BC: The End
FC: by Michael Wooten | Reconstruction Era in America
1: The Reconstruction Era in America was the period of time between about 1865-1877 when America tried to recover from the Civil war. The main purpose of Reconstruction was to reunite the North and South and unify the nation after the brutal war that had just commenced. | I was called here today to provide you with information about America's Reconstruction and to help advise your decisions as you go through a very similar time in your nation's history.
2: The first plan was called the 10% percent plan. It was proposed by Abraham Lincoln and said that if a Southern state got ten percent of its voters to swear allegiance the union, created a new state government and formally abolished slavery, it would be readmitted to the union. Much criticism came to this plan for its lenience on the South. This was due to the fact that Lincoln wanted to stay in office in the upcoming election. It also lacked provisions for freedmen.
4: Hiram Revels - one of the first African American senators
5: Radical Reconstruction was the period of time in which the Republican party asserted their authority and major changes. The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments were passed at this time. The Thirteenth Amendment officially outlawed any form of involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. The Fourteenth Amendment said that anyone born in the United states was a citizen and said that any state that had supported a rebellion against the Union could not hold a position in office. The 15th Amendment made it illegal to prevent someone from voting based on race, color or previous position of servitude. This period in Reconstruction led to a major shift in the southern society.
7: Following Lincoln's assassination on April 14, 1865. Andrew Johnson took office. He claimed beforehand to be hard on the South but once he got in office, he was very lenient. He turned a blind eye to things like the Black Code and didn't really interfere with the South. He was ultimately impeached.
8: In 1867, Military Reconstruction began. The former Confederacy was split up into five territories, each governed by a Union general. They oversaw the enforcement of equality in the South.
10: Following, Johnson's impeachment in 1866, Ulysses S. Grant, the US General in the Civil War, became president. He was loved by the Republican North and considered a war hero but wasn't exactly fit to hold the position of president. After Grant's presidency, Rutherford B. Hayes became president. His election against Democrat Samuel Tidden was one of the closest elections in US history. At the last minute, Hayes gained some Southern Democrat support that allowed him to win. In exchange, Hayes withdrew some northern troops from the south. This was known as the Compromise of 1877.
12: Slavery was abolished but many groups such as the Ku Klux Klan and laws like the Black Codes prevented black from being equal. The Freedman's Bureau was established in 1865 to protect the rights of blacks in the South. Also the Civil Rights Act of 1866, formally called An Act to protect all Persons in the United States in their Civil Rights, and furnish the Means of their vindication was established, against the veto of Andrew Jackson.The Port Royal Experiment was a program begun during the American Civil War in which former slaves successfully worked on the land abandoned by plantation owners. Two radical Republicans, Charles Sumner and Benjamin Butler, fought to get the Civil Rights Act of 1875 passed. It stated that people of color could not be denied equal service. This was eventually overturned because it was decided that states had no right to dictate individual discrimination.
13: "Redemption" was a call to white southerners to fight for Democratic rule in the South. Groups like the Ku Klux Klan would terrorize and kill blacks, and attempt to disassemble organization who supported the Republican cause. They despised the carpetbaggers (Northerns in the South) and scalawags (Southern Democrats).
14: During the Civil War, much of the southern land was destroyed. Sherman's Special Field Orders, No. 15 confiscated 400,000 acres of land along the Atlantic coast of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, on which about 18,000 freed slave families and other Blacks would live. Though much of the farmland was destroyed in the South, eventually southern agricultural became the main source of economy again. Some people to afford their own land began tenant farming as well as sharecropping. Tenant farming involved paying a landowner to farm on his property. Sharecropping involved farming on someones land and giving them a portion of your crop. Many blacks were sharecroppers. this system was often abused and became like a new form of slavery.
15: The overturned convictions in the US v. Kruikshank case (1876) and the Slaughterhouse Cases as well as things like the Colfax Massacres in Louisiana showed a growing political leniency to the white supremacist cause. In 1873, when the Jay Cooke Bank filed for bankruptcy, tens of thousands of people lost their jobs. The New York Stock Exchange was closed for ten days. People were unhappy with the economic situation and began to support the Democrats.
16: This is a commentary on President Andrew Johnson's veto of the military government bill, the scales of justice are portrayed favoring the South and the Confederate Army.
17: Reconstruction overall was successful. The nation was unified once again. The Southern economy had been restored for the most part. Slaves were successful freed and for a while were given equal opportunities. The only problem with the American Reconstruction was the backslide towards the end of it. Black's rights were quickly taken away from them and Democrats soon regained power. My advice to Terpakistan is to not back slide and to remain strict with your policies and laws. If that is successfully done, I believe your will have a strong, long-lasting, unified nation. | Special thanks to Richard Kruse for apparent reasons
20: A family is pieced together with hope and faith. A family is quilted and bound with love and grace.