S: Nuclear Threats
FC: Nuclear Events and Threats by: Manmitha Neelam and Justin Ellis
1: Introduction "A nuclear war can kill 300 million people in just the first hour," says John F. Kennedy. This quote shows how highly dangerous nuclear weapons are. If a war were to break out, the entire human population would most likely be wiped out in a week or less. The first nuclear threat was sent out to Japan from America to end World War 2, but they finally bombed 2 majors cities only after their refuse to surrender. Many countries wanting the same power or safety followed our trend to build nuclear weapons and thus the problems begin to start. Lots of nuclear events and threats have happened throughout history during the World War 2, the Cold War, and even current day, and have affected humans physically as well as mentally.
2: World War 2 During World War 2, the U.S. was in a war with Japan. U.S. needed to the end the war fast and they sent out their first nuclear threat. In July of 1945, the first attempted atomic bomb was tested successfully. Just a few weeks later, the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima from a B-29 on August 6 1945 after Japan's refuse to withdraw from the war.Then on August 9 1945, the second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki from the same plane. The results of these casualties resulted in 199,000 deaths. However most weren't from the explosion itself but radiation related cancer or other diseases. Many innocent lives were taken from merely 2 bombs, baby bombs compared to the ones today,and never again did this happen so far in history. The U.S. then came in to rebuild the government and economy to help Japan get back on their feet to prevent further wars or tension between them and Japan. | "My best friend died before making a thousand paper cranes after she was diagnosed with leukemia at age 12," says a young Japanese boy. | "We really didn't have a choice. We had to get our loved ones out of this reckless war and it's not really our fault that Japan refused to withdraw so we bombed them. It seems fair to me," says a fellow American.
3: Cold War The Cold War started right after World War 2 after disagreements of political systems and beliefs between the Soviets and the United States. Consequently, after the war was over and the restructuring of Europe began, a power struggle developed between the Soviet Union, which started from Russia and spread into Eastern Europe, and the United States. The Soviet Union wanted communism and was taking over many Eastern European countries while the USA wanted capitalist democracy. The fear of communism spreading by the U.S. started this war. | However, the Cold War was not a war of guns, weapons or fire arms. This was a war of beliefs , competition, and nuclear threats. Tensions kept rising when the Soviets tested their first atomic bomb and China became communist in 1949. Many other threats have been made but this "war" reached its climax in 1959 when Cuba was taken over by Fidel Castro who allied with the communists.During this time, Krushchev, the soviets' leader at that time, placed nuclear weapons in Cuba directed towards the U.S. This was the closest we even got to World War 3, and was a very scary time for many since both sides knew the results of nuclear weapons. Many thought the reason was because of the Soviet's insecurity or the feeling that the U.S. will invade Cuba to change it back to democracy. Soon after, President John F. Kennedy and Nikita Krushchev made an agreement to remove the missiles.Then in October of 1986, President Reagan and Soviet leader Gorbachev agreed to remove all intermediate nuclear weapons from Europe. A year later, in October of 1987 Reagan and Gorbachev agreed to eliminate all medium and short ranged nuclear weapons, and that is what led to the end of the Cold War in 1991.
4: Life during the Cold War | The cold war wasn't exactly everyone hiding in fear in bomb shelters or looking suspiciously around streets like anyone could be a spy. It was really a regular day to day life besides the fact the Soviets and U.S. were always competing in the space race or to see who had the most nuclear weapons. Stated in the previous slide, it was a war of words. However, in the 50's and 60's the war was the most intense. At times, such as during the Cuban Missile Crisis or when nuclear weapons were targeted towards each other,it was as if a blanket of of anxiety was covering the earth because the world knew that if the two super powers did break out fighting with nuclear weapons, that no one would win and the world will be in complete destruction. " A 'hot' war never broke out with these weapons," says Joseph Smith. " But it was terrible feeling knowing that a single bomb can destroy everything that matters to you in a span of just a few seconds." Indeed that's how part of it was. " We were also very scared because of what happened in Hiroshima and Nagasaki," says another person.
5: Current Events : North Korea Many nuclear events have also occurred in this generation. Nuclear threats have been made in countries including North Korea, Japan, and Iran. On October 3rd, 2 American inspectors went into North Korea because there had been rumors of nuclear threats. On October 16th, the U.S. announced they had found a few nuclear weapons. North Korea responded saying that the factory was out of use, but on December 27th North Korea expelled the two American inspectors from the country.They also responded by saying that they are planning on reopening the processing plant for nuclear weapons. Then on February 29th of 2012, North Korea finally agreed to suspend long ranged missile testing.
7: Current Events : Japan and Iran Japan In Japan on March 12th, 2011 they were hit by an earthquake which then led to a tsunami which caused even more deaths. Then several days later, the major nuclear power plant blew up causing radiation to spread and the result of many casualties. Iran In September of 2003, the U.N. sent in "nuclear watchdogs" because there had been rumors of nuclear productivity in Iran who the U.S. thought was linked to terrorism at this time. Then in November of 2003, nuclear weapons were discovered, but Iran promised to stop using these weapons. In 2010, Iran continues to make nuclear weapons and has been placed many sanctions over the years by the U.N. nations. At this point it's a threat to Israel as well as the U.S. even though they say it's for peaceful purposes.
10: V. Conclusion Nuclear threats do have a quite major affect on us. All these events took place during World War 2, the Cold War, and are still going on today. Humans were killed in the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki as well as the explosion of nuclear power plants in Japan. Not only that but there was an uprising great deal of tension during the Cold War between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. and is still going on between other countries today. As Barney Stinson says, "A war without nuclear weapons and world peace everywher would be legen...wait for it...dary. Never did one expect that how a single weapon can have such a great deal of effect, but right now all we could do is trust one another and hope for the best.