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INSPECTing the Westward Expansion

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BC: The End

FC: By Mariah Siddiqui | Inspecting the Westward Expansion

1: Ideas

2: The Indian Removal Act | The Indian Removal Act was an act passed by President Andrew Jackson that forced all American Indians to move west of the Mississippi River. The land on the west side of the Mississippi was not good for farming and so the Act forced all American Indians to move west, which led to the Trail of Tears.

3: Francis Cabot Lowell opened a textile plant in Waltham, Massachusetts's. The factory system brought manufacturing steps together in one place. This increased efficiency and was an important part of the Industrial Revolution. | Factory System

4: Interchangeable Parts | Eli Whitney realized the benefit of interchangeable parts, which were identical parts that can be used to make the same type of product. That meant that one part could replace another without and fitting done. It helped the U.S with their weapons in the military.

5: National Geographic

6: River Travel | River travel was used as transportation during the Westward Expansion. At some points it was difficult to use because the currents flowed in the opposite direction of the way the people wanted to go. It was also used for trading and transporting goods. | Mississippi River

7: Canals | Canals were artificial waterways that were made during the Westward Expansion. The Erie Canal, 363 miles long, connected Albany, NY, to Buffalo, NY.

8: Gold Rush | In 1848, a man by the name of James Marshall found gold nuggets in the American River near Sacramento. Because of this, thousands of people from all around the world came to California in search of instant wealth.

9: Social

10: American Indian Tensions | During the Westward Expansion, many American Indian groups were being forced to move to the west. The Sauk leader, Black Hawk, fought back. After some fighting with the Illinois State Militia, many died and the Sauk tribe lost. Another tribe, the Seminole, won the fight and they got land in Florida from the government in 1842.

11: Battle of the Alamo | The battle of the Alamo was a 13-day event in the Texas Revolution. Mexican troops launched an assault on the Alamo Mission in what is now present-day San Antonio, Texas. The Texans defeated the Mexican Army in April 21, 1836, ending the revolution. | Original Map of the Alamo from 1856

12: Sectionalism | Sectionalism meant loyalty to your region. During the Westward Expansion, there was sectionalism between the North and the South. They considered themselves to be Northerners or Southerners. The Northerners opposed slavery, whereas the white Southerners were with slavery.

13: Political

14: James Monroe | James Monroe was the United States President from 1816-1824. He was a Republican who made his Secretary of War a Southerner, and his Secretary of State a Northerner. He was married to Elizabeth Kortright. He quoted, "The best form of government is that which is most likely to prevent the greatest sum of evil. | James Monroe

15: Whigs Party | The Whig Party was a political party during the Jacksonian era. The Whigs opposed President Andrew Jackson and the Democrat Party. The Whigs named themselves after the 'American Whigs', who fought for independence in 1776. Presidents who were in the Whig Party were William Harrison, John Tyler, Zachary Taylor, and Millard Fillmore. The animal representing the Whig Party was the rhino. | Whig Party Rhino

16: Andrew Jackson | Andrew Jackson, born on March 15, 1767, was not a politician, but a hero of the War of 1812. He served 2 terms from 1829-1837. He was selected by the House of Representatives. He quoted, "One man with courage makes a majority." | Official White House Portrait of Andrew Jackson

17: Economic

18: Industries | During the Westward Expansion, people invested in new industries, and corporations began to develop. Stocks started to sell easier, which improved the economy.

19: Panic of 1837 | In 1837, there was a financial crisis in the United States. On May 10, 1837, in New York, every bank stopped payment in gold and silver coinage. The Panic was followed by a 5 year depression with bank failure and unemployment.

20: Industrial Revolution | The Industrial Revolution was when there was major changes in manufacturing, mining, and transportation. It was a major turning point in history. It started with textile industries, then canals, and improved road railways. It created a lot of jobs, which led to a better economy.

21: Cultural

22: Trail of Tears | The Trail of Tears was caused by the Indian Removal Act in 1830. It forced the American Indians to move west of the Mississippi. The Federal Government paid them to do it. The Cherokee went through hardships like hunger, disease, and exhaustion. Thousands of Cherokee American Indians died. The Trail of Tears is the name of their journey from east of the Mississippi, to the west of it.

23: U.S and Mexico | There were some tensions between the United States and Mexico over Texas, which the United States annexed in the year 1845. The U.S increased it's size by one-third in only a span of 5 years.

24: Mormons | The Mormons, also known as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, was a new religion which started in Utah. Mormons follow Mormonism, which is the largest branch of the Latter-day Saint Movement. This religion spread through-out the state. | Mormon Bible

25: Technology/Scientific

26: Power Loom | The power loom was an invention which wove thread into cloth. It was quick and efficient, and it saved a lot of money. In 1785, Edmund Cartwright patented the first power loom in a factory to manufacture cloth. | Power Loom-1833

27: Cotton Gin | In 1793, Eli Whitney invented the first ever cotton gin. The cotton gin removed seeds quickly and efficiently from cotton fur. The cotton gin revolutionized the cotton industry. It could generate up to 50 pounds of cleaned cotton daily. | Cotton Gin

28: Steam Engine | The first reliable steam engine was invented by James Watt in 1775. The steam engine used the energy of steam to move machinery. It is a clean source of energy, and steam engines are still used today in nuclear power plants. | Steam Engine

29: Cause and Effect | Someone who did not support change were the American Indians. They didn't want to move west. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 forced all American Indians to move west. They did not want to leave their land, and because of this, there were some fights and tensions rose. | Change and Continuity | Someone who has not benefited from change might be the American Indians. They had to move west against their will, and completely start new on the new land. People who got to live on the east side of the Mississippi River were the ones who benefited because they had land that was good for farming.

30: Using the Past | There are a lot of things that we can learn from the past. We can make sure that we don't make the same mistakes that we did as a country in the past. We can also repeat some of the actions that were taken if they were successful. Also, we can prevent some of the things that happened that caused problems. | Turning Points | Decisions and actions significantly transformed people's lives by effecting the way they lived. New inventions were made, which made lives easier, and there were new ideas that also changed the lives of people dramatically. There were industries that were invested in, which provided more jobs, which helped the people and the economy.

31: Through Their Eyes | There were different viewpoints of people in the past. The American viewed the world different than the American Indians. Americans might've like the Indian Removal Act, whereas the American Indians might've not. The American Indians must've thought that they were right, and that the Indian Removal Act was wrong. But even so, I think that everyone was advancing with new inventions and ideas, and people recognized it.

32: Work Cited | Bellis, Mary. "Power Loom-Edmund Cartwright." About.com-Inventors. About.com, 2010. Web. 24 Apr 2010. . Bellis, Mary. "The Cotton Gin and Eli Whitney." About.com-Inventors. About.com, 2010. Web. 24 Apr 2010. . "California Gold Rush." CERES. California Natural Resources Agency, 2007. Web. 24 Apr 2010. .

33: Kelly, Martin. "James Monroe Fast Facts." About,com: American History. About.com, 2010. Web. 24 Apr 2010. . Kelly, Martin. "Andrew Jackson Fast Facts." About,com: American History. About.com, 2010. Web. 24 Apr 2010. . Mintz, S. (2007). Learn About Westward Expansion. Digital History. Retrieved April 24, 2010. .

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