S: Xavier High School
FC: The Egyptian Phoenix | Jeremy | Mesias | Matthew | Sci | Ray | Burke | Thomas | Laible
1: This Issue: King Tutankhamen | Jeremy Mesias
2: Ascension to the Throne | Ptolemy Epiphanes was only a small child when his father died, and became a pharaoh. Two of his father's favorite ministers, Agathocles and Sosibius, had his mother killed, fearing that she will gain the throne. The ministers were then murdered by a rebellion led by a military govenor from Pelusiam, for killing the mother of the pharaoh. Later on, to make peace betweem the their nations, Antiochus gave his daughter to marry Epiphanes. A revolt then occured, but Ptolemy had it put down after arresting Ankmachis, pharaoh of Upper Egypt. As for the Rosetta Stone, he declared the Memphis Decree to be inscribed in three languages. The stone stated that he will be ascended to godhood. It doesnt state when he died, although he was succeeded by the elder of his two sons: Ptolemy VI Philometor. | http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_V_Epiphanes#Regency_infighting
3: Discovery of the Stone | The Rosetta Stone was discovered near the town of Rosetta, in 1798, by Napoleon Bonaparte and his French troops. Bonaparte was praised for his discovery of the unknown item, even though nobody knew what it said. After he departed from Egypt, his troops (who were still in the country) were forced to defend themselves troops from attacks by the British and Ottoman troops. General Menou, now in command of the army, sent men towards the Mediterranean Sea to repel the British attack. They failed that task and were forced back to Alexandria. Once Menou and his troops made it to the city, along with the stone, he was surrounded and beseiged by British troops. He was forced to surrender and leave the stone to them. Just like that, the Rosetta Stone switched hands. | http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_Stone#Rediscovery
4: Egypt a Must Visit Vacation Destination for any Family Matthew Sci Mr. Lovallo 10/14/12 Egypt travel add Ever thought of going somewhere far away and exotic for vacation? Well I have the perfect place for you! Egypt is a great travel destination for any family. There are many stunning places to visit. The most popular of all the sites are The Great Pyramids of Giza. You can also play golf and other sports near the pyramids which make it more exciting. These fantastic structures weren’t just used as display. The main usage of these pyramids was pharaohs’ tombs. The construction of these was also much harder than you might think. When they were built there were no power tools or giant machines to help with the building process. There was also was no wheel to help them transport the huge, heavy bricks. This means they had to have an innovative way of transporting the bricks which they did. They actually used the seasonal flooding to help them float the stone across the desert. The Temple of Karnack is another Tomb for pharaohs built to worship Amun. Don’t plan on visiting it on your trip to the pyramids, because it wasn’t built near them. However, it was much easier to build. It was built by means of pullies and ramps to create giant pillars and tombs as places of worship for the gods. The temple of Luxor was built the same way as the temple of Karnack and celebrates the same festivals of the gods like Osiris and Ra. By visiting these tombs you will find out how Egyptians celebrated there gods. I mean how cool would it be to take part in an Egyptian ceremony!
5: The Temple of Abu Simbel was carved into mountains and was used to bury pharaohs so they will not be disturbed. Today you can visit these tombs and see how Egyptians mummified bodies and how serious they took the afterlife. Kids enjoy it because you get to see Ancient Egyptian mummies, food, clothes, jewelry and weapons like spears and swords. The Temple of Dendera was a very religious complex. It was, and still, is filled with shrines dedicated to the many gods. When you visit today, you can see how much the Egyptians appreciated their gods. Seeing how the Egyptians cared about the safety of those buried in the tombs, you can tell they believed the gods were a part of the afterlife. They certainly did not want the bodies defiled by tomb raiders! It is also underground and very large which makes it fun because kids enjoy running up and down these large abandoned halls past all the towering statues.
8: Tommy Laible Mr. Lovallo Global 9 14 November 2012 Tutankhamen Tutankhamen was also known as King Tut during his reign as pharaoh. He started his reign after his father Akhenaten, at the age of nine or ten. His father brought chaos to Egypt after trying to change the religion to monotheistic. When Tutankhamen was pharaoh his most important action was to restore ancient Egypt's religion. During his reign he brought the capital to Thebes and worked to restore temples and other scared buildings that had fall to decay. Tutankhamen shortly died at the young age of 18 and is known for his great tomb and mummification. In ancient Egypt mummification was a great part in Egyptian religion. After your death you were judged and if you had a “just life” then they would live in the afterlife with Osiris enjoying all the things they enjoyed during there life. Final judgment was the hall of truth for Egyptians. Osiris and 42 other gods would view them. The Egyptian heart was weighed against the feather of Maat. If the soul were lighter than feather it would join Osiris in the afterlife and if the soul was heavier than the feather Sobek ate it.
9: During mummification there are two parts of the body, the ba and ka. The ba was the body and the ka was the ghost. The ba and ka must be reunited. Mummification preserved the ka so it would recognize the ba. As pharaoh you have a indestructible tomb. These burial places were the pyramids. The process was 70 days and involved removing organs, cleaning, wrapping and painting a salt-based substance on the body. King tut was most known for this tomb. After his body was mummified, Tut was buried wearing a funeral mask made of gold, which depicted his likeness. He was then entombed in three mummiformed coffins carved in his likeness; the innermost coffin was made of gold. There were large amounts of artifacts found in this tomb. Archaeologists found beads, boxes, shoes, bows, arrows, and much more. He gave us the ability to see what ancient Egypt was really like. Sources: History Makers: Tutankhamen, Ancient Egypt Notes King Tuts Death Mask Artifacts Found In Tomb
10: Raymond Burke 14 November 2012 Riots in Egypt Across Egypt many people have started to protest. The Pharaoh and ruling family have demanded that a minimal forty percent income tax on all classes. Social classes most heavily affected by this are farmers, craftsmen, and some merchants. The fact that merchant are affected is significant because they are a part of the upper middle class. The Pharaoh has released a state of the union address saying that these heavy taxes are a what the gods have demanded, but disbelief is common due to the recent palace expansion that was started four days after the tax was imposed. The country is very displeased. One question that has been circulating is, “How does the Pharaoh give this money to the gods.” Well he does not yet. Since our Pharaoh is a god much of this money is solely for his own gain. To question the Pharaoh’s leadership is audacious and has coasted many people their lives.
11: Yesterday I followed a group of people to the protest to really get a first hand look at what is taking place. When seeing the crowd from a distance I was breath taken by the smell, but what exactly was the smell? A massacre, the pharaoh had authorized the military to strike against the public if they got to rowdy or out of hand. There were carcasses lying on the ground with scaring that could be evidently traced back the Egyptian army. The hilt of the knives still stuck in people had gold designs and were meticulously designed. This tax was resulting in far more than anyone could have predicted. Works Cited Craig, Albert M. The Heritage of World Civilizations. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2006. Print. "The Egyptian Fellahs: Taxes on the Poor." JSTOR. N.p., 1853. Web. 13 Nov. 2012.