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Government and Econmic Comparison

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Government and Econmic Comparison - Page Text Content

BC: Aaron Coon

FC: Government and Economic Comparison United States vs. Japan

1: Government | Japan a parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy Capital- Tokyo | U.S. Constitution-based federal republic Capital- Washington D.C. | Type of Gov’t and Capital

2: Country's Divisions Japan 47 prefectures Ex: Tokyo, Okayama, Okinawa, Osaka, and Hiroshima U.S. 50 States Ex: Ohio, New York, Maine, Iowa, and Texas | Important Gov’t/Legal Documents and year Japan Constitution(current constitution adopted as amendment to Meiji Constitution) 3 May 1947 U.S. Constitution 17 September 1787

3: Branches of gov’t (head of branch, # of members, responsibilities of branch, name of body, important details, etc) Japan Executive Branch chief of state: Emperor AKIHITO (since 7 January 1989) head of government: Prime Minister Naoto KAN (since 8 June 2010) cabinet: Cabinet is appointed by the prime minister elections: Diet designates the prime minister; constitution requires that the prime minister commands parliamentary majority; following legislative elections, the leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition in House of Representatives usually becomes prime minister; the monarchy is hereditary

4: Branches of gov’t (head of branch, # of members, responsibilities of branch, name of body, important details, etc) Legislative Branch bicameral Diet or Kokkai consists of the House of Councillors or Sangi-in (242 seats - members elected for fixed six-year terms; half reelected every three years; 146 members in multi-seat constituencies and 96 by proportional representation) and the House of Representatives or Shugi-in (480 seats - members elected for maximum four-year terms; 300 in single-seat constituencies; 180 members by proportional representation in 11 regional blocs); the prime minister has the right to dissolve the House of Representatives at any time with the concurrence of the cabinet Judicial Branch Supreme Court (chief justice is appointed by the monarch after designation by the cabinet; all other justices are appointed by the cabinet

5: Branches of gov’t (head of branch, # of members, responsibilities of branch, name of body, important details, etc) U.S. Executive Branch chief of state: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph BIDEN (since 20 January 2009) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president with Senate approval Legislative Branch bicameral Congress consists of the Senate (100 seats, 2 members elected from each state by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third elected every two years) and the House of Representatives (435 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)

6: Judicial Branch Supreme Court (nine justices; nominated by the president and confirmed with the advice and consent of the Senate; appointed to serve for life); United States Courts of Appeal; United States District Courts; State and County Courts | Political Parties Japan Democratic Party of Japan or DPJ [Naoto KAN]; Japan Communist Party or JCP [Kazuo SHII]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Sadakazu TANIGAKI]; New Komeito or NK [Natsuo YAMAGUCHI]; People's New Party or PNP [Shizuka KAMEI]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Mizuho FUKUSHIMA]; Your Party or YP [Yoshimi WATANABE] U.S. Democratic Party; Green Party; Libertarian Party; Republican Party

7: Important Gov’t officials (past or present) Japan Emperor AKIHITO U.S. President-John F. Kennedy | Economy Type of Economy Japan Market Economy U.S. Market Economy

8: GDP: Purchasing Power Parity Japan U.S. $14.72 trillion $4.338 trillion | Labor force by occupations Japan agriculture: 3.9% industry: 26.2 services: 69.8% U.S. farming, forestry, and fishing: 0.7% manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts: 20.3% managerial, professional, and technical: 37.3% sales and office: 24.2% other services: 17.6% | Unemployment rate Japan U.S. 5.1% 9.7%

9: Products and industries Japan among world's largest and technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods U.S. highly diversified, world leading, high-technology innovator, second largest industrial output in world; petroleum, steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumber, mining

10: Exports: how much and commodities Japan $765.2 billion transport equipment, motor vehicles, semiconductors, electrical machinery, chemicals U.S. $1.27 trillion agricultural products (soybeans, fruit, corn) 9.2%, industrial supplies (organic chemicals) 26.8%, capital goods (transistors, aircraft, motor vehicle parts, computers, telecommunications equipment) 49.0%, consumer goods (automobiles, medicines) 15.0%

11: Imports: how much and commodities Japan $636.8 billion machinery and equipment, fuels, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, raw materials U.S. $1.903 trillion agricultural products 4.9%, industrial supplies 32.9% (crude oil 8.2%), capital goods 30.4% (computers, telecommunications equipment, motor vehicle parts, office machines, electric power machinery), consumer goods 31.8% (automobiles, clothing, medicines, furniture, toys)

12: Currency and Exchange rate to U.S. dollars Japan yen (JPY) per US dollar -87.78 U.S. Japanese yen per US dollar: 1.0346 | List of Resources used: Japan CIA World Fact Book, Google Images, and Google U.S. CIA World Fact Book, Google Images, and Google

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