S: Our Wedding
BC: The End
FC: Romeo & Juliet Novel Study | By Courtney
2: The first prologue introduces us to the families and the story behind them. It tells us that they are very alike but have hated each other for as long as they can remember. The only way the feud will end is for their children to die. They fell in love but didn’t convince their parents to give up the feud. I think Shakespeare chose to tell us of this including the ending because it helps us to better understand it and be able to pay more attention to the other details. By doing this we know all the background info ahead of time so they don’t have to waste time in the play explaining it all. | What things are introduced during the first prologue? Why do you think Shakespeare chose to tell us what he did in the prologue? | Prologue
3: "Where cival blood makes civil hands unclean" just means that the civilians are the people fighting each other on the streets. | Setting doesn’t just include the location. It also includes the time, the circumstances of the characters, the social structure, and many other issues. Summarize the setting of this story as outlined by the prologue | Choose three words or phrases that you encountered in the prologue that seemed confusing or difficult. Explain what they mean. ly way they succeeded. | "From forth the fatal loins of these two foes " means the parents of Romeo & Juliet. | " Whose misadventured piteous overthrows" tellls us that they fail to convincet their parents to end the feud even by marrying, Death eas tha only way they succeeded. | It takes place int the city state of Verona, with two households of equal status. It starts off with them fighting in .the streets about a fight that started long ago. This sets the mood and tshows that really hate each other. It ends with the feud finally ending, but only because the son and daughter of each family died
4: The streets then were designed in a V shape so that when waste was thrown out the windows of houses in would run to the middle and eventually be washed away. When they say “take the wall” it means they are walking on the side that is safer so that they will not get waste thrown on them. | What does the fight between the servants tell us about the feud in Romeo and Juliet? | It tells us that it’s not just the families that hate each other and are feuding, all their servants and other people n the city have been drug into it too. | What does it mean to “take the wall”? | What is wrong with “biting your thumb” at someone? | Biting your thumb at someone is the highest form of insult. It is a sign of disrespect and today would be the same as fingering someone. | Act 1 Scene 1
5: What kind of character is Benvolio? How is he antithetical to Tybalt? | Benvolio is a very open and honest character. He is willing to give information, but sometimes comes across as a tattletale. He wants the feud to end and for there to be peace. Tybalt on the other hand is the opposite he hates peace and always wants to fight. | What is the punishment for fighting on the streets as decreed the Prince? How is that ironic? The Prince tells them that if there is anymore fighting on the streets everyone involved will be killed. This is kind of ironic because he is killing people to stop them from fighting and killing each other. | Why does it bother the Prince so much that there is civil unrest in Verona? | It bothers him because he wants peace and it seems like no matter what he does he can’t get it. To him it is an insult.
6: What is your first impression of Romeo? Why is he acting the way he is? How does this set up Romeo for the rest of the play? | My first impression is that he is kind of a wimp. Everyday he goes and cries in the forest then goes back and locks himself in his room and cries more. Also is quite shallow. First he likes Roselyn just because of her looks, but after seeing Juliet immediately forgets her and thinks he’s in love with Juliet. He is the kind of guy that goes for what he wants; he doesn’t just go half way. This sets us up for the rest of the play because we’ve seen what he was like with her, so we know his relationship will be with Juliet will be very deep.
7: Act 1 Scene 2 | Who is Pairs? Paris is an old rich man that wants to marry Juliet | In this scene, what impression do we get of Lord Capulet? How does he feel about Juliet and marriage? We get the impression that he just wants what is best for Juliet. He is worried she is too young for marriage and wants Paris to wait for two years till Juliet is 16 before he marries her. He feels that Juliet should be in love with the man she marries | How much power does Juliet have over her own life? What evidence do we see of this? | She doesn’t really have much power over her life. She is just expected to do what she is told. The evidence we have is when her mom asks her if she will look at Paris she just agrees and says she’ll whatever she is told.
8: He provides comic relief because of his inability to read. He is very high strung and goes on rants very easily. Also just the fact that he gave rodeo the idea of coming to the party. | He decides to come to the party because he sees that Rosaline is on the guest list. Shakespeare makes it clear that Romeo is shallow and goes for looks, and Benvolio tells him that he will see another girl and forget about her. | Why does Romeo decide to crash the Capulet party? | Why does Romeo decide to crash the Capulet party? Does Shakespeare provide any foreshadowing of future events?
9: Act 1 Scene 3 | How does Juliet feel about marriage? How does she feel about Paris? It is an honor that she dreams not of. She is not at all interested in getting married and she is not interested in Paris. She knows that he is only in it for her father’s wealth/rank in society. | Describe the nurse character She is very dirty old lady. She lost her virginity when she was 13 and only had 4 teeth. She always cracks dirty jokes and has to something to say about everything. She kind of seemed to have mixed feelings about Juliet getting married.
