FC: Max's Travel Book
1: Max's Travel Book | By Max Devon
2: Mesopotamia | The Sumerians built massive temples called Ziggurats. These temples were said to symbolize a staircase between heaven and earth. | Mesopotamia is located in what is present day Iraq, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The name Mesopotamia literally translates to Land Between the Rivers, Meso meaning in between, and Potamia meaning rivers.
3: Sumerian writing is called cuneiform. Cuneiform is possibly the worlds first written language, and the worlds first epic, The Epic of Gilgamesh was written in cuneiform. | The Hanging Gardens at Babylon is one of the 7 Ancient Wonders of the World. It was built by Nebuchadnezzar II, a king in the New Babylonian Kingdom for his wife. | that would be my mom's gardening dream....
4: Egypt was divided into three kingdoms, the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom. The pyramids of Egypt were only built in the Old Kingdom, while New Kingdom kings were buried in the Valley of the Kings. | The Great Pyramid, Built by Cheops in Giza, is one of the 7 ancient wonders of the world and is the only one still standing. It's design is a one of its kind. In all the other pyramids in Egypt, this is the only one that has chambers built into the stone. The other ones were built underground. | The Egyptians lived along the Nile river. The Egyptians had a writing system called Hieroglyphics, out of the the papyrus reed on the Nile.
5: Egypt | The Ancient Egyptians believed in a afterlife. First, the body had to be mummified, which involved removing all fluids from the body. After that, it would be covered in natron and the brain would be removed through the nose. The body would be covered in many layers of linen bandages and then the body would be put into a sarcophagus made of precious metals. The sarcophagus is then put into a tomb along with the body's precious things. Once they sealed the tomb the body's "ka" would go to the Hall of Two Judgments. The body's heart would be weighed against the feather of truth, meant to resemble Ma'at, justice. If the heart was heavier than the feather, then the "ka" was not allowed to enter the underworld. If it was vice versa, the "ka" would live a great afterlife. | Yuck! | I would love a great afterlife.....Mom, Dad, I'm building a tomb!
6: Maya | This is a map of the Mayan Region. The Mayans lived in Mexico, Honduras, Belize, El Salvador, and Guatemala. | The Mayans used a tool called Obsidian, which came from volcanoes. That was the only tool they had. | The Mayans practiced a religious ceremony called Blood Letting. This was when the king slit his finger to let out blood. | OUCH!
7: The Mayans had a writing system called Hieroglyphs. This is not the Egyptian writing system, hieroglyphics. The word hieroglyph means picture writing. | that looks like a face, next to a eagle, some legs......... | The Mayans also had a ball game as of the ball courts that have been found at the Mayan sites. Little is known about this game, as the rules were never recovered, but recent discoveries have found that maybe it was that you hit a solid rubber ball with your hips on the ramps and try to get it into a hoop. Still, no one is completely positive about how it was played. | i wish they would have left a instruction manual....
8: China | China has many dynasty's. Some of them were the Shang, the Zhou, the Qin, and the Han dynasty. | The Qin dynasty lasted a short peroid of time, but it was such a dynasty that China is named after it. The Qin dynasty was ruled, obviously, by Qin. Qin was not a nice ruler, and he could be very harsh and strict. He forced men to build the Great Wall of China-yes, Qin built the Great Wall! Qin also built the terracotta soldiers, thousands of them, meant to protect his tomb. However, Archaeologists have not tried to go inside the tomb, which has been found. A parchment found by a archaeologist stated that there were piles of precious items........and rivers of mercury, which is very poisioness. Recently, a probe was sent in the tomb and discovered that there was very high levels of mercury. | China also invented a machine called a seismograph, which tells you if there is a earthquake, where it hit. It works like this: whenever there is a earthquake, the metal ball in the dragon's mouth drops into the toads mouth, creating a sound and telling everyone where the earthquake was so they can help them.
9: China is the inventor of silk. Legend goes that a young princess had a silk-worm cocoon fall into her tea, and she watched the strands come loose. This is how silk is made: | China has invented many things. They invented paper, which we all very frequently use in our daily lives. What would be like without it?
10: Greece | The two earliest civilizations in Greece were the Minoans and Myceneans. The Minoans lived on the island of Crete, and the Myceneans lived on the Peloponnese Peninsula. | Sir Arthur Evans was the finder of the palace at Knossos. When he excavated it, he noticed that the palace had long and twisty hallways and tiny rooms. This made Sir Arthur Evans name these people the Minoans, after the minotaur who roamed the Labyrinth, which looked like the palace at Knossos. | After the Dark Ages ended (800 BCE), Greek began to be covered in city states. some of them included Sparta, Athens, Corinth, and many others. The city-states were almost always at war with each other, except during the Olympics, when a Peace Truth was held the the city-states could go to the games.
11: The Athenians invented the worlds first democracy. However, only citizens could vote, and not everyone was a citizen. To be a citizen you had to be male, be born in Athens and have one parent be a Athens native. | The Athenians are known for their famous Acropolis. The Acropolis has a building called the Parthenon, dedicated to Athena. The Parthenon had a solid gold statue of Athena, beautiful friezes, and many other things. | The Greeks had a belief in polytheism, more than one god. The Gods were called the 12 Olympians. The top 3 were Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades. | I wanna be Zeus!