FC: The Roaring Twenties: Biographies of Famous People By Miss Rush's Period D Students
1: Tables of Contents Babe Ruth by Kevin Gilson-2 Bessie Smith by Tiffany Greenleaf-4 Henry Ford by Alissa Fritz-6 Elliot Ness by Sean Murphy-8 Al Capone by Omar Gongora-10 Charlie Chaplin by Eric Metcalf-12 Louis Armstrong by Matt Philips-14 Clara Bow by Eleanora Schnetti-16 Charles Lindburgh by Erin Hayne-18 Harry Houdini by Nathaniel Merrill-20 Amelia Earhart by Sydnee Chianese-22 Ernest Hemingway by Shane Harrington-24
2: Babe Ruth (by Kevin Gilson) Baseball is said to be America's favorite past time. People love to see hmeruns,no hitters,strike outs,and really amazing players. One of the most talented baseball players of all time is Babe Ruth. .
3: Babe Ruth's real name is George Herman Jr. He was born on Febuary 6,1895 in Balitimore, Maryland. Ruth is one of eith kids and his family is all boys except he has one sister. Ruth was sent to St. Marys at the age of seven years old because he was frequesntly getting into trouble. Ruth stayed on and off there until he was almost twenty years old. At St. Marys Ruth studied and worked in a taylor shop and learned some great values like sharing and looking out for smaller and wearker kids. But he got some of his baseball skills from a boy at St. Marys. Ruth led the league with the most championships he won seven and four world series titles. Ruth also led the league for the most homeruns, and he hit 60 homeruns in 1927. He set that record for most homeruns in a year. Ruths life time batting average was .342 and a life time total homeruns of 714 homeruns. He had the same batting average for twenty-two seasons of playing. Most people consider Ruth as one of the best baseballs greatest players.(Babe Ruth Biographies) Ruth was a legacy off the feild also because when he wasnt playing he was drinking and having fun and giving his money away. Ruth was one out of seven kids that lived in a fire at his secound house in maryland/ Babe Ruth was signed into the MLB as a twenty-two year old out of St. Marys. How could you go from a nobody to baseballs greatest player hard work alot of though and getting your actions strait is the key if u want something fight for it because the best things in life dont come easy.(Ruth Babe)
4: Music of all kinds is very popular today. Most people listen to music because it takes them out of the real world. Todays artists sing about lots of things going on in the world. Today music is a really popular form of entertainment just like it was in 1920s. In the 1920s Bessie Smith was a popular singer in the 1920s who also sang about world problems. (Lakewood public library) Bessie smith was born on April 15, 1894 in Chattanooga, Tenn. She was born in poverty to a stricken black family. Her mom died when she was eight years old. She began her performing career at age nine- so her parentless family could live. Her professionial career began in 1912 when her brother Clarence arranged an audition with Moses stokes' traveling show. In that show she met "Ma" Rainey.Bessie Smith)
5: Bessie smith was known as the "Empress of the blues". She revolutionized the vocal end of the blues in the 1920s with her rich voice. She was popular with both whites and African Americans. After singing with "Ma" Rainey's Rabbit Foot Minstrels traveling show for several years, Bessie emith went solo and signed with Columbia records. Some of her songs were "down hearted blues", "Gulf coast blues", "Jealous hearted blues", and "cold in hand blues". "Down hearted blues" and "gulf coast blues" sold 780,000 copies in six months. Over the years she made 160 records. (Bessie Smith) Bessie smith touched thousands of hearts. She was one of the first African American singers. She knew it wouldn't be eays but she tried her hardest and did a great job. She got very far in her life.(redhotjazz.com) Bessie smith influenced other people to sing and paved the way for African American and woman singers. If it wasn't for Bessie smith then we wouldn't have most of the African American Woman singers we do today. Such as beyonce, Ashanti, Rhianna, and Ciara. They might not be singing today if it wasn't for Bessie.(Lakewood public library)
6: Before the twenties, our only ways of transportation was by horse and buggy or by walking. There were a few cars that had started to be developed but the ones that were being made were too expensive for the average worker. Thanks to Henry Ford who invented the moving assembly line cars became much cheaper. Henry Ford was born July 30th 1863 to Mary and William Ford. He was born and grew up in Dearborn, Michigan. He went to a one room school as a kid and did farm chores each day. At age 16 in 1891, he worked as an apprentice mechanist for 3 years and returned to work on the farm on occasion. When he was done working as an apprentice mechanist, he moved back to Dearborn. After this he went to working on steam engines. He would also find small jobs in a Detroit factory and through all of this he would still continue to help out on the farm. In 1888 he got married to a woman named Clara Bryant. The way he supported them at this point was working in a saw mill. Then in 1891 he became an engineer.
