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FC: Hispanic Culture | Brittany & Shelley
1: Over the past 30 years, the Hispanic population has grown a tremendous amount in the United States. The term familia usually goes beyond the nuclear family. Individuals within a family have a moral responsiblility to aid other members of the family experiencing financial problems, unemployment, poor health conditions, and other life issues.
2: Health is generally viewed as being and looking clean; being able to rest and sleep well; feeling good and happy; having the ability to perform in one’s expected role as mother or father, worker, etc. Eating well and drinking fruit juices are common health promotion practices. | Exercise is often not perceived as a health promotion practice and is discouraged during illness. As with other issues, this will vary by educational level.
3: Hispanic cultures view illnesses, treatments, and foods as having "hot" or "cold" properties, although how these are ascribed may vary by country. Some consider health as the product of balance among four body humors. Blood & yellow bile are "hot", phlegm and black bile are "cold". One person would balance a hot illness with cold medications and foods. This might result in not following a doctor’s advice to drink lots of fluids for a common cold, if a person beleives such drinks add more coldness to body. Instead, hot liquids (teas, soups, broth) could be recommended.
4: Bilis – vomiting , diarrhea, headaches, dizziness, migraine, nightmares, loss of appetite, inability to urinate, brought on by livid rage and revenge fantasies. Believed to stem from bile pouring into bloodstream in response to strong emotion.
5: Empacho – lack of appetite, stomachache, diarrhea, vomiting, caused by poorly digested or uncooked food. Treated by massaging the stomach and drinking purgative tea, or by azarcon or greta, medicine that has been implicated in some cases of lead poisoning. Mal de ojo (evil eye) – Vomiting, fever, crying, restlessness, brought on by an admiring or covetous look from a person with an evil eye. Children susceptible. Preventable by wearing particular jewelry. Pasmo – tonic spasm of voluntary muscle; chronic cough or stomach pain; arrest of child’s growth and development, all brought by exposure to cold air when body is overheated. Susto (fright) – anorexia, insomnia, hallucinations, weakness, painful sensations, brought on by traumatic experiences. Treatment may include a barrida (spiritualistic cleansing by sweeping body with eggs, lemons, bay leaves), herb tea, prayer. Asthma may be called fatiga by Puerto Ricans.
6: Hispanic Traditional Healers
7: -For centuries, traditional healers such as Curanderos (healers who typically prescribe, prepare and administer cures), herbalists, and brujos have existed to help cure the native population; their belief systems of Santeria, Espiritismo, and Curandismo have co-existed as well. -These traditional medical treatments and belief systems have always been highly variable across regions and Latino sub-cultures, even for the same ailments. -These treatments involve a variety of different rituals based on purification, spiritualism and occasionally, repentance.
8: Methods of treatment
9: Known as "Spirit Cleansing", the traditional healer invokes the powers of the Gods to expel negative energies from the body, mind and spirit by reciting prayers, laying on of hands, cleansing with eggs and candles, or sweeping the air around the body with various medicinal plants. This ancient Mexican ritual clears the spirit to allow optimum healing and balance.
10: The Pases Magicos were developed by shamans and healers of pre-Hispanic Mexico and were passed down to us via Don Juan and Carlos Castaneda. Through this ancient system learn to increase vital energy, develop internal focus and deepen your conscious awareness.
12: Health beliefs within the Latino community deal with certain values and beliefs that Latinos have when treating a Latino man or woman. The values that guide Latino culture and people influence the type of interaction that individuals have with one another, but also with the health care system.
13: Jerarquismo is another example of a belief in about the way individuals deal with each other in terms of the relative positions they occupy within vertical or hierarchical social structure. (Villa et al., 1993) The last value is presentismo in which emphasis or value is given to present time and problems, as opposed to "traditionalism" which emphasizes past times and problems, or "futurism," which places an emphasis on time and problems yet to come. (Villa et al, 1993)
14: Latinos depend more on the family for services, emotional support, and advice than they do on health professionals. Health care within the Latino family probably consists of daily health care, common first aid, use of home remedies, health advice, and actual treatment for the "illness." Latinos often consult other family members on matters of health, illness, and treatment.