FC: From Denis Didero's Encyclopedie
1: About Diderot | - French philosopher & writer - Served as chief editor of the Encyclopedie from 1745-1772 - Well known during Enlightenment period - Bad relationship with his father because he married a Roman Catholic with a low-class background who was 4 years older
2: "The fundamental principles of law and all justice are: to live honestly, not to give offense to anyone, and to render unto each whatever is his. From these general principles derive a great many particular rules which nature alone, that is, reason and equity, suggest to mankind." (288) - Influences people positively to have good morals. - Be honest, don't lie. - Treat others as you'd like to be treated. - Rules: Morals every man should abide by.
3: "It would not be proper for men to live without rules; rules presuppose a final goal; that of man is to aspire to happiness ... Since true happiness cannot be incompatible with the nature and condition of man, rules of conduct consist in a distinction between good and evil, in a comparison between past and present." (289) - Some order, in the form of rules, is eseential to function properly. - Man's goal in life is to be happy, rules can help get one there. - Rules of conduct should be followed to succeed.
4: "We cannot doubt realities of natural law since everything contributes to proving the existence of God. He has the right to prescribe laws to men and it is a consequence of His power, wisdom, and goodness to give men rules of conduct." (289) - God creates the laws we are to follow. - Because God is here and he createst he rules, they must exist. - People should strive to do good works and lead a Christian life.