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I-N-S-P-E-C-T Westward Expansion

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FC: I-N-S-P-E-C-T Westward Expansion By: Lindsey Carpenter

1: Andrew Jackson (Left) was the man that came up with the idea of removing the Indians and letting the settlers on the East coast move westward and explore the territory that no one else had explored. | The men that Jackson chose to do the main exploration were Meriwether Lewis and WIlliam Clark,(right). These two men chose other men to go along with them on their journey across America. They were the first people to search America in the west.

2: When Andrew Jackson decided that removing the Indians from the territory they were living on, and letting the settlers move onto it was the best idea, he passed the Indian Removal Act. This act allowed the government to pay the Indians to move off of their land that they had been living on for years. Once this act was past the process began. | Jackson set aside a piece of land, which he called the "Indian Land". This land was in what is now a tiny corner of Oklahoma. There were Indian groups, however, that refused the act. They did not want to leave their land so other people could have it. The one group of Indians that put up the biggest fight were the indians of the Cherokee Nation.

3: When the Cherokee Indians refused to leave, the federal government persuaded a few of the Cherokee members to sign a treaty. Although most of the members pleaded for understanding | Jackson did not soften. Jackson threatened the Cherokee with an army, and told them that if they did not leave he would send in the troops. The Indians, although sad and upset, gave in to Jackson. As the Cherokee members were | leaving, they walked on one path all they way to their destination. They encountered bad weather, and they experienced many deaths. This trail that they traveled on, is now known as the Trail Of Tears.

4: River travel was an important and useful method of traveling. The idea of building canals made the process of river traveling much easier and more efficient. The canal was an important idea that helped a lot of people.

5: The canals that were built were a huge help to a lot of people. It made it easier for farmers to ship crops to trade markets all over the world. It also made traveling west a lot easier, being that people coming from other bodies of water had a way of entering the U.S. on the water.

6: When the Indians began moving west, they found out that the land was not like the land in the East. The land in the East was perfect for faming and they could have crops growing all year. The problem with the land in the West it was very dry and mountainous. This landscape was not good for growing crops.

7: The settlers that were moving west were mostly farmers and fur traders. The farmers obviously needed good soil to continue to grow crops and the fur | traders needed animals to trap. The farmers were upset when they got out there and their crops were not growing the same way they did out East. The crops were not growing and it was not making the farmers happy. The fur traders on the other hand needed places to hunt where the animals were. They tried hunting in the mountains, but after a while they realized that the mountainous region was not good for hunting and trading. They needed better land.

8: Most people that settled in America wanted land where they could farm. Few white settler lived west of the Mississippi River because the land seemed to be dry and unsuitable for farming. If they were going to move, they wanted a place where they could continue their farms and make money. | The land on the western part of the river, was not as good of land as on the eastern side. The soil was not good enough to continue to grow crops for a full season.

9: The land that was suitable for farming was what the settlers wanted. When the settlers began moving west, they realized that the land was not what they thought it was. The land had a lot of rugged terrain and trees. There were not a lot of open fields throughout the northern part of the western United States.

10: When the men would get bored and want to attend a social event, many would go and wrestle. A lot of the men would find joy in meeting with other men and having a social gathering. Since no other sports had been invented yet, the men would begin a new sport of wrestling. A lot of the people realized that life out west was not as high class as out east. They had to find things to do on their own. There were not planned events that people could attend. So the men began a new sport of wrestling that is still a popular sport today.

11: A lot of the time while the women were at home alone they would want to find something to do with other people. Most of the time the ladies would attend their own social event when their husbands were at their social event of wrestling. A lot of the time the ladies would get together and sew and quilt. With the sewing machine being a new invention during this time, quilting for these ladies became a lot easier. When they would want to begin a special project, many of the ladies would come together and begin making quilt or blanket together. The women thought it was necessary to give a new born child a baby blanket from all the women that would meet the child. The child would keep this blanket with them for the rest of their lives and pass it on to their children. The new child would also receive a blanket that would be newly made. This was what the women would do when they would all get together at a social gathering.

12: When the families would want to get together as a family and go to a social event, they would most likely attend a cornhusking. The cornhuskings | were meant to be for families to come together to have some fun, and have a barbecue type of thing. When a family was going through a hard time, the | rest of the town would get together at a cornhusking to help out the family. They would meet at a time when they can all relax and begin the process of healing.

13: Having a corn- husking party at your house meant, that you would be there for anybody in your community when anyone needed help. If you were hosting the party, you would need to have your house as perfect as possible to show off the way that you live. They would want everyone else that would be coming over to think that they have the best house in the community.