10: What are the boys about to do in this scene? Mercutio, Romeo & Benvolio are about to go to crash the Capulet's party. Mercutio and Benvolio are trying to get Romeo to forget about Rosaline. | Why does Romeo feel jumpy? He had a bad dream that basically foretold his death. Now he's worried and doesn't think he should go to the party. | Describe the type of person Mercutio is. Use clues from his behavior and his speech. He is very long winded. Once he gets into a rant it's hard to stop him. He doesn't believe in true love or dreams, just wants to go out and have a good time. Also he probably has a crush on Romeo. | Act 1 Scene 4
11: Why did shakesphere include the scene with the two servants? H e included it so the characters had time to get their party costumes and stuff ready for the next scene. It was also there for comic relief. | What is ironic about Romeo's entrance to the party? It is ironic because you expect him to see Rosaline first and go for her but instead the first girl he sees is Juliet and he totally forgets about Rosaline. He has only seen her for a few minutes but already thinks he's in love with her instead. | What happens when Tybalt hears Romeo's voice? He hears the voice of his enemy and is angry because he wasn't invited. He asks for his sword but Capulet stops him and tells him to leave him alone because he has done nothing wrong. | Act 1 | Scene 5
12: How does Romeo convince Juliet to kiss him so quickly? He plays mind games with her and gets her kind of confused. He also uses cheesy flattery, then ends up kissing her without consent but she doesn’t mind and after the second kiss ends up admitting that he actually is a good kisser. | What foreshadowing do we get at the end of act 1 scene 5? Part of the foreshadowing we get is that they are already talking about marriage. When Juliet is talking to the nurse she tells her that if Romeo is married her grave would be her wedding bed. We also learn that Tybalt is going to get back at Romeo for coming to the party uninvited. | Act 1 Scene 5
13: Act 2 | Scene 1 | Where do Mercutio and Benvolio believe Romeo is hiding? They think that he is hiding out in the bushes doing dirty things with Rosaline. | What is Romeo actually doing? He is actually hiding by himself near Juliet’s balcony listening to her talk about him. After spying on her for awhile he jumps out and confronts her. | What things does Romeo compare Juliet to? He compares her to the sun and the envious moon and also to a baby hawk
14: More Irony: Why does Shakespeare make Mercutio and Benvolio talk about ‘physical love’ in the scene right before the balcony scene, where Romeo and Juliet talk about emotional love? He put these scenes together to show that Romeo genuely believes he is really truly in love with Juliet, and not just physically like Mercutio believes love is. It shows that even though he is young he loves her emotionally, not physically. | Act 2 Scene 2 | What does Romeo swear his love by? Why does Juliet not like this? Romeo swears his love by the moon but since it is always changing Juliet does not like this. She wants his love to stay true and strong forever.
15: Who proposes? What is the plan? Juliet proposes to Romeo. She tells him that if he really cares and wants to marry her to come back for her in the morning and take her away so they can get married. | A famous line from this scene is “that which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.” What does this mean? It means that whatever you call something it will always be the same thing. By saying this Juliet is saying that no matter what Romeo’s name is he would still be the person she loves, and that it doesn’t matter that he’s a Montague.
16: Act 2 Scene 3 | What does Romeo do immediately after leaving Juliet? Romeo runs to the abbey to find Friar Lawrence. He asks him to marry them and he agrees. | What does Friar Lawrence think about Romeo’s sudden change in love interest? In the beginning he thinks it’s weird because he just forgot about Rosaline and moved onto another girl again only for looks. He knows Romeo never truly loved Rosaline and thinks it’s the same with Juliet | What does Friar Lawrence think of Romeo’s suggestion? Does he agree to help? Friar Lawrence thinks it a good idea because it might end the feud between the families so he agrees to help.
17: What has happened as a result of the party-crashing? Tybalt is still mad so he sends a letter to the Montague household, challenging Romeo to a duel. | What does Mercutio call Tybalt and why? Mercutio says that he is more than the Prince of Cats, which is saying he is better than a famous swords man. | Why is Mercutio so crude when describing Romeos night? He is really crude because he is jealous and doesn’t like women. Also he thinks love is just a physical thing and doesn’t like it. | Act 2 Scene 4 | How does Mercutio treat the Nurse? Mercutio is very rude to the nurse because he just doesn’t like women in general and she is a very good example anyway. He thinks she is a dirty old woman trying to hit on Romeo because he doesn’t know about their plan.
