FC: Life During the Renaissance | By: Carly Rutovsky
1: Table of Contents GRAPES of the Italian Renaissance...pg 2-3 GRAPES of Elizabethan England...pg 4-5 Compare & Contrast...pg 6-7 William Shakespeare's Life...pg 8-10 William Shakespeare's Career...pg 11-12 William Shakespeare's Language of his Time....pg 14 Essential Question....pg 15 Bibliography...pg 16
2: GRAPES OF THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE
3: Geography: Overseas trade led to the growth of the renaissance and the Italian city-states; Milan, Rome, and Greece. Religion: The Catholic Church became affiliated with the arts. The members of the church started funding artists and donating pieces of artwork to the town centers. Achievements: Realism painting and sculpture became popular, Michael Angelo, Donatello, and Raphael were a few of the many famous artists. Politics: Florence came under the rule of a giant banking family, the Medicis. Cosmo Medici was a dictator. Economy: The expansion of trade and business transformed the European economies during the 16th and 17th centuries. Society: Ideas along with products were traded and bounced around through the trade routes increasing cultural diffusion. During the Renaissance, scholars studied classical texts and focused on individuality, human potential, and achievements. People were expected to focus on art and being creative rather than education or the government. The "arts"that the Italians mainly focused on were artworks and paintings that were full of color and life.
4: GRAPES OF ELIZABETHAN ENGLAND
5: Geography: Small country side, only about three million people. A lot of fertile fields and farms. Religion: There was a conflict about religion in England when new rulers came to the throne and constantly changed the official religion. During this time the controversies were over the religions Catholicism and Protestant.Queen Elizabeth, originally a Catholic who was affiliated with the Pope Pius V, departed herself from the Pope and the Church and became Protestant. Before this happened and Catholicism was the main religion of England, all Protestants were executed. Achievements: Portraits, embroidery, textiles, and sculptures were popular, but the English were more interested in the literature aspect of the arts. Especially narrative poems, plays, sonnets, and novels. Politics: England was always a monarchy and one of the many powerful rulers was Queen Elizabeth. The kings and queens were always changing and none of them ruled for a very long time. Economy: Trade and outdoor farmer's markets were very common during this time. The people who worked at these markets and on farms were not generally wealthy, because only the wealthy people could work in politics. Those who were wealthy enough had to pay to work in politics. Society: England was split up into different classes, including the peasants, farmers, merchants, and upper class men. Among these classes people's occupations varied. Some people who were educated moved onto jobs like a lawyer or a doctor, but others became artists, glove makers, blacksmiths, or writers.
6: Achievements: Many new artists of all different forms were introduced such as,Isabella D'Este, Leonardo Raphael, Angguissola, Macheavelli, Giovanni Boccicio, Victoria Colana | Compare/Contrast The people who lived in England and Italy during the Renaissance lived very different lives. Those in Italy were focused on personal accomplishments, living life, and love. Their religion also impacted their lives, not as much as the Greek and Romans but their churches also incorporated aspects of the arts and supported it greatly. Meanwhile, those in England were focused on government, politics, and education. The Italians were more into big, bright, and lively artworks such as paintings and sculptures, but the English appreciated different aspects of the arts. They focused more on the written works because of their education and how much their government was involved in their lives.The arts was a big part of the lives of both societies during the Renaissance but what they took from it was completely different.
8: Shakespeare's Life William Shakespeare was born and baptized in Stratford Upon Avon and was the third oldest out of 8 children from John and Mary Shakespeare. William attended school for 7 years at an all boys grammar school and learned about Latin, Drama, and the Catholic religion. Later on in his life, he married Ann Hathaway although he didn't love her. There were many problems with this marriage. Ann was older than William and they had a child out of wed lock. Together, they had three kids; Hamlet, Juliet, and Mariane. Most of his life William and his family lived in London, but died at the age of 52 because of an unknown cause. Hamlet died later on from disease, and Ann died in 1581.
10: Shakespeare's Career William moved to London in 1503 for better opportunities and worked as a playwright, poet, and actor. In total, William wrote 38 plays and aside from that also wrote poetry and sonnets. William's acting company was originally named The Lord Chamberlain's Men but was later on changed to King's Men. His plays differed in genre including history, comedy, and tragedy. Some of his most famous plays from these genres are "King Henry IV," "As You Like It," and "Romeo and Juliet." During the prime of his career, Queen ELizabeth ruled and endorsed his plays completely. Once he became very successful, he started the Globe Theatre who he co owned with Barbge Cuthbert. Later on in 1613, Edward Allen demolished. the Globe Theatre.
12: Shakespeare's Language Shakespeare wrote his plays in a poetic form but no one really spoke that way unless they were highly educated. William came up with most of the words he used in his plays. Some examples are: Art: are Coz: cousin Hark you: listen Knave: rascal Stay: stop Thrice: three times
13: He also shorted words as well, including: 'tis: it is ope: nope o'er: over gi': give ne'er: never I': I e'er: ever oft: often a': a e'ev: evening
14: Essential Question Q:How does the Renaissance influence literature and history? A: During the renaissance people focused on humanism and life which veered literature and history into a more expressive and creative direction.
16: Bibliography: Painting, Sculpture, or Photograph Web linkBotticelli. Birth of Venus. 1485. Italian Highlights. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2012.