FC: Famous battles in the history of the United States from 1400-1860
1: Created by Dave Santiago RSCS 7th Grade social studies
2: Battle of Bunker HIll
3: On June 16, 1775, the rebel forces led by General William Prescott led about 1,200 mt both hills were fortified, Breed's Hill was chosen for the main fortifications. The next day, the rebel fortifications were exposed and the first official battle of the revolution began. It took the British 6 hours to fully organize an attack force. Met with heavy resistance, the British eventually beat the rebels in Breed's Hill. Despite winning however, the British suffered at least 1,000 casualties while the rebels were hit with 450 total casualties.
4: (left) American Major General Joseph Warren dying during the battle.
5: The Battle of Bunker Hill showed that inexperienced rebels were able to fight extremely experienced soldiers with years of experience.
6: 1st Battle of Saratoga
7: On September 19, 1777 The Battle of Freeman's Farm or The 1st Battle of Saratoga begins as American general Daniel Morgan attacks a company belonging to British general Hamilton. Morgan's men managed to kill every single commanding soldier in the company, he then had his men charge at the company, they were unaware however, that they were charging right at Burgoyne's main army. At around 3:00pm Burgoyne ordered Friederich Riedesel to guard 500 men while he sent 2 companies towards the American front. In the American front, General Horatio Gates sends 5 more regiments to the front. Even with these reinforcements, the battle shifted to Britain's favor, Fortunately, night set in and the Americans were able to leave the battlefield. Burgoyne lost 600 men in the battle. While a mix of 300+ American soldiers were killed/wounded.
8: 2nd Battle of Saratoga
9: At the prelude of the battle, Burgoyne had about only 5,500+ soldiers that could still fight. The Battle of Freeman's Farm had reduced his troop count. The Americans had about 8,000 total soldiers. At 2pm the firing started. In one hour, the British line was completely disorganized. General John Burgoyne was nearly killed by American General Daniel Morgan's sharpshooters. The situation for the British was deteriorating, with 1,000 casualties, While the Americans losing only half of what the British suffered. At this point, the French King Louis formed the Franco-American Alliance, This forced British supplies to relocate all over the place. In October 13, Burgoyne was surrounded around Saratoga. 3 days later, Burgoyne surrenders his entire army
10: Burgoyne Surrenders
12: Citations | http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bunker_Hill http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battles_of_Saratoga http://www.historyofwar.org/scripts/fluffy/fcp.pl?words=Saratoga&submit=Site+Search&d=/battles_saratoga.html http://www.historyofwar.org/scripts/fluffy/fcp.pl?words=Saratoga&submit=Site+Search&d=/battles_freemansfarm.html http://www.historyofwar.org/scripts/fluffy/fcp.pl?words=Saratoga&submit=Site+Search&d=/battles_bemis.html