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History Project !

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FC: Proposal of Reconstruction for Terpakistan Written by the Official Advisors: Nicole Rogers & Brittany McClay

1: Proposal for the Reconstruction of Terpakistan As the two official advisors of President Terpak we, Nicole Rogers and Brittany McClay, hereby submit the following proposal of Reconstruction to repair the effects of this bloody Civil War. Most of these proposals will be drawn from the past, the Civil War between the Confederacy and the Union from the United States of America. These were many of the plans and agreements from the reconstruction of that Civil War. The President at that time was Abraham Lincoln and he led the United States back to unity.

2: First we would like to present the 10% Plan. We do not want to punish anyone for treason, we want to repair a stable government. If loyalty is proclaimed by 10% within the next presidential election we will create a new unified government. *10% Plan- President Lincoln’s plan to restore a regular government throughout the Confederacy, he wanted it to be moderate in order to reconcile the South and the Union and not punish them for treason. December of 1863 Lincoln put his plan into the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, he offered a pardon to Southerners who took a vow of loyalty to the U.S. and accepted the proclamation about slavery. When 10% of the states' voting population in the 1860 presidential election took this vow, a new state government would be organized.

3: We would like to refrain from Radical Reconstruction. We want to create a balance between both types of government where not one group would gain more control within the new organized government. *Radical Reconstruction-Radical Republicans didn’t want to reconcile with the South they had three main goals. First, was the prevention of Confederate leaders regaining power after the war, second the desire for the Republican Party to be a powerful institute in the South, and third the need for the federal government to assist African Americans achieve political equality by guaranteeing the right to vote in the South. Congressional Republicans understood the when the South restored with the Union, that would gain about 15 seats in the House of Representatives. The 3/5ths Compromise was no longer in place due to the abolition of slavery.

4: Seeing as this civil war in Terpakistan is slavery based there are some bases we must cover. We must tread lightly however we cannot deny that African Americans are indeed people so they deserve their natural rights. Let us reflect on the *Black Codes, these were laws set in place throughout the Southern states to basically keep blacks enslaved but still declared free. We want to unify but not under these conditions and circumstances so we suggest refraining from any laws similar or relevant to the Black Codes. *Series of laws restricting African American rights in the South passed by the Southern state legislatures. Black Codes were intended to keep blacks in a state similar to slavery, they varied state to state but maintained the same concept. These basically made blacks enter into labor contracts and black children to serve under apprenticeships. Black Codes enraged Northerners.

5: We want to restore and unify our nation. So we take a look back at the Presidential Reconstruction for reference. Johnson wanted to create a restoration program so he resembled Lincoln's primary Proclamation of Amnesty. Giving a pardon to citizens who vowed loyalty to the Union but giving an exclusion. The Confederacy must turn from their ways and conform in order to form an united government. *In May 1865 Johnson issued a new Proclamation of Amnesty supplementing the earlier one issued by President Lincoln. This pardoned all former citizens of the Confederacy who took a vow to the Union and returned their property. However this excluded former Confederate officers and officials and also Confederates owning land worth more than $20,000. A Pardon could be granted individually through the President. Johnson issued another Proclamation for North Carolina stating each former Confederate state must call a constitutional convention to revoke its’ ordinance of secession and ratify the 13th Amendment. The conventions must reject all Civil War debts.

6: As we begin to unify and restore the government we want our citizens to do the same. Reconstruction of the first civil war in the U.S references such discrimination and derogatory terms used against each other. Terms such as *carpetbaggers and *scalawags to describe intruders but these people weren't intruders at all they were neighbors. We do not want to create more turmoil or tension between our people. *Carpetbaggers- A term used by Southerners to refer to the Northern newcomers whose suitcases were made from carpet material. Local residents viewed them as intruders looking to exploit the South. Some were looking to take advantage of the war-torn area while others were just simply seeking new opportunities, and some just wanted to offer their help. *Scalawags- A term used by Southerners to refer to Southerners who worked with Republicans and supported Reconstruction. It is an old Scotch-Irish term for “weak, underfed, worthless animals.” They were very diverse ranging from former Whigs who joined the Democratic Party prior to war to small farm owners who didn’t wish for the wealthy to regain power. Some were just people who wanted the Republicans to develop the South’s economy.

