BC: By Jacquline King
FC: French Revolution | "Throughout history, economic and social inequalities have at times led peoples to revolt against their governments." | French Revolution Flag. N.d. Love to know French. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
1: My name is Norma Hollafeal. I live in the most advanced country of Europe- France. My parents are merchants and earn a good living. However, after taxes, they have hardly any money left. | The people that live in the village are even worse off than my family. | French Revolution Flag. N.d. Love to know French. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
2: It is so frustrating to me to see so many struggling while the nobility lives in luxury and pays practically no taxes. My father is taking action with the other people of my estate. They have decided to start a violent revolution in Paris. They have been planning to attack and take over the Bastille, a royal prison.
3: The peasants of my estate are forced to do military service. They are restricted from hunting and fishing on nobles estates and they have to use the lords mill, oven and wine press to pay taxes to the king and church. | N.d. The Greenman. Web. 10 Nov. 2012.
5: Our representatives told us to draw up a list of complaints for king Louis. | We hoped this meeting would finally solve our problems. | King Louis wanted to confront all of the problems France was facing as a whole, so he called the meeting of the Estates General.
6: The deputies of my estate grew tiered of the arguments over how each order should vote. We declared ourselves a 'National Assembly' and left the meeting. Our goal was to draw up a constitution showing how France was to be governed. |
7: King Louis proceeded to lock the National Assembly out of the meeting. On June 20th, the members of the assembly met at the royal tennis court. We pledged an oath- The Tennis Court Oath- not to leave until the king agreed to meet the demands of the people.
8: King Louis responded by sending troops to Paris primarily to put and end to uprising of food shortages. |
9: We saw this as a provocation. We decided to follow through with our immediate plan to revolutionize Paris. We would take over the Bastille. | Storming of the Bastille. N.d. Wikipedia. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
10: There were over three hundred people ready to give their lives to put an end to the overtaxing and overbearing government. On July 14, 1789, We stormed in and destroyed the Bastille to free prisoners and retrieve artillery weapons. | Storming of the Bastille . N.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
11: In August of 1789 the National Assembly adopts the Declaration of rights of Man and Citizen. This established equal justice, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion. |
12: Meanwhile, a rumor started to spread across our village that Marie Antoinette was hoarding grain somewhere inside the palace. Great fear spread throughout homes of peasants. The women of my village became so angry that they started a "womens march"- storming into the palace of Versailles; demanding that Louis and Antoinette move to Paris. | Rheia . Why am I against the grain?. N.d. Against the Grain. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
13: Our estate, that was apart of the National assembly, also decided to action. They decided to lead a huge petition drive with the Jacobins. The Jacobins wanted a republic. They led troops to fire on the crown, killing 50 people. | The king tried to reason with us. He said that if we invaded Austria we could take their wealth and steal their grain to fix the food shortages. | Marat and the Jacobins. N.d. GalliaWatch . Web. 19 Nov. 2012
14: This was a good idea until Prussia joined Austria to try and restore the Monarchy. King Louis, of course, wanted this to happen so he encouraged the Prussians. | This made him look like an enemy of the revolution, so the assembly voted to suspend the monarchy, have new elections in which everyone could vote except women, and create a new republican constitution.
15: We later had a trial for king Louis XVI and found him guilty and sentenced him to death by the Guillotine. | This marked the beginning of the reign of terror, which led Maximilien Robespierre to become the leader of committee of public safety. His reign led to the killing of 16,000 enemies of the revolution by the Guillotine. This included King Louis wife, Marie Antoinette and ended with his life alone. This killing of Robespierre himself ended the reign of terror. | Guillotine. N.d. The Chirurgeon's Apprentice. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
16: In 1795, a year after the terror ended, moderate leaders in the national convention thought of a new plan of government. |
17: The new government also found the right general to command France's armies-Napoleon Bonaparte. He was the first Consul of France and had limited power under a constitution. At this time, the Nobles came back to France and the Catholic church returned. | This government placed power firmly in the hands of the upper middle class and called for a two-house legislature and an executive body of five men, known as the directory.
18: Napoleon seized power in France and made himself emperor. As emperor, he made costly mistakes. In November of 1806, he set up a blockade to prevent all trade and communication between Great Britain and other European nations. | He called this policy the Continental System because it was supposed to make continental Europe more self sufficient. | Napoleon Bonaparte (1769 - 1821). N.d. History. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
19: In April of 1814, Napoleon gave up his throne. The victors gave Napoleon a small pension and banished him to the small island of Elba. He tried to regain power when he escaped and was soon defeated in the battle of Waterloo in Belgium. This defeat ended the last bid of his power, called the Hundred days. European heads of government were still trying to establish a long-lasting peace and stability for Europe. A series of meetings took place known as the congress of Vienna. The three goals of Vienna was to prevent future French aggression by surrounding France with strong countries, restore a balance of power, and restore Europe's royal families to the thrones they held before Napoleon's conquests.
20: My family survived through the many struggles and battles the French Revolution led to. On the bright side, the French Revolution changed the social attitudes and assumptions that had dominated Europe for centuries. Sadly, the French Revolution never succeeded to bring a democracy to France.