FC: By Emily Bullard and Erin Flanagan
1: Home of the free...Because of the Brave | Table of Contents 2-12: People 13-19: Causes 20-31: A New Beginning 32-37: Events
3: Button Gwinnett | GA plantation owner who signed the Declaration of Independence | Became President of the Council of Safety in Feb. 1777 and then failed to capture St. Augustine, which led to a kerfluffle with McIntosh, resulting in a fatal duel for Button on May 16, 1777. | Was a Continental | Lived from 1735- May 19, 1777
4: LYMAN HALL | Lived from April 12, 1724- October 19, 1790 | Continental | Was viewed as the leader of the independence movement in GA; signer of the Declaration of Independence. | Served as a governor and a judge and then retired to a life of helping the growth of agricultural success in GA.
5: George Walton | Lived from 1741-February 2, 1804 | Continental | Self-educated lawyer from Savannah who signed the Declaration of Independence | Returned to congress post-war, but was criticized by the government for his association with the duel that killed Gwinnett and was given instructions to help the Cherokees in TN, then was appointed Chief Justice of his state. Served in the college of electors and elected governor again. Stepped down when a new constitution was put into place. Was immediately selected as a superior court judge. Was then sent to serve in the senate and was not reelected. Then retired to farming. Died in Augusta.
6: A spy who killed 2 British soldiers | Only woman to have a county named after her | 1735 – 1830 | Continental | Nancy Hart
7: Elijah Clarke | 1733 – Dec. 15, 1799 | Continentals | Led the Battle of Kettle Creek | Joined the GA General Assembly
8: Lived from Feb. 22, 1732- Dec. 14, 1799 | George Washington | Continental | Commanding General of the Continental Army | First President of the United States of America
9: Lived from Jan. 17, 1706 - Apr. 17, 1790 | Benjamin Franklin | Continental | On the committee to write the Declaration of Independence | Inventor (also proposed the Albany Plan of Union earlier)
10: Lived from Apr. 4, 1743- Jul. 4, 1826 | Continental | Main author of the Declaration of Independence | Third President of the United States of America | THOMAS JEFFERSON
11: Lived from January 14, 1741 - June 14, 1801 | Was a Continental, but then betrayed them for the British. | Famous for betraying the U.S. by trading with Britain. | Was never trusted, even by the British, and then attempted to pursue a career in the shipping business, but failed miserably. | Benedict Arnold
12: Helped to write GA's constitution | Lived from Jan. 16, 1734 – Mar. 1, 1782 | GA's 1st post-war governor | Continental | John Treutlen
14: Sugar Act | The Sugar Act of 1742 placed taxes on sugar and molasses imported from the West Indies. GA was concerned because it traded a lot with sugar producing countries like Jamaica and Barbados.
15: Stamp Act | The Stamp Act of 1765 placed taxes on anything made with paper. GA was the only colony to sell the stamps so they felt the affect.
16: The Boston Massacre occurred Match 5th, 1770. Insults between the colonists and soldiers became too carried away. The soldiers shot out into the surrounding crowd and 5 people died. | The Boston Massacre
17: The Tea Act happened in 1773. Only British East India company can sell to the colonists. Only the colonists can buy from them. The colonists had to spend much more money buying from them. | The Tea Act
18: The Boston Tea Party
19: The Boston Tea Party happened in November 1773. The colonists dressed up as Indians and dumped the tea into the Boston Harbor. The Boston Tea Party lead to the intolerable act of 1773 where the Boston Port was closed, only one town meeting a year, all British crimes tried in England and once again, ALL British soldiers were housed by colonists.
20: A New Beginning
21: Articles of Confederation
22: Articles of Confederation | The Articles of Confederation intentionally mad e the government weak, making it impossible to have one nation out of 13 independent states. The government couldn't make the colonists listen to their laws. It did not have the power to tax the colonists. The government did not have a national army or navy. Congress did not have a strong and steady leadership. There was no system of national courts. Each state could have its own paper money and could put tariffs on trade between states.
23: The Structure of the New Government made by the Georgia Constitution
24: Family, Fun, Food and Fireworks | The Georgia Constitution
25: The Georgia State Constitution of May 1777 made the government be based on the separation of citizens' powers and rights to agree with how they would be governed. It took away the parish system and made 8 counties. It replaced the bicameral government with a unicameral government. It really limited the governor's power, giving most of the power to the legislature. The first governor was John Treutlen.
26: Georgia made a new state constitution in 1789, which was new and improved. The changes made to the Constitution of Georgia made it much like the United States Constitution. From 1788-1789 delegates met in Augusta to change it. It made changes making Georgia have an Executive, Judicial and Legislative branch. It made the powers separated, but not equal.
27: BUT Georgia's State Constitution gets revised 10 more times!! | The most recent revision was in 1983!
28: The United States Constitution
29: The United States Constitution was written at the Constitutional Convention of 1787. The Constitution created a government with three branches, Executive, Legislative and Judicial. The Legislative branch has two houses, the Senate and House of Representatives. The Constitution has a way it can be changed if needed. The first ten amendments are called the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights was made to encourage the colonies to ratify, showing them that the stronger federal government wouldn't take away their rights like the British had in the past. It was approved by 1788. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the constitution.
30: Georgia's Constitutional Convention Representatives | William Few | Abraham Baldwin
31: Abraham Baldwin And William Few are Georgia's two Constitutional Convention Representatives.
33: Battles of Lexington and Concord | The Battles of Lexington and Concord consisted of 2 battles. They began on April 18, 1775. The Redcoats were attempting to capture John Hancock and Samuel Adams, but Paul Revere had warned them with his famous midnight ride. These 2 battles were the start of the Revolutionary War.
34: Battle of Kettle Creek | In February of 1779, the Battle of Kettle Creek took place. Colonel Elijah Clarke, who was later the namesake for Clarke County, conquered a mass of over 800 British soldiers. In this battle, Austin Dabney saved the life of Clarke, and was awarded with a valuable land grant. Through this battle, the Continental Army gained much needed support, supplies, and horses.
35: Yorktown | In September of 1781, the French and the Americans joined together for battle. Yorktown ended in the final surrender of General Cornwallis. This was the last official battle of the Revolutionary War that eventually, sent Britain packing.
36: Siege of Savannah | The Siege of Savannah, also known as the Battle of Savannah, happened in September of 1779. In this battle, 4,000 French soldiers and 15,000 American soldiers came together to try to regain the city of Savannah. One of the best patriots from a foreign country in America was Count Casimar Pulaski, who died in this battle. He was a major loss for the Continentals. Despite this battle, Savannah remained under British control for 3 more years.
37: Battle of Bunker Hill | In June of 1775, the Battle of Bunker Hill, the first important battle of the Revolutionary War, began. In this battle, the British won. Although our country lost, we actually showed that we were serious about gaining our independence and winning our freedom.
38: Erin's Bibliography (Includes "A New Beginning" and "Causes") | Georgia and the American Experience. Atlanta, Georgia: Clairmont Press, Inc., 2005. Print. | I also used the notes we took over this unit.
39: Emily's Works Cited | I used the notes we took also! | Events: