FC: The Honey Making System By: Ashlyn Rustin and Ellie Askew
1: Do you ever wonder how a tiny honey bee can make the honey that you spread on your toast in the morning?
2: The honey making procedure is a great example of an open system. Why is the process of making honey an open system? Well, let's find out. | First, we must find out how honey is made. It all starts with the honey bee.
3: To begin making honey, the honey bee visits a flower to gather nectar. | They use their long tongues to suck the nectar out of the flower.
4: The nectar is then saved in the bee's "Honey Stomach." | The bee may visit up to 1,500 flowers until its honey stomach is full! | A honey bee's honey stomach can weigh as much as the bee itself when full.
5: The bee returns to the hive. | The worker bees in the hive take the honey from the honey bee's honey stomach. They draw the honey out of the bee's honey stomach with their long tongues.
6: The job is then passed on to the worker bees. | For about a half hour, the worker bees chew the honey.
7: The chewing process causes the nectar to be broken down into simpler sugars. | Once the nectar is broken down, it can be stored without obtaining bacteria.
8: The worker bee then regurgitates the honey into the honey comb. | Water then evaporates from the "liquid honey" making it thick . To dry the honey even faster, the worker bees fan the honey with their wings.
9: Once the honey is dry, the worker bee seals the honey comb with a layer of wax. The honey is now preserved until eater. | Did you know: A colony of honey bees can eat up to 200 pounds of honey a year!
10: The process of making honey is lengthy, and the honey goes through many changes throughout the process. | Even though the process is natural, the system is not 100% efficient. That is why honey making is an open system. It follows the second law of thermodynamics.
11: The second law of thermodynamics explains "entropy". This says that matter and energy degrade as they are used. | For example, when the worker bee chews the nectar, the nectar degrades into simpler sugars.
12: Of course, the honey making system follows the first law of thermodynamics, which states: | Matter and energy can neither be created nor destroyed, it is just transferred.
13: The honey was not created, nor was the nectar destroyed. | An example that follows this law is when the honey was drying, the water evaporated. It was transferred into the air.
14: There are both Inputs and Outputs. Nectar is the input and honey is the output.
15: When the honey is eaten by the honeybee, energy is put in its body from the nutrients. | The honey has stored potential energy when it is contained in the honey comb. Even though honey is slow-moving, it still has potential kinetic energy.
16: Heat is created when the honey bee is moving around, hunting for nectar. The bee loses this energy as waste heat. | Also, the honey loses energy. When it is drying in the honeycomb, the molecules slow down and lose energy as waste heat.
17: That's all folks.