FC: The French Revolution
1: King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. | Digital image. Lois XVI. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2012.
2: Reasons for the French Revolution: Four major problems: 1. By 1787, the French Revolution was bankrupt. | $$$$$$$ | Money was mostly spent on costly wars, but had nothing to show for it. Marie Antoinette also spent her fair share of money on luxuries. Others said that the tax system was corrupt.
3: 2. Bad Harvest: | Many people in France depended heavily on agriculture and farming in the 1700s. | In the years 1787-1789, terrible weather, heavy rain, hard winters, and very hot summers led to 3 bad harvests in France.
4: 3. Louis calls the Estates General: May-June 1789 | In August 1788, King Louis XVI called the Estates General(a gathering of representatives from all 3 estates) for the first time since 1614. | They met at the palace of Versailles, just outside of Paris, in May 1789. There were 1100 members or deputies. The king hoped that the Estates General would approve new taxes.
5: The nobles and the clergy hoped they would control the affairs to continue their privileged lifestyles. The middle classes hoped for an English style democracy. The peasants hoped for solutions to their problems.
6: 4. The National Assembly, June 1789. | -The deputies of the third estate, who grew tired of arguments over how each order should vote, declared themselves a National Assembly. | -They wanted to draw up a constitution showing how France was to be governed.
7: The Tennis Court Oath: | On June 20th, the members of this assembly met at the royal tennis court. They pledged an oath(the Tennis Court Oath) not to leave until the king agreed to meet their demands. He gave way and deputies of the first and second estates became part of the National Assembly.
8: Guillotine. Digital image. French Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012.
9: The Guillotine: | -A machine for beheading people who did crime, used as means of execution during the French Revolution.
10: Scorched-earth policy: | -The practice of burning crops and killing livestock during wartime so that the enemy can't live off the land.
11: Scorched Earth Policy. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012.
12: The Great Fear: | -A wave of senseless panic that spread through the French Countryside after the Storming of the Bastille in 1789.
13: Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012.
14: The Reign of Terror: | -July 1793-1794 -Maximilien Robespierre -Desired to erase every trace of France's past monarchy and nobility. -calendar changed; no more Sundays. -churches closed all over France.
15: French Revolution. Digital image. Http://www.rjgeib.com/thoughts/french/french.html. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012.
16: The Three Estates: | First Estate; the clergy Second Estate; the nobility Third Estate; rest of population & peasants.
17: Digital image. The Estates. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012.
18: Waterloo: | -A village in Belgium. -A war occurred here on June 18, 1815. -Leader was the Duke of Wellington.
19: Digital image. The Battle of Waterloo. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012.
20: Declaration of the Rights of Man: | -stated that men are born equal and have rights; liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.
21: Declaration of the Rights of Man. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012.