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Somalia - Page Text Content

S: Somalia

BC: The End! :D

FC: Somalia By: Batoul Khachab & Katie Liwak (:

1: *Index* Page 2-3 :Geography Page 4-7: Historical Backround Page 8-9: Description of people and population Page 10-11: Economy Page 12-13: Government Page 14-15: conclusion Page 16-17: Reference.

2: Geography: -Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia. -Somalia has a long coastline with a sandy coastal plain. - The weather there is extremely dry( desert like). Irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods. - The northern region is mountainous with plateaus

3: Somalia had many historical significanc-es one of which resulted in social change as well as its commerce center for trade. A place of interest in Somalia is Arin Diir, Somalia. A beach where people

4: Historical Backround: - Britain proclaims protectorate over Somaliland. Then Italians occupy British Somaliland. But British regain Italian Somalia ( 1887-1941). -In 1977, with the help of Soviet arms, Somalia attempted to seize the Ogaden region of Ethiopia, but was defeated thanks to Soviet and Cuban backing for Ethiopia, which had turned Marxist. But then in 1988 there was a Peace accord with Ethiopia. - The UN in Somalia: Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored.

5: The Italian Somaliland (sometimes known as Italian Somalia) was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy from the 1880s until 1936 in the territory of the modern-day Northeast African nation of Somalia; that was under the rule of British Territory.

6: Somalia became a fully independent republic in 1960 through a merger of the two former colonial territories, British and Italian Somaliland. By the State of Somaliland being joined by the Trust Territory of Somalia (Italian Somalia) on 1 July 1960 becoming the Somali Republic.

7: Prominent Person: Painting is a modern tradition; and Somalia's most celebrated painter is Mohamed Buwe Osman. Most of his paintings depict Somali life and customs. He influenced many people and showed a great life in Somalia.

8: People & Population: -Current Population: 10.7 million -Ethnic Groups: Somali 85% which are the majority that were born there. Bantu and other non-Somali 15 % out of the total population, including Arabs (30,000) are descendents of slaves taken from Mozambique. -Most Somalis are Sunni Muslims. (Less than 1 percent of ethnic Somalis are Christians). According to their tradition, their ultimate ancestors were of the Qurayshitic lineage of the Prophet Muhammad. Except for a small number of urbanites influenced by higher education, all Somalis belong to one of the following brotherhoods.

10: Economy: - Main Industries: a few light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication. -Agricultural Products: bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; cattle, sheep, goats; fish. -Natural resources: uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves. - GDP:US $4,809 billion . -per capita annual income: US $600

12: Government: - No permanent national government; transitional, parliamentary federal government. -There are no political parties or leaders. -The prime minister (head of government) is Ali Mohamed Ghedi.

13: Government Issues: Somalia has been without an effective government for at least 18 years. So, threats to the national security continue to be very real, and they need to ensure that people are addressed in the strategy they will develop.

14: Conclusion: Positive: Somalia had many negative and positve aspects to the country. The location of the country is a positve aspect because it's near oceans and have successful trading. Also, it became independent which makes the people in Somalia feel more free. The economy is pretty good in Somalia. They have great trade centers and excellent agricultural products.

15: Negative: A negative aspect is the historical backround. They had many fights and disadvantages. And if they would loose, it wouldn't help the economy. Another negative aspect is the population; having too much people is not good because you would need more materials, resources and space. The Government faced and is still facing some issues, that hopefully will become better.

16: Reference Page: Images- 1.http://www.mapsofworld.com/images/world-countries-flags/somalia-flag.gif 2.http://radiocaptivity.files.wordpress.com/2008/06/somalia.gif 3.http://www.somaliroots.com/pictures/Mohamed%20Buwe%20osman.jpg 4.http://cache.daylife.com/imageserve/01Ude623JQavC/610x.jpg 5.http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~jmroth/womenhut.jpg 6.http://www.namnewsnetwork.org/images/somalia_money.gif 7.http://www.nazret.com/blog/media/somalia_olf_icu_121306.jpg *(most from google)*

17: Information- 1.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somalia 2.https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/so.html 3.http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107979.html 4.http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2863.htm *(More info. from Google; etc.)* :)

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