7: Two years after becoming an engineer with the Edison Illuminating Company back in Detroit, he was promoted to chief engineer in 1893. The freed more time for henry so he started spending more time on personal experiments on internal combustion engines. Following that in 1896, he came up with one of the first self propelled vehicles. he called it the Quadra Cycle. It had 4 wire wheels similar to that of the bicycle wheels, steered by tiller like a boat. This had only 2 speeds to move forward but you could not move backwards. He then moved on and tried to establish a company manufacture automobiles. But this failed twice. Then finally by the 3rd attempt, he finally incorporated the Ford Motor Company in 1903. The company produced only a few cars a day with only two to three men working on them at a time. His biggest impact on society that he should be remembered by is his invention of the Model T in 1908. This is right after he realized that he had a dream that he wanted to invent the first automobile that was priced reasonably and reliable. "This vehicle initiated a new era in personal transportation. It was easy to operate, maintain and handle on rough roads.'(http://www.hfmgv.org/EXHIBITS/HF/default.asp#childhood) This immediately became a huge success. This started causing a higher demand for the Model T. So in 1913 Henry Ford invented the assembly line. And in 1918, Half of all the cars in America were Model Ts. Henry Ford Had a very successful life as you can see. He was made most famous for his invention of the assembly line and sadly enough his life ended at age 83 on April 7th 1947 of a cerebral hemorrhage.
8: Ever since Eliot Ness first published The Untouchables in 1957, the public has fallen in love with the adventures of this authentic American hero. His book was a runaway best seller because it was the exciting true story of a brave and honest lawman pitted against the country's most successful gangster, Al Copane. The television series that followed in the 1950's and the Kevin Costner movie in 1987 built fancifully on the same them Then again in 1993, the television series has been remade for yet another generation to watch Eliot Ness battle it out again with the Capone Mob. Every school child knows what Eliot Ness did for two years in Chicago, but what happened to him afterwards when Al Capone went to jail? Almost nobody knows. In 1927, when he had finished his year of criminology studies, Ness hired on with the Treasury Department in Chicago. With some help from his brother-in-law, whose career in federal law enforcement was on the rise, Ness transferred over to the Prohibition Bureau By late 1928, Al Capone was one of the most successful criminals in the country. His power in the Chicago area was as awesome as his intrinsic cruelty. Capone, with his extravagant lifestyle, had not filed an income tax return for several key years. His vulnerability to the IRS was even greater when the Supreme Court handed down the Sullivan decision. No longer could a criminal claim that income from illegal activities was exempt from income taxes on the grounds that reporting the illegal income was self-incriminating. While Capone's lawyers must have warned him of the ramifications of this ruling, Capone still didn't get the message. Even after his brother Ralph and other gangsters were being indicted on tax evasion, Capone did not protect himself from prosecution.He was one of the three hundred men responsible for prosecuting the flourishing Chicago bootlegging industry. The Chicago branch of the Prohibition Bureau had a reputation for corruption that equaled the rest of the Windy City's law enforcement establishment. Again, his family wished that he had made a better choice for himself.
