S: By Marisa Goldstein
BC: William Shakespeare (April 23, 1564- April 23, 1616) Queen Elizabeth's rule (1558-1603)
FC: Elizabethan England | Influencing the life and work of William Shakespeare | Marisa Goldstein
1: Elizabethan England included England and Wales. Many cities were close together, everything in a town was walking distance for easy travel. Especially by horse. | Geography: | While traveling, you wouldn't often see signs on the roads to tell you which direction to go.
2: The two major religions in Elizabethan England were the Catholic and Protestant religions. The convictions and beliefs in these different religions were so strong that they led to the executions of many adherents to both of these Elizabethan religions. | There was much conflict between the two religions
3: The people in this era believed in many superstitions and stories passed down from their relatives. A few things they believed were... -Opening your mouth to sneeze would allow the devil to enter your body. Saying "bless you" makes the devil not enter. -A pot turned counter-clockwise is bad luck for the people who eat it and can cause food spoilage. -The 7th son had supernatural powers. -Touching a man about to be executed, a cow breathing on you or spitting into fire brought good luck. | Religion in Elizabethan Europe:
4: During this time period many artists created great paintings. This period contained many new techniques and types of paintings. | Achievements
5: Besides paintings, music was also very important. Mnay intrusments such as the lute, viol, recorder, hautboym trumpet, sackbutt, spinet and harpsichord were played. | Music was played everywhere, in the church, court and streets. *Globe Theatre*
6: Queen Elizabeth ruled Elizabethan England in a monarchy. There were many strict laws about religion because the Queen was always in fear about them plotting against her. Other laws were also very strict, punishment being execution and torturing. | Politics
7: Shakespeare created plays involving current politics that often had to be censured because of the danger. The law strictly prohibited any explicitly religious or current political events being represented on stage. | The land was controlled in a feudal system. It was divided and given to lords that would each divide it upon their people. It helped effectively rule for a while.
8: Wool, art, architecture, iron, tin and copper were a few of the trading goods during the Elizabethan Era. The availability of these goods as well as food depended on your social class. | When Queen Elizabeth came into power, the country had little money. However, she helped the economy grow and prosper by the feudal system. By the 16th century, the population grew by 400%. The reason for such a large expansion was the wool trade. It changed agriculture though and made the difference between rich and poor even larger resulting in extreme poverty when the feudal system failed. | Economy
9: Reasons for Poverty - The poor in Elizabethan England suffered from the breaking up of the feudal system. The feudal system was built on a social class pyramid system where everyone was loyal to their immediate superior. The nobles of the land and the lords of the manor were responsible for the peasants who lived on their land. The peasants wouldn't get a lot for their labor, and this is why they became so poor.
10: In the Elizabethan Era, social classes played a major role in everyday life. Much of the population was in poverty, wandering as vagabonds and beggars. The life expectancy was only 40 years old. The difference between the rich and the poor expanded, and this was why the economy for the poor didn't look promising. | Social
11: At the time, Oxford and Cambridge were the only universities. This showed the lack of education in the society. | Classes in society: At the top were the kings and lords, then the nobles, then the baronets, next the knights, the yeomen following, then the merchants and citizens and finally the workforce.
12: About William Shakespeare's life | April 23, 1564 - April 23, 1616
13: Like branches on a tree, our lives may grow in different directions yet our roots remain as one. | Family & early life | He later married Anne Hathaway and had 3 children- Susanna, Hamnet and Judith. Read on the next page why their marriage was considered scandalous. | William Shakespeare was the third child of eight. His older sisters both died from the plague but he had three younger brothers and two younger sisters. John Shakespeare and Mary Arden were his parents. His father supported the family by retailing farm produce and his mother had some money in her family making the Shakespeare family fairly well off. | His schooling isn't exactly confirmed but it is very common the attend school from age 7 to 14 with a petty school from 5 - 7. He learned grammar, manners, latin and possibly greek.
14: Scandal! | The marriage between Shakespeare and Hathaway was very different. First, many believed that Anne was pregnant before marriage as their first son was only born 6 months after the wedding. The couple tried to change the official wedding papers to show a different date resulting in two SEPERATE wedding dates. Also, William Shakespeare went to London, leaving his wife and children, for long periods of time for an unknown reason. Another area of controversy is his will. He gave almost all of his possessions to outside his family and gave his wife his second favorite bed!
15: Parents | Career | Shakespeare is famous for three professions: Playwriting, poetry and acting. He wrote 37 plays plus three discovered after he died. Besides plays he wrote sonnets, 154 of them. He wrote many plays in many different genres like history, comedy, tragedy and romance. A few of his plays written in Early Modern English were The Tempest, Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Othello, King Henry and many more. Shakespeare is one of the greatest writers in the whole world and has many famous quotes like, "To be or not to be: that is the question." and "O Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo?" Shakespeare created an acting company named Lord Chamberlain's Company later changed to The King's Men. Even though his plays were very original he borrowed ideas from great writers like Arthur Brooke's "The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet". | People used the vocabulary in Shakespeare's plays but didn't actually talk how they did in in the plays in rhyme.
16: The influence of Queen Elizabeth and Shakespeare's fame | Queen Elizabeth came to power (1558-1603) after she succeeded the Catholic Mary I who ruled from 1553 until 1558. As the queen, she set what could be represented in her reign, and especially what could be represented in the theater. She enjoyed many of Shakespeare's humorous plays and allowed his plays to go on which was very important. | Shakespeare achieved his true fame especially after his death in 1616 being known now as one of the most powerful storytellers and writers in the world.
17: The Globe Theater | The Globe theater was co-owned by a couple of men including Shakespeare. It was opened on September 24, 1599 but built outside London's city limits because at the time plays or theaters were not allowed inside London. The theater shut down twice. One for two years along with all the other theaters because of | the deadly plague. The second, a fire burnt it down in 1613. During Shakespeare's time there were no women actors because no women were even allowed to become actresses.
18: My Persona | My name is Adriana Goldstein and I am nineteen years of age. I am the Duchess of Verona, married to Duke Lorenzo. Both myself and my husband are friends with the Montagues and are sided with them against the Capulets. We may be not right by having an alliance with them but our family friendship has gone back many generations.
19: If I had to describe myself and my family I'd say my family is looked upon with much respect from everyone for our power in the city. This has granted me with many advantages like money. Despite the wonderful job done by the family cook I manage to maintain my weight. Not to sound conceited at all, but many people compliment me on my looks saying that I am beautiful, charming and, well I can go on... I certainly can agree considering my tall, slim figure along with my long dark brown hair and deep blue eyes. Even along with my gorgeous looks, I am intelligent, funny and an outgoing person overall. I would go outside more but my mother says the whiter you are the healthier and richer you look so my skin has a slight tint of color. I may seem quiet at first but I am not when you get to know met it. My slim figure proves great for the clothing I must wear for the events I attend. All of the intricate clothes are lovely to wear. I give my clothes to my younger sisters when I have outgrown them. Too bad my brother doesn't get anything from me. I am the eldest and he is the only son. As the eldest, I received some education, plenty more than most women and girls get nowadays. I enjoy living out my life day to day assisting my husband fulfill his duties as well be my beautiful self.