S: Seasons of Change
FC: Story of a Cell
1: nucleous: Contians DNA, it controls the cell's growth and reproduction. It also controls synthesis of ribsomomes and proteins in the cytoplasm. The nucleus is like the brain. The nucleus is located in the middle of both animal and plant cells. The nucleus works with the ribosomes to build cellular proteins. The RNA contained in the ribosomes obtain the codes from the DNA in the nucleus to build these cellular proteins. Ribosomes: Contains RNA and proteins, they float freely through the cell. It is abundant in rough ER ( endplasmic recitculum.
2: Endoplasmic reticulum; Helps nutrients get areoud to other parts of the cell.They are little string shaped organelles located all throughout the cell. There are 2 different types of endoplasmic reticulum, the rough endoplasmic reticulum which contains ribosomes and proteins in which are going to be used inside the cell, and there is smooth endoplasmic reticulum which does not have ribosomes but carries proteins that are soon to be leaving the cell. The endoplasmic reticulum is like a high way. The endplasmic reticulum works with nucleus. Golgi apparatous; Sorts, proccesses, packages, and delviers proteins and lipids to other parts of the cell. Works like the endoplasmic reticulum except the endoplasmic reticulum delivers proteins outside of the cell. Golgi apparatous is like a mail place sorting and delivering packages to people everywhere.
3: Centrioles :Only found in animal cells. Its function is not completly understood but it has somthing to do with cell divsision. They are located on either ends of the cell. They are like police in a city because the centrioles keep order during cell division. So they therefore work with all the other organelles involved in cell division. Cholroplasts: Are only found in plant cells. They are food producers in the cell. The chloroplasts convert the sun's energy into food for the plant so they are kind of like solar panels converting the sun's energy. The cholroplasts can be located anywhere in the cell.
4: Lysosomes; Contain over 40 different powerful enzymes that enable cells to digest large molecules. Lysosomes help white blood cells destroy viruses and other foreign things to the body. They also recycle organelles. Lysosomes work with vacuoles to maintain homeostasis. Located anywhere in the cell. Lysosomes are like garbage disposals because they break down stuff. Vacuoles: are storage bubbles found in cells. They store waste that will eventually leave the cell. They play a role in digestion. The vacuoles are much larger in plant cells then in animal cells. They are located in the cytoplasm in the cell. The vacuoles are like boxes because you cant store stuff in them.
5: Mitochondria : The powerhouse of the cell. It generates energy to keep the cell alive. Without it the cell would die. Some cells have only one mitochondria but cells like the ones in your muscles have hundreds. They are located in the cytoplasm of the cell. They are like an engine producing energy keeping the cell going. They work with all the other cells by providing energy. Cell membrane: Protects the cell, controls what goes in and what goes out of the cell. It is located on the outside of the cell. It is like a gate keeper because it only lets certain things in and out of it. It works with the other cells by providing protection for all the other organelles.
6: .. | Cytoskeleton: Contained within a cell's cytoplasm. It provides the cell with structure and shape and by excluding macromolecules from some of the cytosol. It works with the membrane protecting the cell form outside forces. The cytoskeleton is like the framework of a house because it provides the cell shape and protection. Nucleolus: Is located in the nucleus. This is where most of the genes that code for synthesis of ribosomal RNA. The nucleolus is kind of like a copier because it has multiple genes inside it.
7: Cilia / flagella : move liquid past the surface of the cell. They are like taxis they help stuff get across the cell.