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Flannery O'Connor

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Flannery O'Connor - Page Text Content

BC: © 2000-2011 Copyright 2012 Southern Literary Trail | Gascoigne, Bamber. “Flannery O’Connor (1925-1964)” April 2012. “Flannery O’Connor quotes” April 2012 Kinney F. “Flannery O’Connor and the Art of the Holy” 2012. 18 April 2012 © 2001 - 2012 BrainyQuote ©2012 The Virginia Quarterly Review. | WORK CITED


1: Context 1.Biography 2.Literary Analysis 3.Works Excerpted 4.List of Works 5.Acrostic Poem 6.Diamante 7.Photo Gallery 8. Work Cites

2: BIOGRAPHY Flannery O'Connor ,born in Savannah, Georgia, on March 25, 1925, was the only child of, catholic parents, Regine Cline and Edwin Francis O'Connor. When she was fifteen, O'Connor lost her father to systemic lupus erythematosus, an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in the skin, joints, kidneys, brain, and other organs. The O'Connors moved to Milledgeville, this is where she served as editor of the Corinthian, Georgia State College for Women literary magazine, and as unofficial campus cartoonist. Most compelling, she devoted fiction, essays, and occasional poems to the Corinthian. After graduated from Georgia State College for Women, O'Connor received a scholarship in journalism in 1945 at the University of Iowa. Once was there, she decided that journalism was not for her and decided to attend the Writers' Workshop to enter the master's program in creative writing. While at Iowa she published her first short story and won a prize for a novel in progress. After becoming seriously ill in December of 1950, O'Connor was diagnosed as having lupus. By this time recent research found medication that treated the symptoms but not a cure. Mrs. O'Connor had recently inherited a dairy farm miles from Milledgeville. Flannery O'Connor moved on the farm, which is where she spent her remaining years. O'Connor dissipate her time by writing and raising various kinds of fowl, including peacocks.

3: After the explosion of her illness, Flannery O'Connor indubitably found who she was as a writer. In 1952, O'Connor published her first novel, Wise Blood. Shortly after, in the summer between 1952-1955, she had published books ,such as A Good Man is Hard to Find. Through these stories, O'Connor showed a defined writing style: funny, realistic, displaying her sharp eye for the comic and the grotesque and her accurate ear for Southern speech, often ending in unexpected and shocking violence. She also displayed throughout her writing, O'Connor took her Catholicism as seriously as she did in her writing. O'Connor, however, felt that a violent shock was essential to bring both her characters and her modern audience, that was non-spiritual, to an awareness of the powerful reality of a specific responsibility. Assisted with a crutch because of the softening in her bones, O'Connor still did not let her ineffectiveness stop her from going to perform at public speaking. O'Connor frequently accepted invitations to speak at colleges and writers' conferences in the 1950s and early 1960s. She felt she would take advantage of those opportunities to give perceptive talks on the nature of fiction and to construe her own position as a writer "with Christian concerns". Affected by the abdominal surgery O'Connor had to have in the spring, the lupus in her body was overtaken by stress causing her to suffer kidney failure (July) and to spend several days in a coma. On August 3, 1964, O'Connor died in the Milledgeville Hospital. In 1972 she was awarded the National Book Award for her Collected Stories.

4: Literary Analysis In analyzing the representation of Christianity in two of her short stories (Good Country People and A Good Man Is Hard to Find) it becomes obvious that her characters' religious affiliations are less spiritual than they are simply a means of obtaining something desired. However, the treatment of religion in these two stories is a problem. While the treatment of religion in "Good Country People" hints that the expression of religious beliefs can be persuasive when dealing with others, in "A Good Man Is Hard to Find," it suggests that the expression of religious beliefs can be entirely unpersuasive. Flannery O'Connor was most well-known for writing stories about the South, stories that were generally placed into the genre of grotesque. Her stories most commonly deal with themes of religion, race, and class. O'Connor addressed these themes by way of her characters through pain, violence, and ridiculous behavior. She commonly used irony and ambiguity in order to inflate the dysfunctional religious attitudes and ways of the people in the southern United States.

5: At the end of "A Good Man Is Hard to Find," The Misfit states that the grandmother "would have been a good woman if somebody had been there to shoot her every minute of her life" (10). The grandmother only turned to religious expression and belief when her life depended on it, much in the same way that Manly simply held the faade of a religious devotee in order to trick Hulga into allowing him to steal her false leg. Both of these stories. Critics 1.The idea of life and of faith as apparently antagonistic, of existence as a kind of coincidentia oppositorium was, says Robert Coles (who knew her slightly), an idea that haunted her. "She would never tell a story, write a novel, without tapping her readers forcefully on the shoulder with that message [of Cyril], worked into country talk, country description, country manners." For all its horror, the journey by the dragon, however, would always lead directly to the Father of souls