7: The focus of this Civil War was slavery and referring back to 1865 amendments were used to create a distinction or resolution for that issue. These amendments were called the Civil War amendments because they grew from that conflict. These amendments set the stage for civil rights and began the movement to equality. We believed these amendments had succeeded and should be used to resolve our economy. *Thirteenth Amendment- January 31, 1865 the 13th Amendment was added to the Constitution banning slavery in the United States. *Fourteenth Amendment- In fear of the Civil Rights Act being overturned the Republicans introduced this amendment that granted born or naturalized in the U.S. and declared that no state could deprive any person of life, liberty, or property “without due process of law.” Also stating that no state could deny any person “equal protection of the laws.” *Fifteenth Amendments- This declared that the right to vote “shall not be denied on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” Ratified by March 1870this was a Republican-led effort to recognize the importance of African American suffrage.

8: Due to now having all these freed men and women, what options are offered to these people? We should definitely establish a program or system to aid these people through their transition. The South is trying to restrict these people so they need all the help they can get. During Reconstruction of the Civil War a bureau called the Freedman's Bureau helped blacks transition into their new life. This was progressive and had lasting contributions to the future of blacks people. *Freedman’s Bureau- Due to refugee crisis Congress established the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands called the Freedman’s Bureau. The goal was to feed and clothe war refugees in the South this prevented mass starvation. The Bureau also helped slaves get jobs on plantations and negotiate labor contracts. Lasting contribution in education it worked with Northern charities to educate the former slaves, also provided housing and paid teachers.

9: We believe it is not our land to take so we discourage taking the land in the South and redistributing it to black families. If we "pardoned" these people how can we take their land? I understand we want to encourage the freedom of slaves and aid them in their newly found freedom but this is punishment. Sherman's Special Field Order No. 15 reflects on this issue. *Sherman's Field Order No. 15- January 16, 1865 Union general William T. Sherman delegated his Special Field Order No. 15 to confiscate a strip of coastline stretching from South Carolina to the St. John’s River in Florida as the property of the Union. He then redistributed the land to many black families, this was roughly 40,000 acres into 40 acre segments.

10: Sharecropping and tenant farming are basically ways of enslaving people without the term. A debt is built and labor contracts are made. We want to assist blacks so they do not have to go back to working for these planters. *Sharecropping- Rented land paid by a share of the grown crop, as much as one-half to two-thirds. This covered rent as well as seed, fertilizer, tools, and needed animals. Share croppers often became trapped due to a financial condition called debt peonage. Landlords would not provide enough supplies to produce crops so sharecroppers went to local suppliers on credit and were charged an interest rate as high as 40%. To ensure payments laws called crop liens were set in place where the landlord could take crops to cover your debt. *Tenant Farming- Rented land where you must work for wages paying for the land as you farmed.

11: The Port Royal Experiment was a great example of what Reconstruction should have been. Many white planters had fled their lands in the South leaving many new freed people there Northern charities had stepped into the equation to support and aid these people. Black people showed whites that they were independent and could work on their own without "white control". However in 1865 President Andrew Jackson ended the experiment and returned it back to their white owners.

13: This cartoon displays the moral agreement between the Ku Klux Klan and the state governments. Even though blacks were now freed white people still saw them as property and should be treated as such. Black people had no protection.

16: To avoid impeachment of the President, you have to basically make sure that all parties are on one accord. In the Reconstruction phase After Civil War, the executive branch and legislative branch had tension. Johnson was the senate of the Confederates before becoming president, basically the one who sparked the Civil War. The Radical Republican still believe that as President, Johnson, would enact the hardlines of the Reconstruction policies, for the protection of newly freed slaves, and punishments for former slave owners, governments and military leaders. Instead, in becoming president he vetoed legislation that extended Civil rights and financial support of free slaves, he also put in office former confederates. The government then past and act called "The Tenure of Office Act" which did not allow the president to fire anyone that is high in office without the consent of the Congress. This was put in place to prevent Johnson from firing a republican out office, and soon enough he did. Which made the Congress furious and there started the problem. With all the things happening, eleven articles of impeachment came about detailing his high crimes and misdemeanor. So, looking back at those problems, between the Congress and the President, we can see what not to do. We have to make sure we vote for the right person, that will go through with all the Reconstruction plans we come up with, and make sure we all want the same thing!

17: To avoid any type of discrimination group, we have to make sure that the the government and military has full control of everything that goes on. In the Reconstruction Phase back then, a secret society called the Ku Klux Klan was organized by southerners started in 1866 by former Confederate solider in Pulaski, Tennessee. The primary goal of the Klan was to drive out Union troops and carpetbaggers to regain control of the South for the Democrats. This resulted in the u Klux Klan Act which didnt really flourish because the men that were being tried in the south by their own people. Therefore,many Klan members were never convicted Us, now we have to make sure that we never let discrimination go that far, as to where we have basically no control , and the ball is now in their court not ours. If there is a chance where this could possibly happen, then we make sure those in it is tried fairly and put behind bars where they should be.

