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"INSPECT" the Journey to Western America

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BC: Citations "Andrew Jackson." BrainyQuote.com. Xplore Inc, 2010. 26 April. 2010. http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/ authors/a/andrew_jackson.hlml

FC: "INSPECT" the Journey to Western America By Faith Filipiak

1: Table of Contents I-Ideas...2-5 N-Natural/Geographic...6-7 S-Social...8-9 P-Political...10-13 E-Economic...14-15 C-Cultural...16-17 T-Technological/Scientific...18-19 Conclusion...20 Citation...21

2: Ideas: The Trail of Tears shows the removal of Native Americans from their home land by means of force. They were then put onto reservations further West.

3: Congress passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830. It allowed the federal government to pay Native Americans to move West. Many Natives felt compelled to accept the money for their land. In 1834 Congress created the Indian Territory for Natives from the Southeast. Some Natives like the Cherokee, however, refused to give up their land. This is What persuaded the government to trick a few Cherokee to sign a treaty giving up their peoples land. This was not honored by most. This made the government threaten by means of force. But it finally did the trick and they agreed to move. In the end, many Native Americans went through the same thing the Cherokee went through all because of the idea of Indian Removal.

4: These images represent canals that became popular around this time period. They were excellent means of travel as well as important for shipping items for factories as well as other businesses.

5: The idea for the canal sparked the movement to the West. They were great for travel as well as shipping. Farmers were | able to ship their crops to market easily and efficiently. The idea for creating canals sparked the movement to | the West like nothing else before because of its convenience as well as its efficiency. It helped make the move for many an easy decision.

6: Natural/Geographic: Mountains played a huge part in Western expansion. They provided great areas from which to collect beaver pelts, which led to the decline of the beaver population. These fur traders set up several trading posts in the region.

7: The gold rush also played a big role in western expansion. People from all over the world flocked to California in search of quick riches. More than 80,000 | people came there looking for gold in 1849 alone. Almost every person from every line of work dropped everything in the search for gold. As a result, boomtowns were created. Most miners found little or no gold and those who did usually lost it gambling. Merchants were the ones who made the huge profits from the rush.

8: Social: Storytelling was a huge social aspect of Western expansion. Mountain men would sit around and swap stories about their adventures. This was an effective and fun way to spread information.

9: During the gold rush, there were no police officers or prisons. This posed a threat to business owners and miners. Because of this, concerned citizens | formed vigilance committees to protect themselves. The vigilantes took the law into their own hands. They acted as police, judge, jury, and sometimes executioner. They were the ones who really took control when they heard things were going bad. They were a big help in towns.

10: Political: "Americans are not a perfect people, but we are called to a perfect mission." Andrew Jackson promised equal protection and equal benefits for all Americans. During his first term as president, he played around with the idea of equality spread through American politics. With this idea, suffrage in the states began to expand. By the 2820s, people who had not been allowed to vote, could now vote for the first time. Because of this, today almost everyone has the right to vote.

11: Jackson also had some problems that needed to be solved. One of them included the southern problem with tariffs. The Southern Carolina legislators threatened to secede from the Union if the federal government tried to interfere with the Nullification Act. To ease this crisis, Jackson supported a compromise bill that would gradually lower the tariff over several years. It was accepted. | Another huge battle Jackson had to face was the war against the Bank. The Bank of the United Stated was a powerful institution. It held the federal governments money and controlled much of the country's money supply. Jackson, once re-elected, ordered the withdrawal of all government deposits from the Bank. In 1863 he refused to sign a new charter for the Bank, and it closed.

12: The Missouri Compromise was created to end the problem that revolved around adding Missouri to the States. The South wanted it admitted as a slave state ,and Northerners wanted it to be free of slavery. Eventually, Henry Clay helped to sort the whole thing out for good. This plan was called the Missouri Compromise.

13: Some observers feared for the future Union. The Compromise was reached in March 1820 and stated that Missouri was a slave state and that Main was a free state. This agreement banned slavery in the remainder of Louisiana Territory north of the 36 30N parallel.

14: Economic: Farming was one of the main ways to make money during this time period. It was usually done on small farms. When the crops were harvested, they were brought to market. (cash crops) | In the South, slaves were used to pick crops such as cotton on lager farms. This was cheep and very efficient. The concept of slave labor was generally only used on bigger farms.

15: Working in a factory was one of the other main ways to make money in this time period. Factory positions opened up not long after the Industrial Revolution began. One of the big factories of the time was the Lowell Mill. It launched the factory system (a system bringing manufacturing steps together in one place to increase efficiency). Before this system, workers would do their jobs at home on their own machines to be sent out.

16: Cultural: In many communities out West, families participated in corn husking together. It made the work go a lot faster and also served as a community bonding activity. | In their free time, the women of the town would meet for quilting and sewing parties. It was a good way to pass time and catch up on the local events.

17: In their free time, men would participate in sports such as lacrosse, wrestling and baseball. It was a great bonding experience for men and boys of all ages. During the gold rush, men spent their time drinking, gambling, and fighting. This is one of the main reasons many of them lost their fortunes during the rush.

18: Technological/Scientific: Interchangeable parts were invented by Eli Whitney. These were identical machine parts that could be assembled quickly to make a complete product. They could be manufactured with less-skilled labor, and made machine repair easier because all the parts were alike.

19: The water frame and the spinning jenny (below) spun thread. The power loom, which wove the thread into cloth, made it | possible to execute many steps that were needed in making cloth by machine. This, in turn, saved time and money.

20: Conclusion All of the events that occurred during this era in American history greatly effected the people living there at the time. If it weren't for the Indian Removal Act, or the countless other treaties we made to get our land, we may never have settled in nearly as many places is we had. This would have resulted in Civil war over the land and dispute among all Americans. Knowing everything that has happened in the past we can understand the struggle that all Americans in this era had to go through in order to build what is now known as America. History made then is what shapes our history today and will continue to do so in the future. The world view of American in this time had a

21: huge impact on the decisions they made as a whole. The best example of this I can come up with is the idea of Indian removal. It was in the view of many settlers that the natives were savage and needed to be removed. Because of this view on this matter has cause the desecration of countless Native American lives. Another decision that transformed peoples lives was the idea to create canals leading to Western America. The move to the West may have taken much longer without the convenience of this new means of transportation and shipping. Many changes occurred in this time period. Everything about the way of life for hundreds of people changed in this time period. It all started after Lewis and Clark returned from their journey. Life for all changed after that.

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