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Holocaust Mixbook Rwanda

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BC: The End

FC: Rwanda Genocide April 7 1994- July 17 1994 | Makenzie Furr Holocaust & Genocide Period 1 1/10/2012

1: "We didn't learn anything from the Holocaust and it happened again in Rwanda. We didn't learn anything from Rwanda because it's happening in Darfur. The world is watching, but they don't get it." -LEO KABALISA (Rwanda Genocide Survivor)

2: The Rwanda Genocide The Genocide started as a rebellious uprising of the RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front) a rebel group, composed mostly of Tutsi refugees, against the Hutu government in 1990. This started the Rwandan Civil War which caused tensions between the two groups. The Hutu ideology was that the Tutsi intended to enslave all Hutu people so they must be resisted at ALL costs. These two groups had been disputing for a while but the event that started the fire was when the Rwandan President Habyarimana was assassinated. This event sparked the mass killings of Tutsis and pro-peace Hutus. The killings started in April 1994 by two Hutu militias associated with political parties such as the Interahamwe and the Impuzamugambi. The genocide was directed by a Hutu power group known as the Akazu. The killings went on for 100 days and marked the end of the peace agreement meant to end the war. More than 800,000 Tutsi and pro-peace Hutus were murdered. In the end the RPF seized power in Rwanda but they will never be able to replace all that the Tutis lost.

3: "If the pictures of tens of thousands of human bodies being gnawed on by dogs do not wake us out of our apathy, I do not know what will." - Undersecretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan in 1994, as quoted in The East Africa 18 March 1996.

4: Rwanda's population in 1994 consisted of seven million people. The population was composed of three different ethnic groups; the Hutu, the Tutsi and the Twa. During the 1990s, Rwanda was suffering from increasing social, economic, and political pressures which Hutu extremists blamed on the Tutsis. The Tutsis were also accused of supporting a rebel group called the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). This group was a force who were trying to overthrow the Hutu government. This did not settle well with Habyarimana, the president who was Hutu. Through the use of propaganda and political maneuvering, he and his group increased divisions between the Hutu and Tutsi. Many of the Hutus not only resented but also feared the Tutsi and wanted to end their persistent threat to the government. | http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/genocide/genocide_in_rwanda.htm

5: Since 1973 President Habyarimana had run a totalitarian regime in Rwanda. This regime had excluded all Tutsis from participating in the government and having any say in how the country was ran. On August 3, 1993 Habyarimana signed the Arusha Accords, which gave Tutsis the ability to participate in the government and it weakened the Hutu hold on Rwanda. This greatly upset Hutu extremists. | "These killings were not as a result of a 'pre-planned government-led genocide' or 'conspiracy,'" - Juvenal Habyarimana | http://history1900s.about.com/od/rwandangenocide/a/Rwanda-Genocide.htm http://flair.wittysparks.com/quotes/Juvenal+Habyarimana

6: The problems with government power struggles and the talk of the RPF's attempt to overthrow the government, Hutu extremists were on edge. The plane crash which killed the President set them off and within 24 hours after the crash, Hutu extremists had taken over the government, blamed the Tutsis for the assassination,and begun the slaughter. The killings began in Rwanda's capital city of Kigali. Hutu extremists set up road blocks which blocked Tusis from escaping. They checked identification cards and killed all who were Tutsi. Most of the killing was done with machetes, clubs, or knives. Over the next few days and weeks, road blocks were set up around all of Rwanda. This killings continued as Hutus tricked Tutsis into coming to churches, schools, and other public places in order to kill a massive number of people at one time. | http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/1288230.stm http://history1900s.about.com/od/rwandangenocide/a/Rwanda-Genocide.htm

7: Killings Began | http://www.rwanda-genocide.org/background.html

8: As the killings continued to get worse and with no sign of U.N. deployment, the Security Council authorizes the deployment of French forces in south-west Rwanda. This was called "Operation Turquoise." When the French arrived they create a "safe area" in territory controlled by the government. However, killings of Tutsis continue in the safe area. There was no place the Tutsis could go where they were safe.. By mid-July RPF forces captured Kigali and the Hutu government fled to Zaire. The RPF set up an interim government of national unity in Kigali.. Refugee camps and displaced person camps were set up all around Rwanda. Although disease and more killings claim additional lives in the refugee camps, the genocide ended with an estimated 800,000 Rwandans dead in 100 days. | http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/evil/etc/slaughter.html