18: What is interesting about the way the nurse and Peter speak to one another? They speak to each other in full sentences with no rhyming and not in iambic pentameter which shows that they are lower class and uneducated. | What do the nurse and Romeo decide to do regarding the marriage? In about an hour they are going to meet behind the Abby. The nurse will bring Juliet and Romeo is bring a ladder so he can climb into her window that night. | What is the mood of the scene? There is an undertone of secrecy and a bit of jealousy, but overall pretty happy cause Romeo is finally joking around and not moping. | Act 2 | Scene 4
19: What happens in this scene? The Nurse comes back from her meeting with Romeo to tell Juliet what he said. | Act 2 Scene 5 | Why does the nurse torture Juliet the way she does? She probably tortures her to make her wait and kind of create suspense. Juliet goes crazy wanting to now what he said then when she finds out the good news is extremley happy.
20: Act 2 Scene 6 | What happens in this scene? In this scene Romea and Juliet go and actually get married by the Friar. | Analzye Friar Lawrence's speech to Romeo- not really a bubbly pre wedding speech is it? Friar Lawrence's speech is defiantly not an average wedding speech. It isn't romantic it just kind of foreshadows there death and bugs them about their love. He tells them not to go too slow or too fast.
22: What is the confusion in this scene? The confusion in the scene is that when the nurse comes to bring Juliet the rope, she also gives Juliet some bad news. She tells her that Romeo is dead so Juliet gets all confused and sad. She asks the nurse what she means and finally the nurse tells her that he is not actually dead, just banished. | List four examples of antithesis that Shakespeare uses in this scene. Why does he use antithesis here? Juliet uses quite a bit of antithesis when she is talking about Romeo after what he did. Some examples include: beautiful tyrant, fiendish angel, lamb who hunts like a wolf and villain who seems honorable. Antithesis is used here to show Juliet’s mixed feelings about Romeo. She can’t believe what he did and is mad but at the same time really loves him and can’t be mad at him. | Act 3 Scene 2
23: What does Juliet feel about what Romeo has done? She is sad that her cousin is dead, but thinks it would have been even worse if her husband Romeo had died. | How does Juliet react when the nurse scolds Romeo? What did this say about Juliet’s view on her marriage? When the nurse starts saying stuff about Romeo Juliet gets mad at her and tells her not to talk about her husband like that. This tells us that she probably feels very strongly about her marriage and doesn’t want anyone saying anything bad about her or her husband, that only she can. | What does the nurse decide to do? The nurse, sick of Juliet’s complaining decides to go find Romeo and bring him to Juliet for one final good bye. She goes to the Friar’s where she thinks he is hiding to talk to him.
24: What is the relationship between Romeo and Friar Lawrence? Romeo and Friar Lawrence are good friends. The Friar is someone Romeo can trust to talk to and he always gives him advice. | How does Romeo show that he is still foolhardy and willing to put emotion before logic? He shows this because instead of thinking logically about his situation he lays on the ground crying, and saying that he is going to kill himself. He thinks that is the answer when really it would make things worse. | What is the Friar’s suggestion to make things right? The friar’s suggestion was for Romeo to go see Juliet but then make sure he left before morning and go hide in the next city. He told him to stay there hopefully after awhile they could settle the two family’s differences and he could come back. Then his life would be twice as good. | How does this scene end? First the nurse leaves and goes back to Juliet, then the Friar and Romeo are left talking and he sends him off to go see Juliet before he leaves the city. | Act 3 Scene 3
25: Act 3 Scene 4 | What has been decided regarding Juliet’s fate in this scene? Her fate has been sealed with Paris. Without talking to her, her father already decided that she would marry him. He didn’t give her a choice, just told her she was getting married on Thursday. | What was Capulet’s only concern about this? What does this tell us about his relationship with his daughter? The only thing Capulet was worried about was that people were still grieving over Tybalt. He thought they should wait another day before having the wedding. This shows that he doesn’t care about Juliet. He doesn’t even consider what she is feeling or what she wants, he just wants to have the party.
26: What is the significance about “larks” and “nightingales” in this scene? Larks are the birds of day and nightingales are of the night. In this scene when Romeo and Juliet are together Romeo tells her that he heard a lark so he must go, but Juliet argues that it was a nightingale so he will stay. | What super obvious foreshadowing does Shakespeare give us as Romeo leaves? The obvious foreshadowing as Romeo leaves is how they say good bye to each other. Juliet says that it feels like it is the last time she will see him alive and that he already looks like a dead corpse in a coffin. | How does Juliet react to her mother’s announcement? She is really mad and tells her that she would rather marry her enemy Romeo than Paris. | Act 3 Scene 5
27: How does Capulet react to Juliet’s acceptance or lack thereof? What is the ultimatum he gives her? When Capulet finds out that Juliet said she would not marry Paris he is very mad and tells her that she will not be welcome to live with him anymore. He says she can go live on the streets for al he cares. | Quote one of the lines you feel proves Capulet is not the best father? Hang thee, young baggage! Disobedient wretch! I tell thee what: get thee to church o' Thursday, Or never after look me in the face. Speak not. Reply not. Do not answer me. | What does Juliet tell the nurse? Is it the truth or a lie? What do you believe she will do? When the nurse tell Juliet she thinks it would be best if she just married Paris, Juliet says fine and tells her that she is going to the church for confession. It is a lie because she is actually going to talk to the friar and get a potion; she just wants to get away.
