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Final Project :)

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FC: Binge Drinking | College Students Binge Drinking; date unknown; author unknown; www.corbisimages.com/stock-photo/royalty-free/Is527-058/college-students-binge-drinking?popup=1

1: Binge Drinking; August 10.2008; Pascal Deloche; www.corbisimages.com/stock-photo/rights-managed/42-21572272/binge-drinking?popup=1

2: College Students Binge Drinking at Party; March 01, 1995; Andrew Lichtenstein; www.corbisimages.com/stock-photo/rights-managed/0000997523/college-students-binge-drinking-at-party?popup=1

3: Binge drinking is a major social problem in the world today. Binge drinking is defined by the Center for Disease Control as a pattern of drinking that brings a person's Blood Alcohol Concentration to 0.08 grams percent or above. This typically happens when men consume 5 or more drinks and when women consume 4 or more drinks, in about 2 hours. Furthermore, a survey from 2003 found that 75% or teens said that they had been drunk at some time. The CDC states these facts: Approximately 92% of U.S. adults who drink excessively report binge drinking in the past 30 days. About 90% of the alcohol consumed by youth under the age of 21 in the United States, and 75% for adults, is in the form of binge drinks.

4: Illustration of Alcoholic & Healthy Human Livers; date unknown; pPoodlesRock; www.corbisimages.com/rights-managed/42-214935357;illustration-of-alcoholic-health-human-livers?popup=1

5: This picture on the left shows what the liver can look like after consuming too much alcohol over time, and what a healthy liver should look like. Binge drinking is associated with many health problems, including: - Unintentional injuries (e.g., car crashes, falls, burns, drowning). - Intentional injuries (e.g., firearm injuries, sexual assault, domestic violence). - Alcohol poisoning. - Sexually transmitted diseases. - Unintended pregnancy. - Children born with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. - High blood pressure, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases. - Liver disease. - Neurological damage. - Sexual dysfunction. - Poor control of diabetes.

6: College girl drinks beer through a funnel; May 15, 2004; Jason Reed; www.corbisimages.com/stock-photo/rights-managed/DWF15-717540/college-girl-drinks-beer-through-funnel?popup=1.

7: Evidence-based interventions to prevent binge drinking and related harms include: - Increasing alcoholic beverage costs and excise taxes. - Limiting the number of retail alcohol outlets that sell alcoholic beverages in a given area. - Consistent enforcement of laws against underage drinking and alcohol-impaired driving. - Screening and counseling for alcohol misuse. Furthermore, when looking at the sociological imagination, binge drinking, from the facts previously stated is not just a personal issue, but also a social issue. It raises taxes, causes more accidents, raises health care costs, and helps increase our poverty levels.

8: Functionalists argue that society provides us with norms or guidelines on drug or alcohol abuse. A set of social norms identifies the appropriate use of drugs and alcohol. For instance, in the United States, alcohol is associated as violent behavior; however, in the United Kingdom alcohol consumption is described as peaceful and harmonious. Moreover, alcohol in moderation may be routinely consumed with meals, for celebration, or for health benefits. Having at least one glass of red wine per day has been shown to reduce a person's risk for heart disease. Yet, society also provides norms regarding the excessive use of drugs such as alcohol. For college students binge drinking is a cultural and social norm. This perception is enforced by the media and advertisers. Unlike alcoholics, college students are able to turn their willingness to binge drink on and off depending on their circumstances, thus increasing the risk of alcohol poisoning. Functionalists identify society or the social structure as the cause of binge drinking. During periods when individuals are socially stressed or isolated, like starting out in college, or going out into the real world, they may experience high levels of anxiety or stress which may lead to deviant behaviors such as binge drinking.

9: Nearly a quarter of all Americans have participated. date unknonw; author unknown; http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&client=firefox-a&sa=N&rls=org.

10: Comedian Ferrel Drinks Beer Through Funnel in Harvard Yale Appearance. Date unknown; Ruetors; www.corbisimages.com/rights-managed/UT0148455/comedian-ferrel-drinks-beer-through-funnel-in?popup=1

11: Conflict theorists argue that intentional decisions have been made over which drugs are illegal and which are illegal. Powerful political and business interest groups are able to manipulate our images of drugs and their users. For instance there are so many alcohol advertisements that are more appealing and lean toward younger adults and college students. Conflict theorists are prove right with this because in reality, advertisements do have an impact on the younger generations. The highest prevalence of binge drinking is for young adults aged 21-25 followed by 18-20 year olds.This picture of Will Ferrel on the left shows that actors are able to help manipulate college students into thinking that binge drinking is cool.