6: 2.Flannery O'Connor had a habit of writing about physical as well as spiritual handicaps and often the violence that was resultant of such conditions on it's stricken victims. This is not altogether surprising when you take into account that O'Connor suffered from lupus erythematosus, an incurable disease. Flannery grew up in a small town in Georgia and she lived with her mother on a small farm, this background is reflected in the story, Good Country People. 3. "A Good Man Is Hard to Find" is regarded as one of O'Connor's best stories and has drawn much critical attention. Most discussions of "A Good Man Is Hard to Find" have focused on the story's extreme violence. O'Connor herself justified the use of terror to shock spiritually complacent modern readers: "To the hard of hearing you shout and for the almost blind you draw large and startling figures." While many critics accept this rationalization, others are less comfortable with the story's abrupt descent into brutality. For some commentators, the jarring shift from comedy to tragedy takes unfair advantage of a group of characters whose depiction verges on caricature. More recent interpretations of the tale range from structural and political analysis to an examination of its classical and medieval literary influences

7: 4. O'Connor portrays art throughout her stories. In A Good Man Is Hard to Find art was in terror and pain and rage, but a rage for the holy. In this way, her habit of art became her habit of being and like them the mystery of being—of mystery and made the Satanic avenger (Rufus, the Misfit, Julian) and the savior, in the end, indistinguishable. Thus she, like the letter writer St. Paul, would see through the glass, in which the holy in art and the art of the holy convert and become one. 5. The theme is strongly supported throughout the entire story and is stated in the title itself, “A Good Man is Hard to Find.” The grandchildren, the Misfit and in the end Jesus Himself support this theme. When the Misfit plainly admits, “Nome, I ain’t a good man,” she resorts to Jesus. The Misfit then blames Jesus for his actions. He tries to compare Jesus to himself by commenting that Jesus “threw everything off balance” and was punished for sins he didn’t commit just like the Misfit was punished for crimes he didn’t commit. But in the end the theme carries on that even “A Good Man is Hard to Find” in Jesus because the Misfit’s unworthy comparison of himself with Jesus caused the killing rampage. The grandmother’s false hope in Jesus seemed to crumble when He did not “save her” again, thus showing in a religious sense that “A Good Man is Hard to Find.”

8: Works Excerpted | ''Jesus was the only One that ever raised the dead,' The Misfit continued, 'and he shouldn't have done it. He thrown everything off balance. If He did what He said, then it's nothing for you to do but throw away everything and follow Him... I wasn't there so I can't say He didn't,' The Misfit said. 'I wisht I had of been there,' he said, hitting the ground with his fist. 'It ain't right I wasn't there because if I had been there I would of known... if I had of been there I would of known and I wouldn't be like I am now.'' -A Good Man is Hard to Find | This passage questions the protagonist's faith. Christians have the ability to believe in something that is not there. For many people these are impossible to accept because they cannot be confirmed with absolute certainty and require blind faith. This is how O'Connor uses religious as the theme of her works that is reflected in the dark humor.

9: "God made me this way and if you laugh He may strike you the same way. This is the way He wanted me to be and I ain't disputing His way. I'm showing you because I got to make the best of it I expect you to act like ladies and gentlemen. I never done it to myself nor had a thing to do with it but I'm making the best of it. I don't dispute hit." -A Temple of the Holy Ghost | Susan and Joanne witness the show by the hermaphrodite at the fair, and later tell the child about it when they are all in bed. O'Connor herself suffered from lupus, a crippling disease that resulting in the loss of the use of her legs and eventually her death. This story demonstrates a sympathy for "freaks," as this hermaphrodite is called at the fair, and a respect for accepting the lot you are dealt in life. O'Connor wrote of the story in a letter

10: “I preach there are all kinds of truth, your truth and somebody else's, but behind all of them, there's only one truth and that is that there is no truth... No truth behind all truths is what I and this church preach! Where you come from is gone, where you thought you were going to never was there, and where you are is no good unless you can get away from it. Where is there a place for you to be? No place... In yourself right now is all the place you've got.” -Wise Blood | O'Connor shows her creativity to keep the readers wondering. If not looked into closely the wrong direction would be taken to go down the wrong path. O'Connor interprets that unless one knows themselves the truth can never truly be revealed.

11: He saw that no sin was too monstrous for him to claim as his own, and since God loved in proportion as He forgave, he felt ready at that instant to enter Paradise. -The Artificial Nigger" | In this story there are no hints as to the role that his "Christian faith" plays in his life. This type of sudden revelation is characteristic of O'Connor's style of writing. She takes a situation that seems to be heading a different direction but throws a "dead end" to make the reader go another way.

12: -The Wise Blood -The Violent Bear It Away -A Good Man is Hard to Find -Death Of a Child | -The Habit of Being -A Temple of the Holy Ghost -Good Country People -The Life You Save May Be Your Own -Revelation | LIST OF WORKS:

13: O'CONNOR | Often present complex experiences ' comical is showed throughout her stories Christianity is one of the important context Overly criticized for her work No test that lay out all the answers No prepackaged prescriptions for living Olympian Realism of Southern Gothic

14: Flannery O'Connor | America's Voice | Unique | Erect | Supreme | Great Literature | Imaging | Prevailing | Decieving | Deviating | Evolving | Intensify | great authors know how to portray a good message

15: Photo Gallery

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