14: The two main candidates that were running for president were Andrew Jackson and John Adams. By the election is 1828, the voting party had divided into two different parties. The Democratic-Republicans, and the National Republicans. The Democratic- Republicans were known as the Democrats and supported Jackson. The National- Republicans were known as the Republicans. These were the two official parties. The Republicans supported Adams and what he had to offer.

15: One of the men that was running for the next president was Andrew Jackson. During the election of 1828, Jackson had the benefit in the end. Jackson had received the largest number of popular votes. Although, neither one of the candidates received more than half of the electoral votes, Jackson did receive most of them. He received 99 electoral votes. Many of the Democrats that voted for Jackson were from the frontier, were immigrants, or they were laborers from a large city. The Democrats were people that supported state rights, and did not trust large central governments. They wanted the government to be equal in all areas, not just one in particular area.

16: did want Adams as president wanted a strong central government. Many of them supported federal things, such as rail roads, banks, etc. Many of the people on Adams' side were either farmers or merchants. Adams tried is hardest to beat Jackson, but it just wasn't enough. Jackson became the president of the Unites States in the election of 1828. | The other man that was running for presidency was John Adams. Since Jackson had most of the votes, it was going to be almost impossible for Adams to become president. Although there were some people that did want him as president, it just wasn't enough. The people that

17: This is one of the posters from 1828 that Jackson used as he campaigned for the presidency.

18: Many ways that people made money in the South were on cotton farms. The farmers would have their slaves pick the cotton and then they would go sell the cotton after if was cleaned, at markets and trade it for other items that they would need. If the cotton was picked, and cleaned the right way, farmers could make a ton of money on a field of cotton.

19: While the men were out running the cotton farms, many of the women would be inside making rugs and quilts. The ladies would take plants and dye them the colors that they wanted. This is how they would make the rugs. When the rugs and quilts were complete, they would take them with the items made from the cotton to the trade markets and sell it.

20: There was a time, though, when earning money was tough. This is known as the Panic of 1837. During this time, land values dropped sharply, banks failed, and investments declined suddenly. Many people lost their jobs, and many farmers fell into debt and lost their land. The price of cotton fell to record lows, and many people could not afford food or rent.

21: A lot of the women during this time period did not have a lot of time to do things. But with that extra time, they took cotton and made things that were very helpful items. | A lot of what the women did during this time, were make rugs and blankets. The sewing machine had just been invented so it made it a lot easier to make the things that they wanted.

22: While the women in the family would be in the house making sewing the blankets and rugs together, many of the men would be out managing the fields. It was the mens job to hire slaves that could pick the cotton and make money.

23: The invention of the cotton gin was a very helpful tool. It was a simple machine that removed cotton seeds from the cotton fiber. | Eli Whitney was the man responsible for inventing the cotton gin. The machine he came up with let one person work as fast as 50 people working by hand.

24: Interchangeable parts were another invention that Eli Whitney came up with. The parts that he made were exactly the same in size and shape. Since all the parts were the same they could be manufactured with less-skilled labor. If one of the parts broke on a machine in a factory or something, the part could easily be replaced with an extra one that was on hand. With the parts all the same they could order parts in bulk and always have extras on hand.

25: This is one of the very first sewing machines built by this company. The sewing machine was very important to the women during this period, because it made making blankets and rugs much easier.

26: Cause and Effect! The effects from from Indian Removal that were intended were to have the native Americans move off of their land so that more settlers could move onto it. The effect not intended were that so many of the Cherokee would die on their way westward. They did not plan on initials dying, only moving to a new part of the country.

27: Change and Continuity! The thing that has changed the most is how the Cherokee Indians live. They used to live as a whole nation together, but after the Indian Removal Act, some of the Cherokee Indians had to be removed from their home land, and moved to a new part of America. While some of them stayed where they first began living. They no longer live as a whole Nation together.

28: Turning Points! The decision to remove the Indians from their homes and their territory that they had lived on for years, had a huge effect on how they lived forever. The Indians now live scattered all across western America. Before they were to be removed, all Indians lived near each other in the eastern part of America. They way that they live their lives, to this day, has significant differences than how they lived before. These Indians will never live the same as they did, before they were removed from their home lands.

29: Through Their Eyes! The skills that people needed to have to survive were mostly farming. A lot of the people needed to be | able to farm, because that was one of the main ways to make money. The most famous thing to grow in the South was cotton. People could grow | cotton, and make a lot of other things with it. The women would take it and make clothes, and other things out of it, and people would also jsut sell it to other people to make their own things with it.

30: Using The Past! We can learn from Indian Removal that when we try to move people off their homelands, and they fight back, the outcome will not be good. Either the government will threaten them with an army, or like the trail of tears, many people will move, but there will be a lot of deaths on their way.

31: Works Cited Appleby, Joyce. The American Republic To 1877. New York, NY: McGraw Hill, 2005. 306-378.

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