10: CLARA BOW Where did icons as Louise Brooks in the 20s, Marilyn Monroe in the 50s, and Madonna in the 80s get their inspiration to be such great artists? Clara Bow was one of the first movie stars in the XX century that flaunted her sex appeal, one of the first to get a rebellious attitude and freedom. She was a flapper that opposed the social conventions of the time and, as every American girl could dream, she tried to make her dreams come true. Idolized by many, she was icon of sexual freedom for the “new” women. But | beneath her revolutionary attitude was hidden a pain that couldn’t be ignored. “All the time a flapper is laughin’ and dancin’, there’s a feelin’ of tragedy underneath…” (Clara Bow). (“Clara Bow”, William Cramer) Clara Gordon Bow was born in Brooklyn on July 29th 1905 during one of the worst heat waves New York has every experienced, from a dysfunctional family afflicted with mental illness, poverty and physical and emotional abuse. Her mother (Sarah Gordon) was an occasional prostitute who suffered from mental illness and epilepsy. Her father (Robert Bow) was disinterested in both marriage and children (Clara had two sisters that died within days of their births). Whenever he returned home, he was verbally and physically abusive to both wife and daughter. When she was young she wasn’t allowed to invite anyone at home and she was ashamed of her wastrel father and sick epileptic mother. Fro her escape from her oppressive home-
11: life and since she was ignored at home, she started spending most of her time at the movies. She dreamed of being a movie star from an early age. In 1920 she won a beauty contest sponsored by Motion Picture Magazine. She was only 16 but very full of confidence, determination and ambition. She wasn’t different than every American girl dreaming of winning a fan magazine contest as a stepping stone to becoming a movie actress. So she won a part in “Beyond the Rainbow” (1922). Her mom, considering actresses as prostitutes, tried to kill her twice since her dad committed her mom to an asylum where she died. Clara blamed herself for her mom’s death for the rest of her life, feeling that her choice of career was responsible for it. In 1927 she reached the heights of her popularity with the film “It”. Bow became known as “The It Girl”. “It is that strange magnetism which attracts both sexes…unself-conscious, full of self-confidence, indifferent to the effect.” “It” was taken to mean sex appeal. Actually she had many | lovers (famous men of the time). Most Hollywood insiders considered her socially undesirable. She wasn't liked by other women in Hollywood. But she kept on working in early sound movie era (The Wild Party-that was a disaster), and she was praised by critics for her beauty, vitality and enthusiasm. In 1932 she got married with the actor Rex Bell and had two sons. In 1944 Clara tried to commit suicide. She had a bizarre behavior and Bell brought her to The Institute of Living in 1949 where she was diagnosed with schizophrenia. Psychotherapy revealed some suppressed childhood memories that had always affected and influenced her mind: her mom forced to be a prostitute in order to survive and the revelation that she had been raped by her father after he committed her mom to the asylum when she was 16. Clara spent the last years of her life in Los Angeles under the care of a nurse. She died of a heart attack watching movies on September 27, 1965. (“Clara Bow”,Wikipedia)
12: Today most people have probably heard of Harry Houdini, the great escape artist. He was famous for and known for performing amazing escapes,athletic stunts and magic tricks. Houdini's name was not originally Harry Houdini. He was born on March 24,1874, in Budapest, Hungary, with the name Ehrich Weisz.. | Houdini had a leastn 6 siblings and he claimed he was born April 6, 1874 in Appletom, Wisconsin. His father immigrated to America trying to find a job to support his family. He changed his last name to Weiss. When Ehrich was 8 he sold newspapers to helop support his family. It was at that age that he started becoming interested in athletics and shows. He performed in front of his first audience on a flying trapeze. When he was 12 he ran away from home to Kansas City then a year later joined back up with his family who were then living in New York City. When Ehrich was 13 years old he changed his last name to Houdini after his hero Houdin. He added the i and Harry from his nickname Ehrie. When Harry Houdini was 17, he began his professional carrer with his brother Theo. They became the Houdini brothers and performed magic in music halls and performed in sideshows up to 20 shows per day.
