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Group Four Final Project

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S: Social Problems Group Four -

BC: Sources http://www.justice.gov/ndic/pubs3/3978/index.htm http://www.cesar.umd.edu/cesar/drugs/crack.pdf http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/drugfact/crack/index.html http://www.drug-rehabs.org/drug-statistics-c.htm

FC: Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Society

1: Anyone can get addicted to drugs. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=SY2luGTX7Dk, video link to anyone can become addicted to drugs. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=zV6zKmt7S5E video link on why are drugs so hard to quit.. Both videos are from the NIDA and the website is http://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/addiction-science The photo was retrieved from Teen Drug Abuse http://www.recoveryconnection.org/teen-drug-addiction-treatment/

2: "Man adding Alcohol to his coffee." (c)Radius Images/Corbis.

3: Anyone can be an alcoholic. Often times its those that we least suspect. The party-going social drinkers and the stress drinkers are likely the ones to worry the most about because they are highly susceptible to their environment and current state of their lives. The alcohol gives them a sense of 'liquid courage,' to which they depend on as if the alcohol is 'Popeye's Spinach.' http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wnSXBW2Tl4Y

4: Sad young woman sitting with liquor bottle. (c) Sarah Kastner/Stock48/Corbis

5: Social butterfly or social bottle-popper? Binge drinking is a serious problem and is highly dangerous, in all age groups though the prevalence is seen in teens. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4tkHwy4XO6w http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&v=ean7tuXlYJ4&NR=1

6: Bob Marley at home in Kingston. March, 01, 1980. (c) Patrick Chauvel/Sygma/Corbis

7: Resin-coated hands clip medical marijuana in Northern California. (c) Bennett Barthelemy/Aurora Photos/Corbis.

9: Drug Usage Marijuana use has increased since 2007. In 2010, there were 17.4 million current (past-month) users—about 6.9 percent of people aged 12 or older—up from 14.4 million (5.8 percent) in 2007 In 2010, 7.0 million Americans aged 12 or older (or 2.7 percent) had used psychotherapeutic prescription drugs non-medically (without a prescription or in a manner or for a purpose not prescribed) in the past month—similar to previous years. And 1.2 million Americans (0.5 percent) had used hallucinogens (a category that includes Ecstasy and LSD) in the past month—unchanged from previous years. | National Institute on Drug Abuse, http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/nationwide-trends Updated August 2012

10: As shown in the graph before illicit drug use is on the rise. Pictures like this one are hard to ignore. we all go about our lives knowing that their are thousands of people every night using illegal street drugs and sleeping in abandoned buildings. However, what we do not often contemplate is the increase in illicit drug use may be due to the fact that more people jobs and mortgages and children who live with them are becoming addicted to illicit substances.

11: Intravenous Drug User c. 1980 © Ocean/Corbis

12: Illicit drug use in America has been increasing. In 2010, an estimated 22.6 million Americans aged 12 or older—or 8.9 percent of the population—had used an illicit drug or abused a psychotherapeutic medication (such as a pain reliever, stimulant, or tranquilizer) in the past month. This is up from 8.3 percent in 2002. The increase mostly reflects a recent rise in the use of marijuana, the most commonly used illicit drug. Retrieved from The National Institute on Drug Abuse http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/nationwide-trends

14: Illicit Drug Use More than half of new illicit drug users begin with marijuana. Next most common is prescription pain relievers, followed by inhalants (which is most common among younger teens). Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/nationwide-trends

17: Drug Usage and Age Drug use is highest among people in their late teens and twenties. In 2010, 23.1 percent of 18- to 20-year-olds reported using an illicit drug in the past month. Retrieved From http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/nationwide-trends

18: 12 year olds drinking 2011 unknown/Corbiss ©

19: USA Drinking Game - Beer Pong. June 24, 2006. (c) Andy Mills/Star Ledger/Corbis

20: Crack

21: 100 years after cocaine, a new form of the substance was introduced. -Popular in the mid-1980’s -Less expensive then cocaine -produces an instant high Last from 5-15 minutes

22: Short term Effects

23: -Increased blood pressure and -heart rate -Constricted peripheral blood vessels -Heavy breathing -Hyper-stimulation -Intense euphoria -Appetite secretion -Aggression -Depression -Drug craves -Sudden Death

24: Man snorting line of cocaine. (c) moodboard/Corbis

25: Crack Pipe Displayed by Police. May 21, 1986 (c) Bettmann/Corbis

26: Long Term Effects

27: -Severe depression -Irritability -Aggression -Delirium or Psychosis -Addiction -Hallucinations -Heart Attack/disease -Stroke -Respiratory failure -Brain seizures -Sexual dysfunction -Reproductive Damage -Death

29: A third of the 1.2 million Americans with HIV currently use drugs or binge on alcohol. Contrary to popular belief, it is not the sharing of contaminated injection equipment that primarily links drug use to the HIV epidemic. Rather, drug as well as alcohol use can impair judgment and lead to risky sexual behavior and HIV transmission. This is why substance abuse treatment can play an important role in preventing the spread of HIV Top figure: 1.2 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV, From 2005 to 2009, 1 in 3 persons with HIV was a current drug user or binged on alcohol. Bottom left figure: HIV incidence by transmission, 2009. Sexual contact - 88%, Intravenous Drug User (IDU) - 9%, Sex & IDU, 3% Bottom right figure - Drug and alcohol use are associated with less frequent condom use. 24% of all persons with HIV are in need of substance abuse treatment From CDC - http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/factsheets/us_overview.htm and NSDUH - http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k10/HIV-AIDS/HIV-AIDS.htm

31: Emerging Drugs “Spice” refers to a wide variety of herbal mixtures that produce experiences similar to marijuana (cannabis) and that are marketed as “safe,” legal alternatives to that drug. Sold under many names, including K2, fake weed, Yucatan Fire, Skunk, Moon Rocks, and others—and labeled “not for human consumption”—these products contain dried, shredded plant material and chemical additives that are responsible for their psychoactive (mind-altering) effects. Image courtesy of Coolidge Youth Coalition http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/emerging-drugs

33: Drug overdose rates in the U.S alone have tripled since 1990. The numbers for overdoses have never been higher. Opioid drugs, mostly used as painkillers, are some of the most addictive and fatal drugs. Because prescription drugs are not looked at with the same stigma as street drugs more people use them. In turn accidental overdose has become a large problem in the United States CDC. Vital Signs: Overdoses of Prescription Opioid Pain Relievers—United States, 1999-2008. MMWR 2011; 60: 1-6 Image used courtesy of Impact Lab http://www.impactlab.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/drug-abuse.jpg

35: Prison overcrowding is a major societal issue that is affected by drug and alcohol abuse. Many people in prison are locked up because of strict standards of punishments for minor drug offenses. Places such as gyms and cafeterias, like this one in the picture are now crowded with bunks, stacked three bunks high, to house criminals locked up for years for drugs like marijuana who many people agree should be outright legalized. Image used courtesy of Understand Governement http://understandinggov.org/tag/prison-overcrowding/

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