BC: The End
FC: By Callie Molina and Ashley Porach | Our Mixbook on Imperialism :)
1: Introduction to Imperialism Imperialism is when a nation or empire becomes the ruler of foreign countries. The United States used this strategy to benefit with more land and raw materials needed for production. After the Civil War, the United States' economy was wakened. The country was left with business corruption, racial violence, population surges, poverty, unemployment, and excess products. The economy was in need of sustaining and conquering foreign markets would help.
2: Spanish-American War The war with Spain began in 1898. It began when an explosion on the USS Maine occurred on the American ship was protecting the U.S. interests in Cuba. Others believe that the U.S. sugar interests brought the war about. We wanted more control. But the United States wound up winning. It was the most pointless war in the United States' history. There was also the Battle of San Juan Hill where Colonel Theodore Roosevelt charged up the hill on a horse to lead the Rough Riders. By the end of the battle, fifteen of Roosevelt's men were dead and seventy-three men were wounded. This was the Battle of San Juan Hill. During the war, the Rough Riders suffered more casualties than any other unit in the war. The War ended with the Treaty of Paris and the United States gained three territories: Guam, Costa Rica, and the Philippines.
3: Panama Canal The Panama Canal is essential for international trade. It joins the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. THe United States wanted better access for its navy to both oceans. A treaty was negotiated with Britain and it was agreed that the US could build and regulate the canal. The United States were going to give Panama independence and pay money.In order for the Panamanians to be independent, they were forced to accept the agreement. The building of the canal basically gave the US the land of the canal for free. We tricked them. It was agreed that the canal would be of vital importance. After the canal was built, President Roosevelt was proud of his action to connect trading areas; he thought of it as the "most important action" he took in foreign affiars.
4: Open-Door Policy John Hay wanted to negotiate, so in order to do that, he sent letters to all of the foreign powers and recommended an "Open Door" policy. It is in China. The Open-Door policy would guarantee equal trade rights for all and it would also prevent one nation from discriminating against another nation within its sphere. The nations said that they liked the Open-Door policy. But they couldn't support it, so John Hays plans had been rejected. He said that all of the powers had received the policy. The United States made their agreement final and definitive.The policy had allowed foreign access to China's market until World War II brought and end to it.
5: Boxer Rebellion The rebellion is when Chinese nationalists brought an uprising against foreigners.Members of a secret society known as the Fists of Righteous Harmony, were known as "Boxers". The Boxers practiced martial arts, and believed that they had magic powers and that their enemies would not harm them. Many people decided to join their group of making peace. Members wanted to first overthrow the imperial Ch'ing government and to expel all "foreign devils" from China. Instead, the group decided to attack Christian missions; they slaughtered foreign missionaries and Chinese converts. Foreign ministers wanted the Chinese government to stop them, but the empress did nothing as they entered the capital.The United States wanted to help rescue the ministers and to declare its presence in China, so they sent 2,500 sailors and marines.
6: Significance of the Events The Spanish American War was significant because it began new mission; imperialism. The Cubans spent three were strong enough to fight that long without help - they became proud. The Panama Canal established easy trade between the oceans. Ships are able to transport good and the voyage is shorter and easier to take. The Open-Door Policy gave nations equal trading rights and Chinese territorial integrity was recognized. The nations that were influential were given minimized power. The Boxer Rebellion helped to make China seem powerful to other countries. It was an imperial movement that brought change to the country.
7: Comparing and Contrasting Key Events Both policies involved actions that would overall help the United States. Taft wanted to invest American money in other nations' economies in order to support the US and Roosevelt wanted to use aggression; he believed we should always be prepared to fight. With both policies, smaller and weaker nations could easily have been taken over. Roosevelt's policy was a success and to this day, it's still in use, but Taft's "Dollar Diplomacy" failed completely. Roosevelt focused on using aggression, but then Taft used money and wanted investments. Roosevelt's policy was better for imperialism because countries could easily be taken over if the focus is on weaker and smaller territories. Taft really did not want to conquer territories; thus he did not appear to be a strong believer in imperialism. Compare: In the open door policy, it was not in the United States, it was on foreign lands, in China. In the Spanish American War, it was not in the United States, it was fought in Cuba. We when fought in Cuba, it was also a foreign land. Contrast: Even though they are both a foreign land, the difference is that one is a policy and one is a war. The open door policy allowed all trading nations access to the Chinese market, instead of just trading in their territory. The Spanish American war became the turn of the century. We fought because the idea of imperialism came about and we already controlled 90% of Cuban sugar so we just wanted to fight for the rest of it. I think that it was a good idea to fight in the war because if we already had most of the sugar, why not just get the rest of it, that’s what I think.
8: The Success of Imperialism Imperialists thought that there were many profitable opportunities with the possession of the Philippines. We were able to gain raw materials to produce a new variety of products. So yes, imperialism was successful. We believe that imperialism was good for economy, but it was not morally correct. The Americans annexed the Filipoinos' homeland, which violated an American principle. More wars could have been started because we owned territory close to Asia; there could have possibly been more problems that would have to be dealt with. We believe that without imperialism, great empires would have never existed. A country must take over other territories in order to expand. When a territory was under a new ruler, the people would have to abide by their laws, conditions, and rulings. Foreign principles would wind up governing them.
9: SOURCES http://www.shmoop.com/spanish-american-war/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panama_canal http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/joining.html http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/fists.html http://www.icue.com/portal/site/iCue/iCueSearchResultsNavItem/?selectedValue=ADVANCED&terms=spanish%20merican%20war&showResults=yes# http://www.sparknotes.com/biography/troosevelt/section5.rhtml http://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=22933