13: But when he got married to Beatrice Raymond (Bess) in 1894 she took Theo's place, Then Bess and Harry became the Houdinis. Harry did magic performances while bess sang and danced. From their, he became famous. In 1900 he sailed to Europe and performed their for 5 years before returning to america. Later in his life, his carrier lead him to Quebec, Canada wher he visited Mcgill University. Houdini claimed he could withstand a blow to the abdomen by any man, so a | student who was an ameature boxer, talked Harry into letting him try it, but befor he could prepare for the blow, the student punched him in the gut rupturing his appendix, cauing him to die of appendicitis on October 31, 1926 Halloween. Today Houdini's talents live on in people like David Blain and Dave Copperfield, who are also magicians and escape artists. Thats the story of Harry Houdini. | Al Capone This man was known to be the most notorious gangster of the 1920’s, during the prohibition era. He was born in Brooklyn, New York on January 17, 1895 under the name of Alfonzo Capone. Most knew him as Al Capone and scar face. His crimes gave police ways to improve society. He is an example of someone who starts life in the lower class and works their way to the top. During his criminal career Al Capone learnt that you can run from the law but never hide. Al Capone started his life in a rough neighborhood. Capone worked in places like candy shops and bowling alleys to get money. He joined a gang in New York where he killed a few men and was never suspected for any of it. After an unsuccessful murder attempt on a rival gang member, His gang leader sent him away to Chicago. He met a man named Johnny Torrio there. Johnny was a gang leader in Chicago; he took Capone under his wing. Once Johnny passed away, Capone took over. | This man was known to be the most notorious gangster of the 1920’s, during the prohibition era. He was born in Brooklyn, New York on January 17, 1895 under the name of Alfonzo Capone. Most knew him as Al Capone and scar face. His crimes gave police ways to improve society. He is an example of someone who starts life in the lower class and works their way to the top. During his criminal career Al Capone learnt that you can run from the law but never hide.
18: Charles Lindberg was famous as the first person to successfully make a transaltlantic flight. Charles Augustus Lindberg was born on feburary 4, 1902 in detroit. His father was a U.S. congressman and his mother was a lawyer. He became a world famous aviator. Lindgerg enlisted in the U.s. Army in 1924. He graduated from flight training school in 1925. Later the Robertson Corpration of St. Louis hired Lindberg to fly mail form st. Loius to Chicago. He later gain a good reputation. In 1919, a hotel owner named Raymond Orteig offered 25000 to the first aviator to fly the fisrt nonstop flight from NewYork to Paris. People have tried and died. On May 20, 1927 Charles Lindberg attemped the first nonstop flight. He took off from St. Louis and aftedr 20 hours and 20 minites he landed in Le Bourget near paris. It was a 3600 miles of flight. Even some of his friends didnt think he was going to make it. When he returned to the U.S. thousands of people surrounded him and thrilled of what he accomplished. He was given many awards but the most prestiges was the Congressional Medal of Honor. After the flight, Lindberg traveled the world. soon later he fell in love with a women named Anne Spencer-Morrow. They were married in 1929. She later became famous for her peotry and writings. They had a son no older than 20 months. he was kidnaped and later found died. they found out who is was. Bruno Richard, he was soon convicted and excuted in 1936. Charles Lindberg made it possible for Americans to travel were ever they wanted. He was known a a Aviation Idol in the 1920"s.
20: In the 20's most women stayed home and took care of the kids and the house . Later on in the twenty's many women became flappers. There were not that many activaties back then. What was more important was taking care of there kids and having job's to keep them alive. Amelia Earhart was couragious in the 20's. Amelia Earhart was born on july 24, 1897 and lived in Atchison Kanas. She also died in 1937. She spent her childhood in various towns, at age 19 Amelia attended Ogontz school near Philadelphia Pennsylvana. Amelia's accomplishments was flying an air plane. Amela also flew solo on her second time. Amela was the first women to compete in national air races in Cleveland, Ohio in 1935. So to tell about Amelia is that she was a talented lady back then and she was very proud of it. Amelia Earhart endures in the America consciousness as one of the worlds most celebrated aviators. Amelia remains as a symbol of the power and perservenance of american women and the adventurous spirit so essential to the american.
24: Ernest Hemingway This is the life of the writer Ernest Hemingway. He was a second child. He fought in WW1. He was a good reporter. Ernest Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois. He was the second child of Dr. Clarence and Grace Hall Hemingway. In his childhood his father taught him to hunt and fish. His mother taught him music.(lostgeneration) After he completed high school he went to war. He was known for the fiction books he wrote. One of the books was The Old Man and the Sea. He fought in WW1 and reported WW2. His father committed suicide.(lostgeneration)
25: He wrote books about the wars he had been to. He reported important events like WW2, the Geneva Conference, and the Greco-Turkish War. He produced some of the most important works of 20th century fiction.(lostgeneration) | That sums up the life of Ernest Hemingway. He fought in WW1 He was a good reporter. He was a second child.