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religion - Page Text Content


1: ANGLO SAXON RELIGION by Elvia Hernandez & Catalina Londono 9/8/09

2: The Anglo-Saxons were pagans when they came to Britain, but, as time passed, they gradually converted to Christianity. Many of the customs have in England today come from pagan festivals.

3: Pagans believe in a variety of things and scholarly types tend to create connections of how influential pagan rites, rituals, and beliefs can be seen in our modern time. Pagans have a wide variety of beliefs that can easily be related to many things in our day. The earth is a great example of how pagans tie their commonality to many of our beliefs in modern existence.

4: Goddess: •Balder: god of immortality. •Eostre: gods of birth. •Frigg: god of love. •Hel: god of death. •Loki: god of cunning. •Saxnot: god of the family. •Thunor: god of Thunder. •Tiw: god of war. •Wade: god of the sea. •Wayland: god of metalworking. •Woden: chief god. | The major gods can be identified by their influence on the English weekday names Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday which come from Tiw, Woden, Dunor, and Frge respectively, through the Old English names Tiwesdg, Wodnesdg, Dunresdg and Frigedg.

5: Days of the Week | Certain days of the week are named after early Saxon Gods. Monandg ( Moon's day - the day of the moon ), Tiwesdg ( Tiw's-day - the day of the Scandinavian sky god Tiw,Tiu or Tig), Wodnesdg ( Woden's day - the day of the god Woden (Othin) ), Dunresdg ( Thor's Day - the day of the god unor or Thunor ), Frigedg ( Freyja's day - the day of the goddess Freyja or Frigg, wife to Woden), Sternesdg ( Saturn's day - the day of the Roman god Saturn, whose festival "Saturnalia," with its exchange of gifts, has been incorporated into our celebration of Christmas.), Sunnandg ( Sun's day - the day of the sun ).

6: Paganism believed in different other things, to make connections and rites, rituals, and beliefs. Pagans expressed their movement and worship with different symbols, one of those symbols would be the cross. For Christians the cross represent what Christ has done for them, and to say that the cross is a pagan is to not believed what Christ had taught and stood for

7: The Anglo Saxons became Christians when their tribes settled with in the Roman Empire. In the followings centuries the Roman church split between dioceses and patriarchs. | About 1400 years ago, the leader (pope) was trying to make pagans become Christians. He send a Monk called Agustine, later known as a Bishop of the Christian church; to spread Christianity to the other parts of Britain.

8: Pagans are polytheistic whereas Christians are monotheistic, and the concept of Christians believing in a trinity would seemingly make them pagan-like. Paganism was conquered by Christianity, it is equally true that Christianity was corrupted by Paganism.

9: The monastic life of the seventh and eighth centuries was lead in double houses which consisted of both a monastery and a nunnery. Men and women were equal in conversion and learning. By the ninth century, the enthusiasm of the earlier ages was gone; the church was in decline, partly because of frequent Viking raids. In the tenth century, monastic reform did away with the double houses and monks started to live like noblemen, often getting involved in power-politics. This was the age of equality in ignorance, not anymore in learning.

10: 12 + 1:Giuli last month of old and first of new year 2: Solmonath 'when cakes were offered to the gods' says Bede 3:Hretha - 4:Eostre Easter 5:Thrimilci cows milked three times a day 6 + 7:Litha possibly 'moon' 8:Weodmonath 'weedmonth' 9:Halegmonath 'holy month' (harvest festival?) 10:Wintirfyllith 'winter full moon' (first full moon of winter?) 11:Blotmonath 'blood month' (sacrifice of animals that would not survive winter)

11: We know not from his information alone whether the months were reckoned by the phases of the moon, and if so, whether they began on the Full or New Moon | One of the least studied things in ancient Anglo-Saxon culture is the old pagan calendar. Yet, it is an area of most interest for many. What we know of the calendar was handed down to us by Bede in his work De Temporum Ratione. Unfortunately, while Bede gave us much information, he also left us in quite a mystery about how the calendar worked.

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