18: In trying to reunify our nation, you need a leader that is fair and that is not prejudice. Also, someone who knows how to in a way take control, but also, not corrupt or give us a bad name and keep our high reputation. Looking back at the Reconstruction Era, Ulysses S. Grant was just that. He came into office as Republican President. Even though he became president he still remained the commander of the armed force. He had to send out troops to protect the rights and safety of African Americans from the hanious crime group Ku Klux Klan. He also, gave the African Americans a chance to vote and to become candidates for the elections in 1867. He was doing the job that needed to be done, in giving the African Americans equal opportunity. Now, take notes on where he went wrong at. In his second term of being president There were a series of scandals came about, hurting his reputation. From his scandals ans bad investments, the Panic of 1873 came about. He brought down the Republican name which gave the opportunity for the Democrats to take over , and they did. When the Democrats take over they were able to win back the support of white farm owners, in which they had in the past. This was done by appealing more to the white racism and labeling the election as the struggle between the white and black democrats, this was called the time of redemption. *The Panic of 1873 was a great economic depression, caused by bad railroad investments. It force bankruptcy on a powerful bank company, causing thousands of businesses to be shutdown and thousands people of out of work.

19: You Also, need people to help you push to get what need to get done. You need Radical Republicans like Charles Sumner. He believe that the former Confederate States should be treated as if they are conquered territories that are controlled not by the Union but by the Congress. He came up with the proposal that advocated and push the African American which was the Civil Rights Act of 1875. He also did not believe that the ex-confederate should have any political office. A man like that is much needed to do what is needed to be done to create equal rights. The Civil Rights of 1875 would also be very successful if enforced everyday all day. During those time it wasn't as enforced as much in the south and later it was stopped because it was said to control the conduct of how people act. *Civil Rights 1875 was made to provide fair and equal treatment to African Americans.

20: Two things that failed in the Reconstruction Era was the U.S. vs Criuishank and the Slaughterhouse Case. In the U.S vs. Cruishank was when an armed white mob in Colfax Louisiana known as the Colfax Massacre, attacked the and killed more over one hundred African Americans during a heated contested election. The court then ruled that the ruling against the three white guys who were the ringleaders, under the Enforcement Act was indeed faulty. Under the 14th amendment it only said the equal protection and right in states not for one person, or people. So, you have to be more specific as in the laws you set. People will find ways around what they know is wrong to be right. The Slaughter House Cases 1869 Louisiana legislative enacted something in which they granted seventeen people the right to operate slaughterhouses they rest would have to close down. The butchers who still want to continue his trade would have to be permitted and have to pay. Therefore twenty-five filed a suit in which they say this is and violation of the newly created 14th amendment. This case was the first to be taken to the supreme court. They lost the case as in where the court ruled saying that the 14th amendment did not apply it was only for the effect of citizenship. This is not good because it again limiting people rights.

21: We also need to have more black strong Republican leaders in Office. A leader like Hiram Revels, who was the first Senate member and U.S Congress member. He was the representative of the state of Mississippi as the Republican of the during the Era of Reconstruction. He was very smart and was a great public speaker. A lot of the Southerners that were democrats did not want him to be in the election. They said that he was not a free citizen of the . United States, or saying he was not citizen long enough. Saying that he was breaking the 14th amendment. The Republicans said hes not fully African. | The Compromise of 1877 back then was the ending of the Reconstruction. Rutherford B. Hayes was elected to become president by the Republican in response the Democrats elected someone and the race was close. They came to a compromise stating that the Democrats have the control of the south region and Rutherford will be appointed president. The South had demands for the before letting him become president. They wanted all the troops to be sent out of the south, but they can remain in South Carolina, Florida, and Louisiana. It had to be at least one democrat in office with the president. He also wanted the government industrialize the south. There is always going to have to be compromise when wanting to end the reconstructions, so we have to do whats best for the people.

22: The Military Reconstruction Act separated the military into five divisions, this made the military easier to control and manage. The State of Tennessee was the only one excluded from this. This Act was established in May 1867 and each division was controlled by their own officer generals and it ratified the Fourteenth Amendment. Also it granted each state the right to create their own Constitution. This was very successful because it allowed our army to be easily controlled, we would definitely want to utilize this act today in our Reconstruction.

23: To conclude our proposal we think Reconstruction had periods of success but all together it can be considered a fail. There were definitely points throughout Reconstruction that could be successful but there were also failures.

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