Sources 1. "Ramses, II." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale World History In Context. Web. 8 Nov. 2011. Document URL 2. "Ramses II." Historic World Leaders. Gale, 1994. Gale World History In Context. Web. 9 Nov. 2011. Document URL 3. “Ramses II.” WWW.Kingtutone.com 9 Nov. 2011 4. "Daily Life Story." Copyright British Museum Nov. 2011. Document URL 5. Authors Landauro, Victor. "LIFE IN ANCIENT EGYPT" Searchasaurus database. Nov. 2011. 6. Authors Browne, Eric; Canty, Jamiee; Casey, Jennifer; Goldman, Linda; Gwen, Eleanor; Judy, Tabitha; Revell, Catherine; Schell, Kimberly; Williams, Michelle; Wyatt, Devin; Goldman, Phyllis Barkas. Searchasaurus database, Nov 2011.

15: 6. Calenders Ancient Egypt Copyright webexhibits.org/calendars. Nov. 2011. URL 7. Rosetta Stone Copyright ancientegypt.co.uk/writing. Nov. 2011. URL 8. Ptolemy V Copyright touregypt.net Nov. 2011 URL

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