9: In Kigali, Rwanda President Clinton apologizes to the victims of genocide. "... the international community, together with nations in Africa, must bear its share of responsibility for this tragedy, as well. We did not act quickly enough after the killing began. We should not have allowed the refugee camps to become safe havens for the killers. We did not immediately call these crimes by their rightful name: genocide. We cannot change the past. But we can and must do everything in our power to help you build a future without fear, and full of hope ..." | http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/evil/etc/slaughter.html

10: There was no way to say the Genocide wasn't happening. There was everyday coverage by news crews or reporters. Despite the evidence of genocide and the knowledge as to who were the perpetrators, United States officials decided against taking a leading role in confronting the slaughter in Rwanda. The only role the US took was making public statements, initiatives for a ceasefire, and attempts to contact both the government perpetrating the killings and the RPF. In late July, with the evidence of genocide covering the ground in Rwanda, the US did lend a hand in a supporting role—by assisting humanitarian relief efforts for those displaced by the genocide. | http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB53/index.html

11: Contrast The differences in the Holocaust and the Rwanda Genocide is that the Holocaust was planned out and everything was systematic. They kept records and numbered their victims so they would be able to know how many were dead. In Rwanda it was an impulsive Genocide. The Hutus started killing within 24 hours of the crash and had no plan, they just murdered. Another difference was that the Nazis used "non attachment" killing methods such was gassing and starvation. The Hutus killed their victims with machetes or other knives. | Compare The Holocaust and the Rwanda Genocide are very similar. They both used the term "Final Solution" in their plans to eliminate their victims. They both manipulated their victims into coming out of hiding in large groups in order to kill a mass number of people. Both the Nazi's and the Hutu's blamed their victims for the problems in their country and felt that the country would be better without them. The Nazi's and the Hutus were very brutal in their killings and never showed remorse for heir actions. | http://www.gendercide.org/case_rwanda.html

12: Learning how people "helped" during the Rwanda Genocide showed me that I want to do everything I can to make sure this never happens again. I want to travel to countries like Rwanda who need help in refugee camps or displaced persons camps and help in any way they need. I would start a supply drive and send the simple things they need to them so they can try to start their lives again. It really bothered me that the US did nothing to help the victims when they knew what was happening. This makes me think about who I would vote for because I want leaders who will help others when needed and not just sit back and watch injustice happen.

13: By studying about the Rwanda genocide I am going to start thinking about my actions and how I should help others in any way i can. My topic opened my eyes and showed me that I should start focusing on the bigger issues in the world and not the little drama problems that are happening in school. There are people out there suffering and I should put my energy into finding ways to help those in other countries. No one should suffer, and no one should feel like no one cares about them. I want to stop Genocide and help provide relief to those suffering now.

14: Works Cited 1994, late March. "The Genocide (HRW Report - Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda, March 1999)." Human Rights Watch | Defending Human Rights Worldwide. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012 . "Australia, Guatemala, Rwanda and Libya." Pro-Black-In Consideration of African Americans. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012. . "BBC NEWS | Africa | Rwanda: How the genocide happened." BBC News - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Jan. 2012. . Boddy-Evans, Alistair. "Quotes: Rwandan Genocide." African History -- Explore the History of Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Jan. 2012. . "GENOCIDE - RWANDA." Peace Pledge Union. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012. . "Genocide in Rwanda | United Human Rights Council." The United Human Rights Council | Educate Yourself & Others to Bring Change in the World. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012.

15: Work Cited Continued | "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012. . "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012. "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012. . "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Jan. 2012. .

16: "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012. . "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Jan. 2012. . "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012. . "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012. . "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012. .

17: "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Jan. 2012. . "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Jan. 2012. . "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Jan. 2012. . "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Jan. 2012. . "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Jan. 2012. .

18: "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Jan. 2012. . Rosenberg, Jennifer. "Rwanda Genocide - A Short History of the Rwanda Genocide." 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Jan. 2012. . "Rwanda genocide, a photo from Nord-Kivu, North | TrekEarth." Learning about the world through photography | TrekEarth. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012. . Shah, Anup. "Rwanda ” Global Issues." Global Issues : social, political, economic and environmental issues that affect us all ” Global Issues. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012. . "The U.S. and the Genocide in Rwanda 1994: Evidence of Inaction." The George Washington University. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Jan. 2012. . "The Wake of Genocide." The Wake of Genocide. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Jan. 2012. . assailants., machete-wielding. "Gendercide Watch: Rwanda." Gendercide Watch - main page. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2012. . national, Ethiopian U.N. troops. The RPF sets up an interim government of. "100 Days Of Slaughter | The Triumph Of Evil | FRONTLINE | PBS." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Jan. 2012. .

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