S: Nuclear Energy
FC: Nuclear Energy
1: How it works A nuclear plant is basically a power plant fueled by radioactive things. The atoms are split apart in a nuclear plant and it releases a lot of energy, and then the turbines forces the interaction of wires and a magnetic field, and generates a current that transports the energy. | What is nuclear energy? Nuclear energy is heat and electricity generated by nuclear fission. It provides about 6 percent of the worlds energy and 13 percent of the electricity, Japan, U.S. and France are the biggest nuclear energy producers. There are currently 439 nuclear power plants operating in 31 countries.
2: Real Life Example A real life example of a nuclear plant is the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant. A disaster happened following the earthquake on 11 March, 2011. There were nuclear reactors that exploded and people were evacuated from their homes. The consequences of the explosions are that the area is full of radioactive things and people were not allowed to reenter without permission. Even now, people are not allowed to go into the Fukushima territories because there are still nuclear particles floating in the air, and the radiation level is still above normal.
3: Short Term Effects Some short term effects of a nuclear accident are nuclear sickness, which is basically fevers and stuff like that. It can be treated. There could also be nausea, vomit and etc. More short term effects are hair loss, skin problems, and lungs inflammation. Even after the debris flowed to California, there is still a medium radiation level detected in the debris and in the air.
4: Long Term Effects The long term effects are far more deadly. For example, excess radiation exposure can cause cancers. Radiation can also cause your cells to die and it can damage your organs. With large radiation doses, you can be killed. Sometimes, you could even have extended periods of illness, like vomiting, dizziness and blood vessel damage and disorders. Radiation can also cause mental illness.
5: Effect on wildlife and people The effects on wildlife are much greater than the effects on humans. Estimates say animals had been exposed to doses of radiation more than 100 times more than the safe amount of radiation an animal could be exposed to. Animals could also be abnormal when born, like the rabbit with no ears shown on the picture to the right. Humans were also exposed to radiation, which caused diseases and some diseases were even fatal. Even worse, in some areas, the radiation itself (not diseases) killed people.
8: How safe is this method? I would say this method of creating energy is not safe at all. Fukushima was not the worst case of nuclear disasters. The worst was the Chernobyl nuclear disaster that happened in 1986 in Ukraine. In that disaster, over 350 thousand people were evacuated for safety. Nuclear accidents don't happen often, but when it does, the effects are deadly, and often causing an area to be locked out. The accident involved over 500 thousand workers to fix the situation. Another hazard is that if there is an terrorist attack on the plant, the terrorists could basically use it as a nuclear bomb. There are a lot of nuclear accidents that happened in the history of the world so I would not say that this method is safe, despite the fact that it is effective.
9: Disposal of Nuclear Waste The disposal of nuclear waste is hazardous to human and animal lives if not disposed correctly. Most nuclear waste are simply stored underground until the radioactivity completely stops. The problem is that the waste takes up to 9 thousand years for the radioactivity to completely diminish. That means people may still be exposed to nuclear waste when they are building on top of a nuclear waste disposal area. If we don't build in that area, then we would have to wait 9000 years to actually enter the area safely.