BC: Thanks Ms.Weigl
FC: Intro to Law | Michaela Bradley | Final Exam
1: Welcome My name is Michaela Bradley and I am a 9th grader in The Legal Studies Academy At First Colonial High School. This school has taught me many things. I am a avid member of many clubs and sports such as L. A. C.E and the indoor / outdoor track this school has given me a broad aspect about law. Without the LSA i wouldn't have known about many things.
2: "life is like a confused teacher first it gives the test then it teaches the lesson " -Drake
3: Unit 4
4: You would be very surprised at what you learn during the year and how much stuff that you remember .... For instance say I surprisingly just got a track scholarship from Howard University and it came along with a contract I would need to know a lot about a contract ...
6: - There must be an exchange of something of value( in my case it is an track runner for there school to win meets in exchange for going to the school for free) - The parties must be mentally stable and/or sober( i have to be stable or it wont be valid) - Minors must have a cosigner over the age of 18 | is an agreement between two or more people that has to be valid | I would need to know that a contract
7: In order for there to be a contract there has to be an offer by one party accepted by the other party.( in my case the offer was from Howard) 2 Types Oral: the terms of which have been agreed by spoken communication Written: an agreement made on a printed document that has been signed by both the lender and the borrower
8: Legally Binding: A contract that is supported by the courts and enforced. Example: employment contracts, and car contracts. | Illegal: A contract that is not supported by the courts because of a criminal or civil wrong involved. Example: if someone steals a bike and sells it to another person then it is illegal | Legal & Illegal Contracts two of the many kinds of contracts
9: Now lets say that my team mate stole another schools blocks and sold them to another school for their team fundraiser it would be illegal because it is stolen. | now suggest that the team had made a contract to sell the blocks to FC track team then the contract would be legal.
10: now lets say that NIke sold me a track shoe and it was missing it's spikes at the bottom I would be able to use a warranty to get a new shoe. | Now lets say that I was running and fell over the hurdle because my shoe was not laced correctly Nike may have a disclaimer to disregard the fall meaning they are not responsible.
11: Warranty: an assurance by one party to the other party that specific facts or conditions are true or will happen Disclaimer: a clause or statement in a contract or agreement that limits responsibility for anything not not expressly promised | Warranties & Disclaimers
12: It's a sad day. My calf muscle was sprained and my ankle has been twisted. This goes along with our next unit because this was an accident that goes along with this unit .
14: Torts | In criminal law when someone commits a wrong its called a crime, but in civil law when someone commits a wrong it's called a tort.
15: Intentional Torts: an action taken deliberately to harm another person and/or his or her property Strict Liability: an action taken that makes a person legally responsible for the damage and/or loss caused by his or her acts
16: The Salem Sun Devils other hurdler pushed me which caused me to lose my balance and break my ankle. This goes with intentional torts because Intentional Torts are an action taken deliberately to harm another person and/or his or her property. In this case the person deliberately hurt me and this caused me to hurt my ankle( my property).
17: I Strict Liability: an action taken that makes a person legally responsible for the damage and/or loss caused by his or her acts Now lets change the scenario.. lets say if another of my other teammates was walking and slipped on a wet floor..the school would be responsible because of the strict liability.
18: Negligence: the failure to exercise a reasonable amount of care in either doing or not doing something, resulting in harm or injury to another person | Because of the failure of the doctor who diagnosed my injuries and cleared me to run in that race my coach showed ....
20: Unit 5
21: Oh! No! | One of my teammates just got arrested for fighting over the team blocks. Good thing I know a thing or two from this Unit 5.
22: In this particular case this is criminal law because the block were stolen from another team and because the two teams were fighting with one another.
23: Criminal Law: the branch of law dealing with crimes and their punishment | Criminal & Civil Law
24: Say if the sides were turned and the two parties were having a dispute over whether or not who's blocks they were then it would be a civil case
25: Civil Law: all law that does not involve criminal matters such as tort and contract law. Usually deals with private rights of individuals, groups, or businesses. | Criminal & Civil Law
26: What a way to use People ! Now that my team member is in jail they have decided to give him a trial for her block stealing. And so since my team doesn't have any money they hired me to serve her in the trail. So I guess we'll start from the beginning .
27: Unit 5
28: Before the Actual Trial The jury selection is used to select the best people for finding the verdict. Meaning they have to be unbiased and they have to understand what is going to happen in the trial in order to give the correct verdict.
30: introduces your party defendant/plaintiff * states facts of the case * state the party your apart of * explains what you'll be talking about during the trail. * request how you want the case to turn out | First I have to prepare for my opening statement.
32: On to the Witnesses | Witnesses | 3. Presentation of Evidence and Testimony of Witnesses As each witness testifies, the side that called the witness asks questions in direct examination. Then the side that did not call the witness has an opportunity to ask questions in cross examination. Physical evidence, such as documents, weapons or photographs are admitted into evidence and numbered for identification.
33: Now lets say that I need a witness who actually saw what happened in this case then I would get a ... | Factual witness : a person with knowledge about what happened in a particular case, who testifies in the case about what happened or what the facts are
34: On to the Witnesses | Witnesses
35: Now lets say that I need a witness who know facts about blocks then I would get an ... | Expert: A person who is permitted to testify at a trial because of their special knowledge or proficiency in a particular field that is relevant to the case
36: Now it's time for the | Closing Arguments The attorneys summarize the evidence and try to persuade the jury to find in favor of their client.
38: Next | 5. Presentation of Jury Instructions The judge reads the instructions of law to the jury, defines the issues the jurors must decide and informs them of the law that governs the case.
39: 6. Deliberation The jury retires to the deliberation room to consider the case and reach a verdict. The jury first elects a foreperson who will see that discussions are conducted in a sensible and orderly fashion, that all issues are fully and fairly discussed, and that every juror is given a fair chance to participate. If the jurors have a question during their deliberation, they may write it down and have the bailiff deliver it to the judge. When a verdict has been reached, the jurors agreeing to the verdict sign the form and notify the bailiff. The verdict is read by the clerk and the judge dismisses the jurors. | Finally
40: Unit 7
41: ACLU | American Civil Liberties Union | "The ACLU is our nation's guardian of liberty, working daily in courts, legislatures and communities to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties that the Constitution and laws of the United States guarantee everyone in this country."
42: The ACLU is an organization all about individual liberties. Many amendments of the Constitution could apply to this organization, but the 1st amendment would be the best. | WE go along with The 1st Amendment | Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion and Petition "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances." | ACLU
43: The 1st amendment provides all of the liberties that the ACLU strives to protect.
44: See I told you everything you learn in LSA goes with real life !
46: http://definitions.uslegal.com/f/fact-witness/ Street Law Textbook http://www.hamilton-co.org/MunicipalCourt/Jury/steps_in_a_trial.htm http://www.ratical.org/co-globalize/BillOfRights.html | Sources