S: The Prison System
BC: CHOICE | CHANCE | CONSTANT | CHANGE | http://matmac.biz/success_avenue_careers
FC: The Prison System | By: Jennifer Norton & Janay Woods
1: The social problem discussed is the prison system in the United States of America. America's prison system has several flaws, such as overcrowded prison facilities, a shortage of staff and the cycle of returning inmates. The appropriate rehabilitation seems to be slipping through the cracks when it comes to helping out America's inmates. | Incarceration: Confinement in a jail or prison; imprisonment. http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/incarceration
2: Society has created a set of standards that people must follow to keep everyone safe. Without laws people would pursue their desires even the desires that are criminal. | http://www.cdcr.ca.gov/
3: The increase in the number of women inmates has caused prison officials to reconsider custody procedures for women, especially specific programs and services available to women (Leon-Guerrero). | http://www.pasadenaweekly.com/cms/story/detail/the_feminization_of_prison/4131/
4: It may take some individuals a little bit of time to understand that breaking the law and living in prison is not the best way to live life. But until the cycle is broken the behavior will continue. | http://www.cartoonstock.com/directory/f/felon.asp
5: http://asblackasus.com/2012/06/19/private-prisons-trade-slaves-under-the-corporate-tag/ http://hiphopandpolitics.wordpress.com/2010/08/25/the-rise-of-americas-prison-empire-the-relationship-between-texas-prisons-slavery/ | When prisons are overcrowded the staff becomes out numbered. The prison can then become a danger zone to other inmates, and the staff.
6: There is also a reoccurring cycle of returning inmates that also add to the overcrowding prison system. | http://www.progressivearkansas.com/content/move-over-problem-overcrowded-prisons-arkansas
7: http://www.americamagazine.org/images/articles/prison.jpg | "Two out of three inmates returning to incarceration within a usually small timeframe of one to two years. What that tells is that the system is currently not working as a means of rehabilitation or deterrent to crime" http://www.cityonahillpress.com/2011/02/17/fixing-a-broken-system/
8: The overall U.S. prison population declined in 2010 for the first time since 1972. State and federal prisoners numbered 1,612,395 at yearend 2010, a decrease of 0.3% (5,575 prisoners) from yearend 2009. The federal prison population increased by 0.8% (1,653 prisoners), while the number of prisoners under state authority declined by 0.5% (7,228 prisoners). Half of state departments of corrections (25) reported decreases in their prison populations during 2010. California (down 6,213) reported the largest decline in absolute numbers, while Rhode Island (down 8.6%) reported the largest percentage decrease. During 2010, prison releases (708,677) exceeded prison admissions (703,798) for the first time since BJS began collecting jurisdictional data in 1977. The stability in prison release rates and expected time to be served indicates that the change in the state prison population between 2009 and 2010 was the result of a decrease in state prison admissions. The imprisonment rate was 500 inmates per 100,000 U.S. residents in 2010, continuing the decline since imprisonment rates peaked at 506 per 100,000 in 2007.
9: In 2009, the most recent data available, 53% of state prison inmates were serving time for violent offenses, 19% for property, 18% for drug, and 9% for public order offenses. About half (51%) of federal inmates in 2010 were serving time for drug offenses, 35% for public-order offenses (largely weapons and immigration), and less than 10% each for violent and property offenses. States held 2,295 inmates under age 18 in custody at midyear 2010, down from 2,779 at midyear 2009. A reported 95,977 non citizens were held in state custody at midyear 2010, down from 97,133 at midyear 2009. http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/ | http://mercymarlinskline-kator.wikispaces.com/6thHr+2011+Prison+Conditions
10: Functionalist: From a functionalist perspective claims that criminal activity is a state of behavior of the individual. Society creates the stand of behavior we must follow. | Conflict/Feminist: Problems emerge when particular groups are disadvantaged more than others by the criminal justice system (Leon-Guerrero)
11: Interactionist: Criminals learn through association with others. | http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/HL0911/S00213.htm
12: Rehabilitation: The restoration of former rights, authority, or abilities. Rehabilitating a prisoner refers to preparing him or her for a productive life upon release from prison. http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/rehabilitation
13: http://seiu1000.org/2011/03/state-admits-that-prison-teachers-are-ri.php | The appropriate rehabilitation seems to be slipping through the cracks when it comes to helping out America's inmates. Although some prisons offer various therapy programs, whom is telling the inmates which type of treatment they may need to adjust to the outside world.
14: Interactionist: Allowing the inmate to have a support group made of positive influential people. | http://www.cityonahillpress.com/2011/02/17/fixing-a-broken-system/
15: Feminist Understanding that women are different than men in why they may commit crimes, for their rehabilitation to succeed. | Conflict If society as a whole would not outcast offenders then the individual would have a chance for change and to feel accepted. | Functionalist The inmate should be in a treatment program that allows him/her to relearn what is right/what is wrong in society.
16: Without accurate rehabilitation in the prisons across the United States, the cycle of inmates will continue to increase. The kind of treatment for each prisoner should be top priority when the inmate is checked into jail. The purpose of the therapy would be to eliminate the individual from coming back into the prison system once release. With this type of plan this would help reduce the cost of the care of prisoners, decrease prison population and that would eradicate the need for staff at prisons.
17: If an individual has a drug problem, this person needs drug rehab, therapy and counseling; with continued precise monitoring when release out of prison. This person cannot be expected to survive without a support system. They need help, they need guidance. The individual needs opportunity. There is discrimination against EX-convicted felons, it seems unfair. Each person deserves a second change; give their rehabilitation time to work. The adjustment period can be difficult; especially if the person doesn't have any family to rely on for support.
19: Making a positive difference in an offender's journey through prison can result in a changed life for that individual. As a society people have labeled criminals as no good, worthless and forever criminals. This is unacceptable, especially living in America, where we should be open to help others. There are many beneficial treatment programs that allow people the help they need. Why not provide this type of treatment to inmates? Create specific individualized treatment programs for each inmate, whether they are being released or not. Allowing the inmate a opportunity to become something other than a criminal can change the individual's self-concept and help reduce the returning rate of going back to prison. Something may have happened in their life to interrupt their living. Maybe this kind of behavior was all they learned growing up. Labeling a person as a forever criminal is discriminating.