12: Alcohol-binge-drinking-girls; date unknown; author unknown; Free-theme-songs.com

13: The way alcohol and sexual assault go hand in hand, in most cases, signify that binge drinking is a feminist issue. Women need to question how they play into the binge drinking culture so readily. They need to learn and stick to their own alcohol limits. They need to stop equating celebration with getting blasted. They need to stop dulling upset and hurt feelings with alcohol. And perhaps most importantly, when they’re out, they need to watch out for our friends and other women who may have had too much. In 47% of reported rapes, both the woman and the perpetrator had been drinking. This compares to an additional 17% of cases where the perpetrator only was intoxicated and 7% of cases where only the victim had been drinking. Kate Torgovnick wrote, “This has me wondering if changing our culture—from one where binge drinking is allowed, normalized, and in many situations even encouraged to one where people are urged to know their limits and always have their wits about them—could lead to a significant drop in the number of women who have to endure sexual assaults.” Extreme drinking, just like what is seen on “Jersey Shore,” the kind that goes down on college campuses all across the country, the kind we see around in bars on weekend nights, the kind that fueled “The Hangover,” the kind that inspires all those “last night, I was so drunk” stories that people like to tell, regularly puts women in danger in the name of a good time. In an ideal world, rape wouldn’t exist and it wouldn’t matter how much a woman had to drink, what she was wearing, or what overtures she had given. No man would ever consider sex without explicit consent and would recognize that anyone who is deeply intoxicated is unable to give consent. But sadly, we don’t live in that world. Unfortunately, short of some Herculean sensitivity raising effort, we do not have control over what men, drunk or sober, will do when presented with women being drunk. What women do have control over is their side of the equation—how much they drink.

14: Interactionist Perspective: In recent years there have been many cases of college students dying from binge drinking, which involves having at least five drinks in a row for men or four drinks in a row for women. According to Dr. David Anderson, of George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, at least 50 college students throughout the United States drink themselves to death every year. While endangering their own lives, binge drinkers also tend to disturb or hurt their fellow students, such as causing them to lose sleep, interrupting their studies, and assaulting them physically or sexually. Although binge drinking is a serious problem, it has long been a tradition on many U.S. college campuses. And despite the raising of the legal drinking age to 21 in all states since the late 1980s, binge drinking to be about as prevalent today continues as it was 20 years ago. According to a nationwide survey, some 44 percent of college students (50 percent of the men and 39 percent of the women) have binged at least once during the past two weeks. Why, then, do they binge drink? The stress from having to work hard for good grades is one contributing factor. A more important factor is the social pressure to get drunk so as to fit in and not to be seen by others as uptight or antisocial. This may explain why a large majority (81 percent) of fraternity brothers and sorority sisters are binge drinkers. The social pressure to fit in can also explain the unusually high incidence of binge drinking among those who regard parties as a very important part of their college life. The proposal of differential association came to explain how we learn specific behaviors and norms from the groups we have contact with. Deviance is learned from people who engage in deviant behavior. For example on a college campus when freshman see the upper-class men binge drinking they see it as a way to fit in. During some Greek life recruitment they require prospective members to drink in order to become a part of their organization. This perspective also addresses how individuals or groups are labeled “abusers” and how society responds to them.

15: To Accompany Germany-Alcohol; June 12, 2007; Michaela Rehle; www.corbisimages.com/stock-photo/rights-managed/42-18495411/to-accompany-story-germanyalcohol?popup=1

16: Men drinking beer; date unknown; author unknown; http://www.google.com/imgres?

17: SOLUTIONS Cutting down the amount of alcohol in drinks would be a good start to prevent binge drinking. If beer was not as strong people would have to consume more and more in the same amount of time to be considered binge drinking. Many people drink with dinner or while at the lake just to have a good time without realizing how much they have truly had to drink. It would help in that situation because the lower alcohol content would not affect them as drastically. Another solution would be to create a worse taste for the cheaper alcohols and beers, if not all of them. Instead of making them smoother the worse taste would differ young adults to either not buy the alcohol at all or use more non-alcoholic drinks to mix with it decreasing the amount of alcohol in the drinks. Another solution would be to educate college students and young adults about the effects of what alcohol does to the body. For instance, maybe putting warning labels on the bottles and boxes of alcohol stating the effects that it can have on your liver and also your brain. Alcohol is the only substance that enters through the blood brain barrier, thus killing brain cells at a quicker rate than other abused substances. Moreover, another way to help lower binge drinking rates would be to raise the price of alcohol. Most young adults still have to get added support from their parents because they are just starting out in the real world, so raising the prices would definitely help limit their binge drinking habits.

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  • Title: Final Project :)
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