FC: MixBook Science Project
1: Cell Theory | The Cell Theory has three parts: | 1).All organisms consist of one or more cells. 2.)The cell is the basic unit of structure for all organisms.- All organisms are composed of cells. 3.)Cells only come from other cells.
2: scientists | Hooke: wrote Micrographia, the first book describing observations he made through a microscope. He studied pores and cells. | Schwann: He discovered the digestive enzyme. He studied plants and animals and extended Schleiden's cell theory.
3: Schleiden: He was a German botanist and co-founder of the cell theory. Schleiden preferred to study plant structure under the microscope. | Virchow: Referred to the "Father of Modern Pathology. He contributed to the cell theory. Many of his discoveries had to do with cells in bone and connective tissue.
4: Eukaryotic Cells V.S Prokaryoric Cells | Eukaryotic: These cells have a nucleus, and have ALL organelles. They are found in humans, and they are multi cellular.
5: Prokaryotic: These cells have no nucleus, and lack some organelles. They are not found in humans, and they are unicellular.
6: Animal Cell | Animal Cells do not have a cell wall like plant cells. Animal cells have everything a plant cell has like Vacuole, Smooth ER, Rough ER, Ribosome, Nuclear Membrane, Nucleus, Nucleolus, Lysosome , Mitochondrion, Golgi Body, and the Cell Membrane. The only difference between a plant and animal cell is that the plant cell has structures in it to help with Photosynthesis.
7: Plant Cell | Plant Cells, unlike Animal Cells, have a thick, rigid cell wall. The Plant Cell is a little but more complex than the Animal Cell. This Cell has things such as Amyloplast- which stores starch, Chloroplast, and Chloropyll- which helps with Photosynthesis. Thylakoid disk, Stroma, Adenosine Triphosphate , and Granum which are also apart of the Photosynthesis process. The plant cell also has some of the same cell structures as animal cells.
8: The Ten Cell Structures! | 1. Nuclues: The central and most important part of an object, movement, or group, forming the basis for its activity and growth. 2. Mitchondria: An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. 3. Lysosome: a cell organelle containing enzymes that digest particles and that destroys the cell after its death. 4. Chloroplast: a plastid containing chlorophyll. 5. Flagella: a threadlike structure that enables many protozoa, bacteria, ect. to swim.
9: 6. Golgi Apparatus: an organelle, consisting of layers of flattened sacs, that takes up and then either releases the finished products into various parts of the cell cytoplasm or secretes them to the outside of the cell. 7. Cell Wall: the definite boundary or wall that is part of the outer structure ofcertain cells, as a plant cell. 8. Rough Endosplasmic Reticulum: site of protien synthesis. 9. Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum: is where the vesicles carrying new synthesized protiens are budded off. 10. Cell Vacuole: a membrane-bound organelle which is present in all plant and fungal cells and some protist, animal and bacterial cells.
10: Cell Membrane | The Cell Membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell. The Cell Membrane also protects the cell and its structures form the outside environment.
11: Homeostasis | Homeostasis refers to the internal environment. It works to keep a stable temperature