28: Why is Paris at the church? What does he tell the Friar? He is at the church to make the wedding arrangements and explaining to him they have to have it so fast. He tells him it is to put some happiness in Juliet’s life so she will stop crying. | How does Juliet use double entendres in this scene? When talking to the Friar and Paris, she tells them that she loves someone, but not Paris and about how she is a wife, but not his. She says all of this without actually telling them about Romeo. | How does Juliet mirror the actions of Romeo, who was in the very same place just the day before? She is very similar to him because the day before he came to him crying and threatening to kill himself, exactly what she just did. | Act 4 Scene 1
29: What are some things Juliet would rather do than marry Paris? She says that she would rather jump of the battle posts of a tower, walk in the crime-ridden streets of a slum, sit in a field of poisonous snakes, be chained up with wild bears, hide in morgue full of dead bodies with wet, smelly fish and skulls, or climb into a freshly dug grave and hide with a dead man in his tomb, than marry Paris. | Outline Friar Lawrence’s plan in detail, step-by-step. His plan so that Juliet doesn’t have to marry Paris is that she first goes home and tells her parents that she will marry him, then at night to make sure she is alone and while laying in bed drink a vial of a cold, sleep inducing drug. He tells her it will make her cold, her pulse with stop, and she will stop breathing; just like she’s dead. She would remain like that for 42 hours then when Paris went to get her in the morning she would seem dead so they would put her in a coffin then Romeo will come and wait for her to wake up. They will then go to Mantua together and stay there.
30: Why is the servant man blathering on about cooks who lick their fingers? He is going on about cooks because he is supposed to be finding a cook for the party, so he is telling them how cooks who don’t like their fingers are bad because they are afraid to taste their own food. He is going to find one that does so he knows it will be good. | What is an unexpected result of Juliet telling her father she’ll marry Paris? The unexpected result is that because he is so excited about he moves the wedding to a day sooner so she had even less time to prepare. | Act 4 Scene 2
31: Juliet is unsure of taking the poison for a couple of reasons. Describe them. Juliet’s reasons for not taking the potion are actually really good. She is worried that the Friar could actually have given her a poison so that she would be dead and that there is no way he could get in trouble for marrying her twice. She tells herself that this probably isn’t so because he is a holy man. Then she considers what would happen if she woke up before Romeo got there and was surrounded by death and darkness or if she died of suffocation. She is worried that she could wake up and smell the awful odors and go crazy. | What thing does she imagine that finally convinces her to drink the potion? She is concerned about taking the potion but the minute she thinks of Romeo she drinks it. | Act 4 Scene 3
32: Act 4 Scene 4 | What is this scene all about? In this scene Juliet parents and everyone are busy getting ready for the wedding. Setting out all the food and decorating. When it is finally time for the wedding to start the nurse goes to wake Juliet but finds her laying on her bed with her clothes still on, dead.
33: How is death personified in this scene? The friar told Paris that he missed his chance to marry Juliet because death took her hand in marrige first. He said that she was a flower that bloomeed to soon and now was gone. | Are Juliet’s parents unconcerned by her death, or angry that they don’t get to marry her to Paris? Explain your answer. Her parents are concerned about her death and appear to be sad about it, but are more angry that they don’t get to marry her to Paris. For awhile they have said that grieving over Tybalt has ruined her, and now it actually has. She is dead and they think it’s just because she grieved over him for too long. You can tell that Capulet is mad she died now because he asks why it had to happen now before the wedding instead of after. | Act 4 Scene 5
34: What does the Friar tell the family to stop them from shouting out in grief? He tells them that they had her thanks to the heavens and now she is safe there, in a better place. He says that she was going to die eventually, so now was probably the best time, because it would be better for her to marry well and die young than be married for a long time and be unhappy. He concludes by telling them it’s natural to cry for her, but should be happy for her. | What is the reason for having the argument between Peter and the musicians? They have the argument so that they have time to move Juliet and take her to the tomb. | Act 4 Scene 5